Yeast Infection: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, and Treatment

Good control of blood sugar levels decreases the risk of yeast infections anywhere on your body.

The problem is common, and it doesn’t necessarily mean that you have a sexually transmitted infection (STI). Knowing what’s normal for you will help you identify changes in your vaginal health. Certain products and habits can irritate them and lead to itching and discomfort that women might confuse with a yeaster, says Dr. What can relieve the itch: Some vaginal infections, such as bacterial vaginosis, gonorrhea, or chlamydia, may increase your risk of complications during pregnancy. Yeast infections (vaginal & others): everything you need to know. Consuming yogurt also lacks enough research to say whether it is helpful in fighting yeast, but it’s unlikely to be harmful (9,11). Report your symptoms to your doctor if: You can do a self examination between periods.

  • ’ Like, enjoy yourself.
  • Vaginal yeast infections are extremely common, and there are many ways to treat them.
  • Ask if your condition can be treated in other ways.

It’s your choice which suppository length you prefer, from 1-day to 7-day treatment. The key to conquering them is to know the symptoms, the causes and when to seek medical help. Vaginal discharge that is usually white, thick, clumpy, and odorless. Or, if you're just experiencing the dryness or itching during or after sex, you can use coconut oil or another natural lubricant during sex to help curb some of those symptoms, says Dr. Gunter says that if your symptoms are itch-predominant and internal, not way out on the skin, and you haven’t done anything different like used a new soap or new kind of condom, you can certainly try an over-the-counter treatment. Also available online: However, recent articles[27][28] question their efficacy in preventing recurrence compared with other means, or conclude that there is insufficient evidence for or against recommending probiotics for the treatment of bacterial vaginosis. Sometimes a menstrual period will relieve the symptoms of a mild yeast infection.

  • This remedy is often helpful for vaginitis during pregnancy.
  • Can yeast infections cause serious problems?
  • Work with providers to come up with the combination of medicine, nutrition, supplements, and stress relief that’s right for you.
  • It's important to note that if your symptoms don't improve with treatment, be sure to see your doctor again.
  • Symptoms for all three can include some form of vaginal discharge, itching, and irritation, so it is important to understand how they are different so you can get the right treatment.

How Is The Cause Of An Itchy Vulva Diagnosed?

Talk with your doctor about the advantages and disadvantages of vaginal and oral medicines, including: These treatments have not been well studied. How are yeast infections treated? “It’s really challenging because sometimes the symptoms are all similar whether it’s a yeast infection or bacterial vaginosis or even a urinary tract infection,” she says. The pubic mound is the rounded, fleshy area above your pubic bone. Some studies suggest that the use of pads and tampons, or wearing tight synthetic clothing increases the risk for yeast infections, while other studies suggest there is no link between these and yeast infections (2,5). Although less likely than the other causes to create itching, sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are still something your gynecologist is thinking about when you come in with vaginal itching, says Williams.

A yeast infection is exactly what it sounds like: Vulvar itching can be uncomfortable and cause a person to lose sleep at night. Though a yeast infection can be uncomfortable, once treated, symptom relief is almost immediate.

  • Yeast infection in the mouth (thrush) may be treated with a medicated mouthwash.
  • If you use a barrier method of birth control, it is important to know that yeast creams or suppositories may be oil based and can weaken diaphragms, cervical caps and latex condoms.
  • Eating about a cup of plain yogurt that contains “live” or “active” cultures every day may help reduce the recurrence of yeast infections.

Will I need to do anything to prepare for the test?

Luckily, these STIs are both treatable once you see a doctor. But as Hutcherson notes, people sometimes think any abnormal change in discharge is related to yeast, even if it's really a sign of an STI. Inserting a clove of garlic into the vagina to cure a yeast infection. Even though yeast infections can be really itchy, try not to scratch.  The bacteria in these options are also naturally present in the vagina and help keep yeast from overgrowing. Taking antibiotics sometimes causes this imbalance. These are often treated with anti-yeast medicines taken by mouth or given by IV. However, it is a good idea to complete the full course of any treatment, as recommended.

Discharge may be more profuse in the morning and increased by walking. There are some skin conditions that can cause skin changes, such as whitening and itching. Types of cancer and precancerous conditions that can cause itching around the vulva include: While yogurt may be effective, it may not be as fast acting as antifungal treatments. Avoid using antibacterial soaps (i. )When assessing the cause, it’s essential to determine the precise location of the symptoms. When I went out with friends, I had to leave early so I could get home and go to sleep—the only time I wasn’t in pain.

While no one wants any STI, treatment of trich consists of oral medication and should go away fairly quickly once you start taking meds (though you can get reinfected). Under normal circumstances, a vaginal yeast infection is not serious and can be treated with medications. Patients should be advised to avoid sexual intercourse for at least 1 week and until they and their partner(s) have completed treatment and follow-up. The itch can also involve other adjacent skin of the abdomen, thighs and perianal area. Mild yeast infections often clear up in just a few days, but more severe infections can last up to two weeks. Some women will have a discharge with chlamydia and some will not. So is burning while peeing—another thing people may attribute to yeast infections. If anaerobic bacteria become too numerous, they upset the balance, causing bacterial vaginosis.

Bring someone with you to help you ask questions and remember what your provider tells you.


Otherwise, use a water-soluble lubricating jelly (such as K-Y Jelly) to reduce irritation. Overgrowth of Candida often happens after you use antibiotics. The cup is the best menstrual protection with the yeast infection, as it allows the lower end to breathe and does not disturb the natural moisture balance. Things that may encourage an excess growth of vaginal yeast include:

Health Solutions

Prevention of bacterial vaginosis includes healthy diets and behaviors as well as minimizing stress as all these factors can affect the pH balance of the vagina. Yeast infections aren’t an STD. Also, women with suppressed immune systems (for example, those taking cortisone-related medications such as prednisone) develop vaginal yeast infections more frequently than women with normal immunity. The chart below shows the most common symptoms of a yeast infection. It could turn out to be something more serious. Once you know that, you and your doctor can move on to other possible causes.

Luckily, there's a pretty quick solution for women who suffer from first-time yeast infections and exacerbated yeast infections that don't respond to topical treatment. Many women have infections that come back. Yeast infections of the vagina or penis can be treated with creams or medicated suppositories.

Signs and symptoms: How do I know if I have a vaginal yeast infection?

Some women also have a thick, clumpy, white discharge that has no odor and looks a little like cottage cheese. Eczema is a long term skin condition that causes dry, cracked, scaly, and itchy skin. There are several things you can do to keep the candida that normally lives in our bodies under control. Yeast infection in the mouth (thrush). “It's very, very important to discuss with your provider any discharge or symptoms that you're having, to make sure that we're treating the correct condition,” says Hudepohl. Rinse soap from your outer genital area after a shower, and dry the area well to prevent irritation. Candida infection of the skin: medlineplus medical encyclopedia, avoid wearing pantyhose, leotards, nylon panties or tight pants. That's because you might be battling another issue​​ – like a skin irritation​ – and by using a topical treatment, you could upset the body's natural defense against yeast. Women of all ages can get yeast infections.

Who To See

For any woman with yeast-infection-like symptoms, she recommends taking a good old antihistamine like Zyrtec, Claritin, or Allegra, which will reduce inflammation and can help give you relief while you’re waiting for medicine to do its thing, or for lab results to come back. Pubic lice can be treated with an over-the-counter lice-killing lotion. Vaginal infections often have multiple causes (varies between countries between 20 and 40% of vaginal infections), which present challenging cases for treatment. Some manufacturers add juices that are tend to have high levels of naturally occurring sugar such as grape juice to some foods. Shepherd says your doctor may pick up on it during your annual pelvic exam by spotting some unusual discharge on the speculum. One small study showed that among women who believed they had a yeast infection, only 1 out of 3 of them actually had one, and women who had been diagnosed in the past by a healthcare provider weren’t any better at correctly making the diagnosis (7). If you suffer from recurring yeast infections a few times a year, it's probably OK to use these over-the-counter medications as treatment -- but you should still talk to your health care provider just to be safe.

It is important to get treatment if you have an infection. Always see your healthcare provider for a diagnosis. There are different ways you can do this: If you have had a yeast infection before and can recognize the symptoms, and you aren't pregnant, you can treat yourself at home with medicines you can buy without a prescription.

This most common cause of vaginitis results from a change of the normal bacteria found in your vagina, to overgrowth of one of several other organisms. Many women get yeast infections—in fact, most will get at least one at some point in their lives. Vaginal yeast infection, this is done to stop the symptoms from developing, or if you get a lot of infections you may be told that you need to take oral pills for up to 6 months. Examples include: If you do get BV, remember you’re not alone. Symptoms around the vulval area can include: According to Susan Hoffstetter of the Saint Louis University School of Medicine, who analyzed the records of more than 150 new patients last year who thought they had yeast infections, only 26 percent actually did have yeast. Avoid underwear that is tight or made of synthetic material.

  • She spends her free time volunteering for NARAL Pro-Choice Ohio and advocating for women’s rights.
  • How long vaginal yeast infections last can vary and may depend on how severe the infection is and what treatment a person uses.
  • If a woman has vaginitis, she may have a bad-smelling fluid coming out of her vagina.

How Is Yeast Infection Diagnosed?

Many allergens and irritants can potentially cause vulvar itching. In today's roundup of extremely obvious statements: Most women have dealt with vaginal itching at some point in their lives—and it can be a huge discomfort whenever you experience it. Lack of estrogen: Click 'I agree' to allow Verizon Media and our partners to use cookies and similar technologies to access your device and use your data (including location) to understand your interests, and provide and measure personalised ads. How is yeast infection diagnosed?

What Causes A Vaginal Yeast Infection?

A 2020 research review found boric acid to be a safe alternative remedy for yeast infections. Diagnosis is typically suspected based on a women's symptoms. Yeast is a fungus normally found on your skin.

This infection is actually the most common one in women ages 15-44, according to the CDC. And some medicines that you use in your vagina have oil in them, which can cause condoms to break. Benign and malignant neoplastic disorders of the vulva are often asymptomatic in their early stages, but they can cause itch. Do i need to see a doctor for a yeast infection? Tea tree oil and garlic both have antifungal properties, but there is not enough research to show that they are effective at treating a yeast infection (9,11). Thrush in otherwise healthy children is not unusual, but in adults it may signal a weakened immune system, possibly caused by cancer, diabetes, or human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Or, I could try a less traditional approach, more associated with anti-vampires than anti-fungus:

In this case, it is essential to use the most breathable underwear as well as see to adequate hygiene.

How Is A Yeast Infection Treated?

Some women have many yeast infections. It’s difficult to determine exactly how prevalent they are because it is commonly self-diagnosed and treated with over-the-counter medications (2). The discharge is often thick, white, and curd-like (almost like cottage cheese).

These are some things to check for: But think twice before you dash to the store for an over-the-counter antifungal remedy. The pH or acidity of the vaginal fluid with other infections such as bacterial vaginosis (also called BV) and trichomoniasis (commonly referred to as trich) typically is much higher or is what we call "more basic. "Your sex partner generally does not need to be treated. If your pH test result is abnormal and high, you may have an infection or other cause that needs your doctor's expert diagnosis and advice.

Women seem especially prone because products, such as vaginal douches, feminine hygiene sprays, and scented panty liners can cause a reaction. Trying to treat another non-yeast-related condition with antifungals will not only be ineffective. You probably don't need to see your doctor every time you have vaginal irritation and discharge, particularly if: But people are desperate and when people are desperate they don’t think straight and it just breaks my heart. Ohmit SE, Sobel JD, Schuman P, et al. Putting yogurt in the vagina is another common home remedy about which there’s some limited, inconclusive evidence. These can be treated with creams or medicated suppositories. Too much sugar can up your risk.

Itch Due To Infections

Although they can show up on the outer genitalia, that's not always the case. A candidal rash around the anus may be raw, white or red, and itchy. Itching down there isn’t always a yeast infection – health essentials from cleveland clinic. How is a vaginal yeast infection diagnosed? Treating a yeast infection is usually simple and straightforward with over-the-counter or prescription antifungal medication. Yeast infections tend to happen in moist areas of the skin and mucous membranes.

"Yeast infections tend to produce inflammation, which is why you get those symptoms," Idries Abdur-Rahman, M.

Vaginal Yeast Infection Symptoms

Just because you have vaginal itching doesn't mean you have a yeast infection, Gunter says. It can be acute, relapsing or chronic. Neuropathy should be considered as a cause of vulval itch if there are no signs of infection or skin disease apart from lichen simplex — which can be secondary to a pruritic neuropathy — especially if vulvodynia is present. Select modern absorbent underwear. Candida & yeast infections, "Some learn of the condition by research on the internet or because of an integrative or holistic health practitioner. Some women consume good bacteria[clarification needed] in food with live culture, such as yogurt, sauerkraut and kimchi, or in probiotic supplements either to try to prevent candidiasis, or to reduce the likelihood of developing bacterial vaginitis following antibiotic treatment.

If you haven’t had one yet, you most likely will at some point in your life.

Menstrual blood raises the vaginal pH, causing the number of yeast cells to decrease because they can't grow in the pH present during menstruation. If you get a yeast infection while pregnant, OTC topical treatments can provide relief. A lab technician will look at the sample under a microscope to see whether there is an overgrowth of the Candida fungus. Factors that increase your risk of developing vaginitis include: Studies have shown that up to 20% to 50% of all women normally carry yeast in the vagina without the presence of symptoms. How to treat vaginal yeast infection, symptoms, causes & medicine. The bottom line for all women, however, is that if your symptoms don't go away with over-the-counter treatment for yeast infection, it is well worth your time to make an appointment to find out exactly what is wrong.

Your health care provider may also do a culture of the discharge, particularly if you have had yeast infections that keep coming back.

What You Must Know About Coronavirus

Vaginal itch fix: Don’t have vaginal or oral sex, or put anything into your vagina, until you’ve finished treatment and your infection goes away. Your health care provider may tell you that you need to take medicine every month to prevent yeast infections.

Your healthcare provider will ask about your symptoms and medical history. Wear underwear that helps keep your genital area dry and doesn't hold in warmth and moisture. Your sex partner does not need to be treated. The symptoms of a yeast infection depend on where it is in the body. They are often less expensive than brand-name medicines. When this remedy is indicated for yeast infections, symptoms may be changeable.

  • “Not to be exposed to whatever you are having a reaction to,” Moore says.
  • The fungus is often found in small amounts in the vagina, as well as in the digestive tract, the mouth and on the skin, without causing problems.
  • Pregnant women are also at greater risk, because they have higher levels of estrogen – which is thought to cause the vagina to produce more glycogen, which hikes the risk for a yeast infection.
  • Or the type of yeast infection you have may respond better to one method than to the other.
  • Here, ob/gyns walk you through the most common ones.


Not only can sex hurt (because vaginal tissue is already sensitive and irritated), a yeast infection can be passed on to your partner, Birkholz says. Those at higher risk for it include: Having a condition such as poorly controlled diabetes or can lead to too much yeast growing in the vagina. The vagina may feel sore, and the labia may itch or burn. Yeast infection in the skin folds. Start by seeing your gynecologist to make sure that you have a yeast infection.

Noninfectious vaginitis occurs when the skin around the vagina becomes sensitive to an irritant, such as scented tampons, perfumed soaps, or fabric softeners. It’s both a blessing and a curse that there are treatments for yeast infections available over the counter. Eight home remedies for a yeast infection, the internet might tell you that introducing things like tea tree oil suppositories, coconut oil or garlic into the vagina can help clear up an overgrowth of yeast. The cause depends on what type of vaginitis you have:

Although herpes isn't currently treatable, there are medications like Valtrex that can help suppress outbreaks, especially once you can sense them coming. Yeast infection of the vagina or penis. What are the symptoms of a yeast infection? A full skin examination may reveal a skin condition or disease in another site that gives a clue to why the vulva is itchy. And it may seem like more of a hassle than taking a pill.

Patch tests are sometimes performed to see whether any contact allergy is present.


Boric acid suppositories are available for purchase in pharmacies and online. Yeast infections are common during pregnancy. Foreign body vaginitis (most common foreign bodies are retained tampons or condoms) may cause extremely malodorous vaginal discharges. Keep in mind that burning or itching might increase temporarily, right after application.

Treatment for Vaginal Infections

Wearing tight-fitting, nonabsorbent pants or undergarments that hold in warmth and moisture. Streptococcus infections cause similar symptoms to nonspecific vulvovaginitis and are treated with amoxicillin. If you practice good genital hygiene, you can also help prevent infection.

Tips to help you get the most from a visit to your healthcare provider: Symptoms may be constant or occasional. Yeast infections are ridiculously common. Yeast infections. But 53 percent of women don't have a clue on how to deal with them, and two-thirds don't know how to cure them.

However itching outside the vagina (an area called the vulva) is more commonly caused by problems other than a yeast infection — everything from allergies, to dry genital tissues from lack of estrogen and often from other infections. A change in your vaginal discharge. But yours may be slightly different. Sugar is added to many processed foods so read the label to find out if sugar has been added to foods that you are eating. You've had vaginal infections before. Also know what the side effects are. Deadly yeast infection, sorry, we could not find any Health Center for your search. Psoriasis itching may feel worse at night if a person no longer has daytime distractions and focuses on the symptoms. The most common symptoms of a yeast infection are itching and vaginal discharge.