Vaginal Yeast Infections (for Teens)

Or is it forming to play defense against invading bacteria that has been found in the brains of people with Alzheimer’s? Change pads or tampons often. In that case, the symptoms could be related to something else, like an STI or bacterial vaginosis (White & Vanthuyne, 2020). A few of the most common causes of that disruption: So if you have the classic symptoms — fishy odor, abnormal discharge, and/or itching or burning — use the strip test to check your vagina's acidity level.

For vaginal yeast infections, there are oral probiotics as well as vaginal probiotic suppositories that may be more useful, but there is not solid evidence to recommend one over the other. 2 Because taking antibiotics can lead to vaginal candidiasis, take these medicines only when prescribed and exactly as your healthcare provider tells you. Don’t use scented products on your vulva. Candida albicans is a common fungus often harbored in the mouth, digestive tract, or vagina without causing adverse symptoms. Trichomoniasis usually is treated with a single dose of an antibiotic by mouth. Interactions between inflammation in the gut and candida may create a vicious cycle, leading to recurring intestinal issues. Blood or stool tests may also be used, but they are less accurate. Just because a medication once sold only by prescription is now available over the counter does not mean that patients know how and when to use it properly.

A few testing methods may be performed in a medical office or clinic by the healthcare practitioner, or a sample may be collected and sent to a laboratory.

Change your tampon or pad several times a day. This natural substance, available as a vaginally inserted capsule, can be effective in treating stubborn or chronic infections when other treatments fail, according to one published review. You can search disease or a specific drug or treatment you’re interested in, and you can filter by country where the study is taking place.

A sample of the vaginal discharge is placed on a glass slide with a drop of 10% potassium hydroxide (KOH). A yeast infection is when the yeast cells in the vagina multiply, throwing off the balance of the vaginal flora (which are the bacteria that live in the vagina). Alternatively, use lavender in a sitz bath. You can also get recurrent vaginitis if you don't finish your vaginitis treatment. Vaginitis is an irritation of your vagina or vulva.

How is BV diagnosed?

To diagnose thrush, a swab is usually taken from the back of throat and studied under a microscope for the presence of yeast. What are the treatments for vaginitis? There is a balance between a mix of good and bad bacteria, lactobacillus being one of the good bacterias that keep your vaginal pH more acidic. Chronic yeast infections: 11 common causes & solutions. Instead, stay nice and fresh with a mild soap (like Summer's Eve Feminine Wash for Sensitive Skin, $13; ) and grab some fragrance-free detergent when it comes time to wash your underwear. Read on to learn how to identify the underlying cause and determine whether you should see a doctor or other healthcare provider. While SIFO refers to fungal overgrowth in your gut, a similar condition called SIBO refers to bacterial overgrowth in the intestine.

Even with such common occurrences, we often make wrong assumptions and purchase products we do not actually need due to a lack of knowledge. These include your overall health, your personal hygiene, medicines, hormones (particularly estrogen), and the health of your sexual partner. This condition is called recurrent vulvovaginal candidiasis (RVVC).

Medicine choices Vaginal antifungal medicines, such as miconazole (Monistat) and tioconazole (Vagistat), are available in 1-day, 3-day, and longer courses, depending on the strength of the medicine. However, if you want to use an essential oil other than tea tree, please choose to use an essential oil that will be kind to such a sensitive area. Many women have infections that come back. If STDs are suspected, additional testing may be performed, such as: Sometimes a menstrual period will relieve the symptoms of a mild yeast infection. ” You might notice a slight odor with a yeast infection, she says, but it’s “not foul” like the one that accompanies BV. It’s best to avoid vaginal intercourse during your treatment and steer clear of inserting anything into your vagina that could harbor bacteria, like tampons, menstrual cups, and sex toys. Symptoms can include just about anything:

  • Unfortunately, elevated vaginal pH can be caused by a number of things including your period, because blood has a pH of 7.
  • How is trichomoniasis treated?
  • Be sure to see your doctor the first time you have symptoms of a yeast infection.
  • The type of discharge also yields important clues, he says.
  • 1 to 8), some hygiene products (even "pH-balanced" feminine washes have a pH of 5.
  • If you rely on home remedies or opt not to treat the yeast infection, symptoms can last for several weeks or more.

Learn About Your Body And Women’s Health

This is a pill that is taken orally for five to seven days. There are many dietary supplements on the market that claim to help with candida cleansing and support, but the majority of their ingredients do not have clinical studies to support their use. It's not always easy to figure out what's going on, though. It’s best to not have sex until a yeast infection is gone because sex can cause more discomfort, and the vaginal creams and suppositories may weaken latex condoms. What causes bacterial vaginosis? It’s like a destructive tsunami for your vagina, throwing your vaginal pH out of whack and potentially even pushing harmful bacteria into your uterus where they can cause more serious problems.

You shouldn’t rely on this article for specific medical advice. After having unprotected sex with a partner who has a yeast infection, you may have more than the normal amount of yeast in your vagina. Open search, wear cotton underwear. Do not use a douche, soap, or perfumed cleansers. Candida antigens can be presented to antigen-presenting cells, which may trigger cytokine production and activate lymphocytes and neutrophils that then cause inflammation and edema. Bacterial vaginosis refers to an overgrowth of certain types of bacteria that are normally present in the vagina and is not a sexually-transmitted infection (STD). A swab or small plastic loop can be used to collect sample cells from the vaginal wall. If you are having some of these uncomfortable symptoms, you could have bacterial vaginosis:

If you have a vaginal yeast infection and give birth vaginally, you may pass the yeast infection to the baby in the form of an oral infection called thrush. The three most common vaginal infections are bacterial vaginosis (BV), candida vaginitis (yeast infection) and trichomonas vaginitis (trich). And have her avoid clothing that’s too tight or made of materials like nylon that can trap heat and moisture (such as tight jeans, nylon underwear, and pantyhose). When you get home, follow all the directions on the package carefully. A man’s body does not have an equivalent place that provides a friendly ecosystem for organisms and microflora like anaerobic bacteria and lactobacilli to grow. Over-the-counter treatments are safe and often effective in treating yeast infections. The yeast can then overgrow.

It is the least common and comprises 3 percent to 5 percent of all vaginitis infections.

What Causes A Yeast Infection?

With yeast infections, discharge is usually thick, white, and odorless. If she does have a yeast infection, her doctor can prescribe a medication to take by mouth or a vaginal cream, tablet, or suppository that will quickly clear up the symptoms in a few days and the infection within a week. The wrong type of treatment can actually make your condition worse. Yeast can be present in the vagina and cause no problem or symptoms, but occasionally it overgrows and invades the vaginal tissue, leading to a yeast infection (2).

Thrush (Candida albicans)

Treating a yeast infection is simple, but it's important to visit your doctor for the right diagnosis, because other infections can cause similar symptoms but require different treatments. Trichomoniasis: Are not pregnant. The high estrogen levels caused by pregnancy or hormone therapy can also cause it. What is bacterial vaginosis? Infection occurs in about 30% of women who are taking a course of antibiotics by mouth. If you do have them, they include itching, burning, and soreness of the vagina and vulva. For most women who do have symptoms, the discharge is the only symptom.

It may be thin and milky, white or grayish, with a mild to strong, fishy odor, especially after sex.

What is the Difference between a Yeast Infection and Bacterial Vaginosis? To diagnose you correctly, your health care practitioner should take a vaginal swab for testing. A 2020 study found that women who started using hormonal IUDs or combined oral contraceptives increased their risk of yeast infections as well as bacterial vaginosis and trichomoniasis (Rezk, Sayyed, Masood, & Dawood, 2020). Yeast infections are an overgrowth of the yeast that you normally have in your body. For now, these are associations and hypotheses; much more research is needed to uncover how bacteria and fungi may be intricately related to Alzheimer’s. For example, do not douche. The symptoms of a yeast infection can be similar to other common vaginal infections such as bacterial vaginosis and trichomoniasis, so talking to a healthcare provider is a good idea to make sure the proper treatment is provided.

BV was formerly referred to as Gardnerella vaginitis, because people believed that Gardnerella bacteria were responsible for the condition.

If you are unfamiliar with your symptoms, see your doctor for an accurate diagnosis. Yeast thrives in moist and humid environments. Your doctor will do a pH test and assess your symptoms and may take a simple swab for examination under a microscope before providing a diagnosis.

  • If you think that you may have an STD and are having symptoms, it’s important to get safe and easy STD testing from a medical professional that you trust.
  • Men cannot get bacterial vaginosis.
  • Common diaper rash in infants and toddlers is most often a superficial infection caused by the same fungi as other yeast infections in moist parts of the body.
  • Garlic – Garlic has long been a source of treatment for a number of ailments because of its antibiotic, antibacterial, and antifungal properties.
  • Unfortunately, the mortality rate from invasive candida remains high, and there are emerging cases of drug-resistant candida, meaning that even after treatment with traditional antifungal medications, the infection persists (CDC, 2020).
  • Mix two to three drops of Melaleuca alternifolia in 5 mL of cold-pressed vegetable oil, such as oil of evening primrose or sweet almond oil.
  • Wait, your sweet tooth may be causing issues with your — vagina?

Treatment of Infectious Diseases

It is also complicated if coupled with pregnancy, poorly controlled diabetes, poor immune function, or the thrush is not caused by Candida albicans. Many women continue to treat themselves with over-the-counter medication but don’t fully clear the infection. Typically, beneficial vaginal bacteria like Lactobacillus help keep other organisms (like the yeast) under control. But while it’s true that they are similar below-the-belt issues, they’re ultimately different conditions with slightly different symptoms. If the pH balance becomes less acidic however, this can affect the health of your vagina. If you are pregnant, BV or trichomoniasis can increase your risk for preterm labor and preterm birth.

You could have an infection caused by bacteria, yeast, or viruses. If you have vaginitis 4 or more times in a year, it’s called recurrent vaginitis. Bacterial vaginosis (BV) also increases the risk of developing a sexually transmitted infection (STI). Wear underwear that helps keep your genital area dry and doesn't hold in warmth and moisture. But eating foods that contain lactobacillus can be part of a healthy diet. Whether treatment should be continued during your menstrual period. A sample of vaginal discharge can be taken during a wet mount test. It is often reported that 3 in 4 women will experience at least one vaginal yeast infection in their lifetime and 1 in 2 will have more than one.

If left untreated, a yeast infection in a man may go away on its own. This may look like white, brown, or yellow nails that may break easily or start to crumble. While a yeast infection can be treated with over the counter products or may go away on its own, bacterial vaginosis may need to be treated with prescription medication. Sources include: Control diabetes. If you do get BV, remember you’re not alone. If those levels rise, it means there’s not enough Lactobacillus and too much of the less-friendly bacteria.

Can Perimenopause Cause Yeast Infections?

If more than the normal amount of yeast grows in the sample over a short period of time (a few days), then your symptoms are likely caused by a yeast infection. Don't clean it at all—you should never put any cleaning products up there. The use of probiotics in the vagina or by mouth along with using an antifungal medication may slightly increase the chance of curing a yeast infection, compared to using an antifungal medication alone (10). Douching, sprays, powders, and soaps. Treatment includes oral or intravenous fluconazole, intravenous amphotericin B, or oral flucytosine. If your vaginitis is due to an allergy or sensitivity to a product, you need to figure out which product is causing the problem.

In certain situations, your doctor may also prescribe long-term vaginal boric acid suppositories.

Vaginitis has various causes. While it's not considered an STD, as previously mentioned, having unprotected sex while you're dealing with an infection can lead to an itchy rash on your guy's penis. Here are the main types of yeast infections: But before you go self-diagnosing, consider this: Wear cotton underwear and avoid thongs or tight pants.

Don’t panic—BV isn’t serious, it just means the delicate bacterial ecosystem inside your vagina is out of balance.


This fungus may increase with illness, the use of antibiotics or changes to hormonal levels. Bacterial vaginosis is most often treated with an antibiotic medication, while a yeast infection is treated with an antifungal medication like fluconazole or clotrimazole (delivered orally or vaginally). Yeast infections (also known as candidiasis) are common infections caused by Candida albicans yeast, which is a type of fungus. In any case, every time you think you have a yeast infection or are suffering with similar symptoms, you may want to consider seeing a medical professional to ensure that you get a proper diagnosis and treatment, especially if you are pregnant. But, when the beneficial bacteria cannot keep up and bad bacteria overgrow, you can get a bacterial infection, or Bacterial Vaginosis (BV). Vaginal yeast infections can cause pain, itching, redness, a thick white vaginal discharge, pain during urination (peeing), and sometimes whitish patches on the skin of the vaginal area. This is a very serious type of Candida infection affecting the blood, brain, bones, eyes, heart, or other parts of the body, according to the U.

What are the symptoms? They synthesize vitamins, break down food into essential nutrients, and regulate our immune system. Lopez JEM (2020). Atrophic vaginitis is treated with estrogen, which can be applied as a vaginal cream, ring, or tablet. Another 2020 study found that women who used hormonal or nonhormonal (copper) IUDs had more vaginal candida compared to women who took progesterone-only oral contraceptive pills (Donders et al. )If you go for a sweaty work out or swim, change out of wet clothes ASAP. But nobody really knows what causes Alzheimer’s—it’s probably some mix of genetic, lifestyle, and environmental factors that cause certain proteins (called amyloid and tau) to accumulate and form large deposits of plaque on the brain.

When oral thrush spreads to the esophagus, it makes swallowing difficult or painful. ” If over-the-counter treatments do not work or if you have recurrent yeast infections, your doctor can prescribe other medications. Is hidden fungus making you ill?, adding just a drop of tea tree oil to that mixture can also help due to its anti fungal and antiseptic properties. Should I use an over-the-counter medication to treat a yeast infection? Other times, vaginitis is accompanied by pain and discomfort, which may point to a yeast infection or bacterial vaginosis. It is seen as the most effective treatment, and the preferred treatment if the woman is breastfeeding or pregnant.

Your answers indicate that you might have the symptoms of Trichomoniasis

Symptoms of a man with a yeast infection may include: Vaginal yeast infections are common among growing girls, and about 75% of all females will have a yeast infection at some point in their lives. Have lower abdominal pain and a fever higher than 101°F (38. )But there are other kinds of yeast infections that can affect skin all over the body. You may experience itching, burning when you pee and abnormal discharge. Bacterial vaginosis is the most common cause of vaginal discharge in women of reproductive age. Yeast infections produce a thick, white discharge from the vagina that can look like cottage cheese.

  • A yeast infection, also known as candida vulvovaginitis, is usually brought on by an overgrowth of a fungus called Candida albicans.
  • Both yeast infections and BV are vaginal infections and are common causes of vaginal discharge, but the two conditions are not the same, and they require different treatments.
  • Essential oils high in oxides can be uncomfortable when applied to irritated or abraded vaginal tissue.
  • Unfortunately, vaginal infections are a fact of life that most women will experience some time or another.
  • Your vagina and/or vulva is red, irritated, swollen, or uncomfortable.

Fungal Nail Infection

Are having a recurrent infection. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The OWH helpline does not provide medical advice. Being overweight. BV alone is not considered harmful, but complications can arise. If your discharge looks like cottage cheese, a yeast infection may be to blame. Will my Pap smear diagnose a vaginal infection? Have pain during sex or urination.

Antibiotics such as metronidazole and clindamycin may be prescribed. “There are some very good medications for yeast infections available right over the counter,” Dr. 2 Sometimes, Candida can multiply and cause an infection if the environment inside the vagina changes in a way that encourages its growth. Doctors can prescribe additional doses to treat severe or recurrent infections. The vagina is self-cleaning, so there’s no need to invest in any fancy washes or worry too much about it. He or she may do some tests to see if your yeast infections are being caused by another health problem, such as diabetes. 2 million (that’s nearly 30 percent) of women ages 14–49 have experienced BV. These so-called good bacteria keep the acidity, or “pH,” of the vagina low, and that can keep yeast in the vagina from running amok and causing infection.

How Is A Vaginal Yeast Infection Diagnosed?

You should also stay away from scented products. In addition, vaginal discharge may be a symptom of more serious gynecological diseases and should be evaluated through a professional examination. Yeast infections can happen to any girl, and they’re not considered sexually transmitted infections — although they may be able to be spread from one sexual partner to the other.

The symptoms you will likely experience are itchiness and irritation of the vagina along with white to light yellow discharge that has a cottage like consistency.

Antibiotic medication Antibiotics are effective in up to 90 percent of cases, but BV often comes back again within a few weeks. If left untreated, bacterial vaginosis can lead to further risk of complications such as an ovarian infection, fallopian tube infection, uterine infection, or pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). Have an unusual vaginal discharge, and this is the first time you have had an infection that might be a vaginal yeast infection. MMWR, 64(RR-03): Yeast infection A mild yeast infection may go away without treatment. These treatments include more doses of fluconazole taken by mouth or other medicines applied inside the vagina, such as boric acid, nystatin, or flucytosine.

Bacterial vaginosis can be treated with garlic by making a paste or simply by eating a clove on a daily basis.

What Are The Symptoms Of A Yeast Infection?

Rinse with plain water after 30 minutes. Women who are more likely to get vaginal candidiasis include those who: What are the symptoms of trichomoniasis? If it seems like you're always getting another yeast infection, you may want to monitor your diet and skip out on too much of the sugary stuff. Physician assistants. Cranberry juice might be doing more harm than good.

Yeast also can flourish if a girl’s blood sugar is high.


Vaginal candidiasis is common, though more research is needed to understand how many women are affected. What can cause vaginitis? A yeast infection in the vagina is known as vulvovaginal candidiasis (pronounced: )

However, BV is not considered an STI. What is candida or "yeast" infections? It is referred to as bacterial vaginosis and is the most common type of vaginitis. Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is the name of a condition in women where the normal balance of bacteria in the vagina is disrupted and replaced by an overgrowth of certain bacteria.

Genital/vulvovaginal Candidiasis (VVC): If your daughter is experiencing any symptoms of a yeast infection, like itchiness or abnormal vaginal discharge, she should see her doctor or gynecologist. The treatment for trichomoniasis is usually a single-dose antibiotic. If you know that it is a yeast infection from past experience and are familiar with the symptoms, try MONISTAT®. This means that approximately 3 million women in the United States alone have recurrent candidial infections (Wilson 2020). Keep your vaginal area clean. How to get rid of yeast infection-home remedy treatment, experiment with cutting back on refined sugars. If not, it could be a bacterial infection that requires antibiotics and a chat with your ob-gyn, like bacterial vaginosis or trichomoniasis. A decrease in the number of normal bacterial cells such as Lactobacillus species is associated with bacterial vaginosis.


Treating yourself for a yeast infection when you actually have another type of infection may make the problem much worse. Itching is a telltale sign, explains Bilal Kaaki, MD, a specialist in female pelvic medicine and reconstructive surgery at UnityPoint Health in Cedar Falls and Waterloo, Iowa. Have any other symptoms that may point to a vaginal infection. But in general, it’s a compelling sign when research results can be repeated. Or instead, you may try putting a cool, damp cloth on the area. RepHresh Vaginal Gel is clinically shown to maintain healthy vaginal pH. The researchers, led by Mahmoud Ghannoum, PhD, are working on developing a novel probiotic (with the digestive enzyme amylase) that would break apart these biofilms and provide relief for patients with Crohn’s and other gastrointestinal issues (Hager et al. )While most cases can be treated with an IV of echinocandin, several cases have been found to spread from skin contact even after treatment, and other cases may be completely resistant to treatment with the three classes of antifungal medications.

You can add it to a cup of tea or a glass of water sip it throughout the day or once in the morning. Additionally, MONISTAT® products will work with less drug resistance and fewer drug interactions than the oral pill. The vulva may be red and swollen.

  • Between 40% and 50% of these women will have recurrent episodes, and 5% to 8% will experience chronic candida infections.
  • 3 For most infections, the treatment is an antifungal medicine applied inside the vagina or a single dose of fluconazole taken by mouth.
  • Young girls who haven’t gone through puberty yet are less likely to get yeast infections, but they can happen.
  • A small 2020 study found that oral contraceptives containing estrogen were associated with increased candida counts in the mouth, suggesting that hormones effects on candida are not just localized to the vagina area (Aminzadeh, Sabeti Sanat, & Nik Akhtar, 2020).
  • The functional group alcohol is kinder on abraded vaginal tissue.
  • Most women have been there.

What Treatments Are Available For Vaginal Yeast Infection?

Many women notice a vaginal discharge that resembles cottage cheese; however, the discharge can also be thin or milky. Another common type of vaginitis results from vaginal yeast infections. In healthy women, vaginal pH is typically 3. 4 The number of vaginal candidiasis cases in the United States is unknown. According to the CDC, “[o]veruse of these medications can increase the chance that they will eventually not work because the yeast can become resistant to treatment. It is sometimes accompanied by discharge, odor, pain, itching or burning. When everything is at it should be, the “good” bacteria (lactobacilli) outnumber the “bad” bacteria (anaerobes). Things that lead to vaginitis include:

Your health care professional also may suggest other tests.

While there have been no scientific studies to confirm this (see the lifestyle section), eating a healthier diet with less processed food and added sugars will almost certainly help you feel better, whether mentally or physically, and there seems to be little risk involved. Most infections related to fungal overgrowth are caused by a yeast known as candida. It’s rare to see the problem before puberty or after menopause. ” If you have a male partner, she adds that the introduction of sperm into the vaginal environment could even worsen symptoms because of the fact that sperm can further alter the vagina’s pH. Although people with penises can’t get BV, researchers aren’t sure if partners with penises can spread BV to other partners with vaginas. Our gut creates much of our serotonin, and researchers have begun to figure out how your gut microbiome is related to depression and other mood disorders.

If you believe that you have a vaginal infection, the best course of action would be to visit your doctor.

A 2020 study by researchers in Spain compared the brains of Alzheimer’s patients to healthy controls. Stress, pregnancy, and illnesses that affect the immune system may allow yeast to multiply. Tea tree oil and vaginal infections, pharmazie 2020;56(4):. It may result from bacterial infections, fungal infection, protozoan infection, contact dermatitis or even an allergic reaction.

How can I lower my risk of BV?

If you have any of these symptoms, discuss them with you doctor or nurse so that you can be tested. And in the absence of beneficial gut bacteria, certain strains of bacteria, viruses, or fungi can begin to overproduce, creating various health problems. One small study showed that among women who believed they had a yeast infection, only 1 out of 3 of them actually had one, and women who had been diagnosed in the past by a healthcare provider weren’t any better at correctly making the diagnosis (7). Unfortunately the oral antibiotics can then cause a yeast infection! For more information on BV, visit KeepHerAwesome.

But if after having sex you develop a yeast infection that causes symptoms, it is most likely because other things are also involved. See your doctor if you aren't sure what you have or if this is the first time you have had these symptoms. Bacterial vaginosis (gardnerella vaginitis), symptoms can include:. If you are thinking about using nonprescription treatment, see: That's also more likely to cause itching and burning, though bacterial vaginosis might make you itchy, too.

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Having a condition such as poorly controlled diabetes or HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) can lead to too much yeast growing in the vagina. Vaginal discharge is checked for pH. A 2020 survey by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimated 21. Diagnosing vaginitis and vaginosis depends on your age and your risk factors for infection.

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Often, BV goes away by itself, within a few days or weeks. Do not rub to try to relieve itching. Both infections are treated in two common ways, either with a local treatment (a medication you apply directly to the vagina) or a systemic treatment (a medication you take orally), explains Dr. The discharge is quite different from that of a yeast infection. Treatment for thrush is considered to have failed if the symptoms do not clear within 7–14 days. Yeast can thrive in moist, dark environments, so clothing (especially underwear) that is too tight or made of materials like nylon that trap heat and moisture might lead to yeast infections. There are other conditions with similar symptoms, such as bacterial vaginosis or a sexually transmitted infection (STI). PID increases a woman's risk of infertility, pelvic scarring, chronic pelvic pain, and ectopic pregnancy.

Like a yeast infection, it happens when the balance of bacteria in the vagina changes, causing an overgrowth of “bad” bacteria vs healthy bacteria (lactobacillus is one of the most well-known healthy bacteria found in the vagina… and yes, it’s the same bacteria you can find in yogurt or a probiotic). Change out of a wet swimsuit right away. There are two ways to cure a yeast infection—vaginally (an over-the-counter or prescription topical treatment) and orally (a pill, only available by prescription). Everyone’s body is different, so things that lead to irritation in some people don’t cause problems for others. Good control of blood sugar levels decreases the risk of yeast infections anywhere on your body. You could have BV (or bacterial vaginosis, if you want to get clinical). The database consists of all privately and publicly funded studies that are happening around the globe.

Another option is to apply some plain yogurt to a tampon and insert it into your vagina before bedtime. If you practice good genital hygiene, you can help prevent infection. Kelly-Jones says she often prescribes medications for patients over the phone based on their symptoms, so that may be an option if you can’t snag an in-office appointment — but this may not be possible if you’re a new patient. This article will focus on the similarities and differences between vaginal yeast infections and bacterial vaginosis (BV), another condition of the vagina that causes vaginal discharge. 2 An estimated 1. Sometimes BV can appear and disappear for no apparent reason. Some people get vaginitis a lot. When they cause an infection in the vagina, it is known as vulvovaginal candidiasis.