Types Of Yeast Infections And How To Treat Them

You might have a rare yeast infection strain.

A vaginal yeast infection is a fungal infection that causes burning, itchiness and a thick white cottage cheese-like discharge. Almost 15% of the women in the Iranian study had even rarer yeast types (such as Candida tropicalis, Candida krusei, Candida parapsilosis, and Candida guilliermondii), and 1 in 10 women in the study had 2 or more types of Candida fungus at the same time. While yeast infections in babies are usually harmless, they can lead to more serious infections when left untreated. 1 suggests an underlying infection. Have any other symptoms that may point to a vaginal infection. Candida albicans is the most common type of fungus to cause yeast infections. The vulva and vagina are very sensitive thanks to lots of nerve endings. Physician assistants.

Consider that another reason to get your blood sugar and/or diabetes under control, be it through medications, exercise, or diet.

You are not sure that you have a yeast infection. Initial data3 suggested that women with a prior diagnosis of vulvovaginal candidiasis were able to make an accurate diagnosis up to 82 percent of the time based on symptoms alone. Under normal circumstances, a vaginal yeast infection is not serious and can be treated with medications. Here's are the best ways to prevent and treat yeast infections. Avoid staying in hot tubs or hot baths for long periods of time. These conditions can alter the body's metabolic balance and vaginal acidity, and promote the growth of the fungus. How is yeast infection diagnosed?

Most yeast infections are caused by a type of yeast called Candida albicans. The intestinal reservoir theory suggests that the recurrences are a result of persistence of the organism in the gastrointestinal tract and later reinfection of the vagina. Goodrx, fungi are all around us. When I look back and try to figure out what happened in my situation, I can think of a few factors that may have contributed:

Whether you should avoid sexual intercourse if you are using vaginal medicine. Vaginal yeast infections can cause: Medications are available that work against rare strains. If your symptoms are mild, you may want to wait to see if they clear up on their own. A vaginal culture. I preferred eating salmon and salads over my usual choice of chicken fingers and fries—though I still enjoy them from time to time. Then one day, I decided to check out a holistic medical center near my home in New York City. Yeast infections can develop both inside the vagina and on the external tissue called the vulva.

  • These cells go to a lab for examination.
  • But it's possible that rather than developing a new infection each month, the previous infection was never resolved.
  • The rationale is that reinfection from an intestinal reservoir contributes to vaginal recurrences.


Patients who are hospitalized or have previously taken antibiotics or antifungals are at the highest risk. You may also notice a red rash, especially around the vulva or anywhere on the penis. These medicines upset the normal balance between yeast and bacteria in the vagina. It’s an unfortunate domino effect that women with RVCC may experience. She’s a feminist and animal lover who lives in Northeast Ohio with her partner, two rabbits and a black cat named Wanda. Yeast infections are simple to diagnose. Patients who self-diagnose may miss other causes or concurrent infections.

Yeast infections are not only annoying, they are very common. Tracking candida auris, if you tested positive for C. Yeast also can flourish if a girl’s blood sugar is high. The researchers, led by Mahmoud Ghannoum, PhD, are working on developing a novel probiotic (with the digestive enzyme amylase) that would break apart these biofilms and provide relief for patients with Crohn’s and other gastrointestinal issues (Hager et al. )Vaginal clotrimazole therapy has a more favorable side effect profile, causing mostly local discomfort, with little systemic toxicity (headache 9% and abdominal pain 3% of patients treated). A type of vaginal infection caused by a one-celled organism that is usually transmitted through sex.

It’s no surprise, then, that Dr. They’re convenient, but if you don’t have a yeast infection they may not give you relief, and, if you use them too much, you could kill off good bacteria and end up with even more yeast overgrowth. Candida infection of the skin: medlineplus medical encyclopedia, other skin problems happen mostly or only to people with diabetes. Having a condition such as poorly controlled diabetes or HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) can lead to too much yeast growing in the vagina.

If the balance of these microorganisms becomes upset, C albicans may be allowed to grow uncontrollably and lead to symptoms.


The number of cases of vaginal yeast infection is not entirely clear because it is not a reportable disease and it is commonly diagnosed clinically without laboratory confirmation. Not only will you alleviate uncomfortable symptoms, but you can also reduce the chances of the infection becoming more widespread in your body. However, most studies do not support a role for dietary factors in the etiology of recurrences, and adherence to strict diets has not been beneficial. But many women think that they have a yeast infection when they actually have another problem. An example is estrogen, which controls the function of female reproductive organs. I wasn’t hungry all the time, I was sleeping better, I had more energy than I had in years, and most importantly, the yeast infections stopped.

Lifestyle Changes for Yeast Infections

There are other conditions with similar symptoms, such as bacterial vaginosis or a sexually transmitted infection (STI). You can find clinical studies that are recruiting subjects on clinicaltrials. Types of Yeast Infections and How to Treat Them Yeast can affect nearly any part of your body—your skin, nails, mouth, genitals, or even bloodstream. To my surprise, I lost 15 pounds, my acne went away completely, and my hair and nails were longer and healthier. Your doctor will examine your vaginal walls and cervix. If something disrupts the balance of your vagina’s pH, yeast can get out of control and cause an infection, Sherry A. In a study of the makeup of healthy people’s gastrointestinal tracts, their mycobiomes contained a total of 184 fungal species, which were mostly candida species (Mukherjee et al. )

A girl's immune system is weakened (from an illness or medicines like chemotherapy.

There is no set amount of time to follow the diet; some people feel better after a month being on it, while others see their symptoms clear up after three months, Salzarulo says. Excess estrogen can promote higher levels of glycogen (a stored form of glucose, also known as sugar) in the vagina. Problems with your immune system that affect the normal balance of yeast and bacteria in the body. Trichomoniasis, 1) that affects the vagina (Pic. Interactions between inflammation in the gut and candida may create a vicious cycle, leading to recurring intestinal issues. Can vaginal yeast infections be prevented? A yeast infection during pregnancy isn’t always treated in the same way as in nonpregnant women. One small study2 of 33 women showed a decrease in yeast colonization of the vagina when women ate 8 oz.

If you are taking the anticoagulant medicine warfarin and you use a nonprescription vaginal yeast-fighting medicine, you may have increased bruising and abnormal bleeding. A 2020 study found that eating carbohydrates was associated with more candida; however, it wasn’t determined whether the culprit was all carbs or just sugars (Hoffmann et al. )Transmitting the infection back and forth Candida infections can happen on other areas of skin and in the mouth. It’s your choice which suppository length you prefer, from 1-day to 7-day treatment. (If you don’t have problems, there’s no reason to stop doing or using any of these things, she says.) Use of some types of antibiotics increase your risk of a yeast infection. Antibiotics should be used only when a doctor prescribes them for a bacterial infection.

Eating Habits

Patients are more likely to comply when antifungal therapy is administered orally, but oral treatment carries a greater potential for systemic toxicity and drug interactions. If this is the case, a doctor may prescribe a stronger antifungal medication. A vaginal yeast infection is not considered to be a sexually transmitted disease (STD), since Candida may be present in the normal vagina, and the condition does occur in celibate women. Allicin, a compound extracted from garlic, has been found to kill yeast in the lab and in animal studies. However, in the rare case that it does happen, men may experience inflammation of the head of the penis, redness, itching, burning, white patches on the skin, and white, liquid substances on the skin of the penis. If those bacteria don’t work well, or get killed by repetitive use of anti-fungal creams — or even antibiotics for bad colds that you think are sinus infections — that can allow yeast to grow out of control. According to the CDC, 75 percent of women will have at least one yeast infection in their life and 40 to 45 percent will have two or more.

What Is A Yeast Infection?

There are a number of reasons for treatment failure. Consider consulting a dentist or doctor for tips. This may include weekly oral or vaginal medications for up to six months. If needed, your doctor might order a vaginal fluid test.

You can prevent some yeast infections by doing these things: An uncomplicated yeast infection can be treated with any one of the many available antifungal medications (both prescription and over-the-counter), which all have about the same success rate of 80-90%1. Topical antifungals are safe to use during pregnancy. This can happen because of hormones, medicines, or changes in the immune system. (5) Candida infection around the nails (Candidal Paronichia). Keeping the area clean and dry may help prevent an infection, but if symptoms do show up, a doctor can treat the infection.

Can Yeast Infections Be Prevented Or Avoided?

And if you have an urgent medical question, please contact your doctor or a local health center. Every woman has a different, specific combination of bacterias, so if something new—like semen—disrupts the balance of your vaginal environment or pH, a yeast infection might result. Your doctor can give you the right diagnosis so that you can be treated appropriately. If you're not feeling better within a few days of finishing treatment, call your doctor. Three primary theories have been proposed to explain why some women develop RVVC. Yeast infections are easily treated with over-the-counter medications or the prescription pill Diflucan and usually clear up in a week or less, but only if you finish the whole course of treatment. Using an antifungal product when you have bacterial vaginosis, may make your infection worse. While it’s possible to have one or the other, or even both infections at the same time, UTIs and yeast infections are two different conditions.

Among the complications include fertility issues and premature delivery (if you get infected while pregnant), and a higher risk of contracting STIs. Of course, see your doc no matter what. Sexual activity While not classified as a sexually transmitted infection (STI), it’s possible to pass yeast infections back and forth between sexual partners. This article is for informational purposes only, even if and to the extent that it features the advice of physicians and medical practitioners. You may need more aggressive treatment to kill all of the candida, or it may be “azole resistant”—meaning resistant to miconazole, fluconazole, or similar antifungal medications. Yeast infections can be easily treated with ointments or other anti-yeast (antifungal) creams.

“This isn’t universal, but we suggest that some women who tend to be more prone to yeast infections wear cotton underwear because it’s more breathable,” Sasan says. Drug-resistant strains of yeast While rare, a species of yeast that’s able to resist common medications may be behind your chronic yeast infection. Vaginal yeast infections are common among growing girls, and about 75% of all females will have a yeast infection at some point in their lives. You can also shower after intercourse (but don’t douche) to keep Candida at bay. You can pass a yeast infection during oral or vaginal intercourse. I'd treat each one with over-the-counter creams, and then just when I thought one was finally gone and my life was back to normal, the pain and itching would start again. Burke suggests several potential reasons:

  • This means they get more than 4 vaginal yeast infections in a year.
  • Or there may be no symptoms at all.
  • Antibiotics can kill too much "good" bacteria and result in too much yeast growing in the vagina, sometimes causing symptoms of a yeast infection.
  • Other kinds of fungus can cause yeast infections, too, but antifungal treatments usually only target the most common one.
  • Although RVVC is more common in women who have diabetes or problems with their immune system, most women with RVVC have no underlying medical illness that would predispose them to recurrent candida infections.
  • BTW, if you’re having frequent infections (3 times a year or more), you should definitely go see your provider and find out what’s up.
  • Physiologic discharge Chronic white discharge, unchanged with past therapies Mild acid odor Flocculent or thick white discharge Normal pH Normal microscopy Negative fungal culture None Further questions about the primary location of symptoms (vulva, introitus or deep vaginal), variation of symptoms with the menstrual cycle, attempts at self-treatment and response to prior therapies will further clarify the clinical history.

Treatment for Yeast Infections

Also see your doctor if you are pregnant. While yeast infections won’t hurt your baby, it’s possible to pass the Candida fungus to them during delivery. Unfortunately, having sex can also promote yeast infections, although yeast infections aren’t considered a sexually transmitted infection, the Mayo Clinic notes. You can search disease or a specific drug or treatment you’re interested in, and you can filter by country where the study is taking place. Microscopic examination of vaginal secretions in a 10 percent KOH preparation may demonstrate hyphae. If you have never been diagnosed with a vaginal yeast infection, see your doctor. Yeast infections happen. Symptoms of a vaginal yeast infection are more likely to occur during the week before a menstrual period.

Yeast Infection Symptoms

Change pads or tampons often. You might need a longer course of yeast infection treatment. It’s not clear what exactly causes SIFO, but people who use proton pump inhibitors may be at a higher risk for it. If left untreated, it can increase the risk for sexually transmitted diseases and pregnancy complications. 7 A randomized, controlled trial evaluated the effect that treating male sexual partners with oral ketoconazole had on the recurrence rates for vulvovaginal candidiasis. There is little data to support probiotic use.

This is the type of fungus that most commonly causes yeast infections, per the Mayo Clinic. Imidazole antifungal agents, such as miconazole and clotrimazole are most commonly use against Candida albicans infections, but they are not as effective against other Candida strains. In these cases, itching can become so severe that it causes swelling and sores. By feeding your gut bacteria with high-fiber foods and supplementing with probiotics when needed, you’re encouraging “good” bacteria to thrive and play defense against overgrowth of harmful bacteria and fungi. We hate to kill the mood, but those prone to yeast infections might have noticed that their symptoms flair when they are intimate with a new partner. The most common symptoms of a yeast infection are itching and burning of the area outside the vagina called the vulva.