Yeast Infection: Vaginal Yeast Infection Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

The good news is when a yeast infection flares up, you're not at risk for any other health conditions.

This ensures that your symptoms are definitely related to Candida overgrowth and not another more serious condition. There are also treatments that are not appropriate during pregnancy. If you see no improvement within three days, or if symptoms worsen or come back after treatment, you should contact your healthcare provider again. Its primary causes are bacterial imbalances from douching and sex — it’s not a fungal infection like a typical yeast infection is. He/she will make a diagnosis, determine if a related health condition is also involved, and together with you, choose the best course of treatment so you can soon get relief and feel better.

You can pass a yeast infection during oral or vaginal intercourse. Still, over time, it is likely that more and more vaginal testing will move to these molecular methods. Although a yeast infection can cause severe itching, pain, and soreness, it's not likely to lead to serious health problems. This ensures that you aren’t just experiencing a normal part of your menstrual cycle. The most common bacteria, Lactobacillus acidophilus, help keep other organisms—like the yeast—under control. – a 2020 study found a connection between women with Type 2 Diabetes and a likelihood of developing vaginal yeast infections. Vulvovaginal candidiasis section of Sexually transmitted diseases treatment guidelines 2020.

Yeast thrives in warm, moist, protected areas.

– May indicate a Sexually Transmitted Infection or Disease, including herpes and trichomoniasis. You might think using scented soaps, douching, and washing your laundry — delicates, in particular — is good for your nether regions, but that's not the case, says the Cleveland Clinic. A girl usually notices certain things if she has a vaginal yeast infection. The fungus candida albicans is responsible for most vaginal yeast infections. Yeast infections can come back if not treated correctly.

  • If left untreated, yeast infections can pass to your baby’s mouth during delivery.
  • In the case of a yeast infection, however, killing off healthy bacteria will continue to stimulate the growth of yeast.
  • How does my body look in this position?
  • How can I prevent vaginal candidiasis?
  • Blood in your stool/near your vulva – Also a symptom of hemorrhoids.
  • Vaginal yeast infection, also known as candidal vulvovaginitis and vaginal thrush, is excessive growth of yeast in the vagina that results in irritation.

Which Symptoms may NOT be Associated with a Yeast Infection?

If you notice things looking a little different down there, pay attention. However, if after having sex you develop a yeast infection with symptoms, it is most likely because other health factors are involved. Have not been exposed to a sexually transmitted infection (STI) , which would require a medical exam. There are many underlying risk factors of a yeast infection, with sexual intercourse being just one of them.

Having a condition such as poorly controlled diabetes or can lead to too much yeast growing in the vagina.

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What are the symptoms of yeast infections? Every time I’m on antibiotics, I get a yeast infection. Other treatments may be needed for infections that are more severe, that don’t get better, or that keep coming back after getting better.

If you are a woman and get vaginal yeast infections often, you may want to take probiotics. Just because a medication once sold only by prescription is now available over the counter does not mean that patients know how and when to use it properly. Contact your doctor immediately should you experience this. That’s because other conditions can mimic yeast, explains Ob/Gyn Salena Zanotti, MD. Here’s what’s up with UTIs.

  • Don't douche or use deodorant tampons or feminine sprays, powders, or perfumes.
  • If it comes back normal after 10 seconds, it's likely a yeast infection, so grab an anti-fungal cream for treatment.
  • Gynecologists.
  • The symptoms of a yeast infection in men may not be as prominent, though you might see redness and white patches along the penis as well as burning and itchy sensations.

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Continue to have symptoms despite home treatment with a nonprescription medicine. This often happens when the (delightful) messiness of sex transports gastrointestinal bacteria like E. Taking antibiotics could exacerbate your symptoms and turn a yeast infection into a more serious health issue. So can the high estrogen levels caused by pregnancy or hormone therapy. BV It’s common for BV symptoms to come back within 3 to 12 months of treatment. Yeast infection occurs when the normal levels of acid and yeast in the vagina are out of balance, which allows the yeast to overgrow causing an uncomfortable, but not serious, a condition called a yeast infection. You won’t “catch” the infection by air or by using the same shower as someone with the infection, for example.

Does My Sexual Partner Need To Be Treated?

The vagina normally contains a healthy balance of bacteria and yeast. Be comfortable enough with your body to not let apparent issues fall to the wayside. Neither is typically cause for concern.

Three out of four women will get a vaginal yeast infection during their life. Before using a VYI treatment, you should see your doctor notably if : That’s because antibiotics kill the healthy bacteria in your body that normally keep the yeast in balance. Yeast infections are treated with medicated ointments or other anti-yeast (antifungal) preparations. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), Office on Women's Health: Canesbalance vaginal gel helps effectively relieve the unpleasant odour and abnormal discharge of BV, and helps support healthy vaginal flora by restoring vaginal pH. Vaginal yeast infection signs, symptoms, tests & diagnosis. These items can change the normal balance of organisms in your vagina. Is it a yeast infection or a UTI?

This is not an indication of a security issue such as a virus or attack.

What are the Causes of a Yeast Infection?

The number of cases of vaginal yeast infection is not entirely clear because it is not a reportable disease and it is commonly diagnosed clinically without laboratory confirmation. There’s no noticeable discharge, but you might see a small amount of blood in your urine. Do you have a urinary tract infection (UTI) or a yeast infection or something else entirely? Use good oral hygiene to help prevent yeast infection in your mouth (thrush). However, that discharge alone is not enough to diagnose a vaginal yeast infection. Am I going to orgasm? If you have pelvic pain or fever, get an evaluation by a doctor.

Are having a recurrent infection. A sex partner of someone diagnosed with a yeast infection does not need to be treated, unless they are experiencing symptoms of a yeast infection themself (6). What are the symptoms of a yeast infection?

Why did I get a yeast infection?

It is used in various pharmaceutical products and is also available without a prescription. The use of probiotics in the vagina or by mouth along with using an antifungal medication may slightly increase the chance of curing a yeast infection, compared to using an antifungal medication alone (10). Certain bacteria (lactobacillus) act to prevent an overgrowth of yeast. Creams are applied topically while suppositories are inserted into the vagina where they dissolve. Intense vaginal itching. Science has not backed all home remedies, but recent studies have medically tested the following methods: These bacteria kill harmful organisms in the vagina and keep you healthy. STIs like herpes, gonorrhea, chlamydia, and mycoplasma can also infect and irritate the urethra, the Mayo Clinic explains (so treating the STI could potentially address your UTI as well).

Understanding how to prevent, identify, and treat a yeast infection will help you maintain your health and get you to start feeling back to normal. These two conditions don’t always cause symptoms, but when they do, they can manifest as a frequent urge to pee (especially torturous because you’re usually producing very little urine with a UTI), cloudy urine, blood in your urine, and pelvic pain or pressure, according to the Mayo Clinic. The most common yeast infection in a baby is a diaper rash. Wear underwear that helps keep your genital area dry and doesn’t hold in warmth and moisture (cotton is best). Douching is not effective for treating yeast, and can actually increase the risk of getting STIs, HIV, pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) and other vaginal infections like bacterial vaginosis (9,11,12). Lab tests are usually ordered for women who have yeast infections on a regular basis or for infections that won’t go away.

The smear is taken by the patient but the doctor still looks at it under a microscope. This is your first time experiencing the symptoms of a yeast infection. Also called vaginal candidiasis, vaginal yeast infection affects up to 3 out of 4 women at some point in their lifetimes. Ross, MD, a Los Angeles-based ob-gyn and author of Sheology. Just because you don't have symptoms doesn't mean you don't have an infection. How is a yeast infection treated? In this article, we look at how long a yeast infection can last without treatment, as well as recovery times for both over-the-counter and home treatment options.


Please call 911 or go to the nearest emergency room if you are experiencing a medical emergency. While tea tree oil may be effective, it may not be as fast-acting as over-the-counter options. If you suspect a yeast infection that doesn’t get better quickly or BV, talk to your primary care doctor or OB-GYN. How to tell a yeast infection has gone Once the symptoms resolve, the yeast infection should be gone. It's also different from a bacterial infection. Throughout your menstrual cycle the body provides clues as to what’s happening inside. If you’ve ever had one, you know what it’s like. Three out of 4 women will have a yeast infection at some point in their life, and most are mild.

All vaginas have yeast; however, when yeast overgrows (generally to antibiotic use, oral contraception, or anything that can change the pH balance of the vagina), it becomes an infection. If you experience any of the following symptoms, ask a healthcare professional before using MONISTAT®, as they could be signs of another type of infection. So even if you think you know everything there is to know about yeast infections, read on. Oral sex and sexually transmitted infections, but you may need to see an infectious disease specialist. These changes in estrogen levels (compounded with lifestyle changes, presumably such as sleep and diet) can weaken the immune system and stimulate the growth of yeast. Exams and Tests Your doctor may be able to diagnose your vaginal symptoms based on your medical history and a vaginal exam. Antibiotics can change the normal balance of vaginal organisms, allowing excess growth of yeast.

This is probably the biggest indicator of a yeast infection.

Women with immune-suppressing diseases such as diabetes and HIV infection also are at increased risk. Women with weak immune systems or other medical problems may need longer treatment. It’s also possible to transmit the infection via sex toys and by kissing someone with oral thrush (yeast infection of the mouth). As women age, lack of estrogen causes the skin to thin, and this sometimes leads to discomfort, itching or discharge. And some medicines that you use in your vagina have oil in them, which can cause condoms to break. It often leads to itching and other irritating symptoms. Itching near your anus – May be a sign of hemorrhoids or other genital infection. They may even cause other problems, such as allergic reactions, in some women.

The prescription medication, fluconazole, is a single pill that is taken by mouth (6).

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The unique discharge is caused by Candida, Dr. Yeast infections can be caused by something that kills off the normal bacteria in your vagina, like antibiotics, or something that promotes the growth of yeast, like having high blood sugar, or trapping moisture against your skin with tight-fitting, non-breathable fabrics, Dr. The wet mount can also help rule out other infections, including bacterial vaginosis and trichomoniasis. The next step is a pelvic exam. Women who are more likely to get vaginal candidiasis include those who: What’s up with that? You might not have all of these symptoms; only a few might present themselves, and they could be mild or severe. Thrush poetry journal, thus, people who don't often read poetry don't “understand” it, and people who prefer more conservative lyric narrative poetry might not appreciate the way I write. Some things that can cause changes in your vagina’s environment are:

Luckily, there's a pretty quick solution for women who suffer from first-time yeast infections and exacerbated yeast infections that don't respond to topical treatment. Using antibiotics, oral contraceptive pills, and IUDs may increase the risk of getting a yeast infection for some people but not in others (5). Get more tips.

It can make it hard or painful to swallow.

Others simply use their fingers to apply the yogurt. A UTI can also cause frequent urination along with pelvic and abdominal pain. Also, overgrown yeast shouldn’t have a scent. So is your first yeast infection. While you can pass a yeast infection to another person, it’s not contagious in the same way as other infections are.

New brands of detergent may irritate the sensitive skin in contact with your clothing.

Redness Or Swelling

If your vaginal symptoms are not typical of a vaginal yeast infection, your doctor can look for signs of yeast or other organisms using a wet mount test of vaginal discharge. These are available over-the-counter or with a prescription. You doctor will then conduct a gynecological exam to check for redness, swelling, discharge, and odor. Also, Nadarajah notes, there can be certain types of yeast infection fungus that don’t respond well to OTC medication, so definitely see your doctor if one round of treatment doesn’t work. However, yeast infections can be confused with other vaginal issues like STIs, a skin allergy to latex or feminine hygiene products, a lack of estrogen in the vagina, or tears in the vagina, says Sherry A. The symptoms all boil down to this: Treatments for vaginal yeast infections are easy to access and with proper use will quickly relieve uncomfortable symptoms. Unlike yeast infection discharge, BV discharge can be smelly and discolored.

Yeast infections of the nails are treated with an oral anti-yeast medicine. How long does a yeast infection last?, eating yogurt with the bacteria lactobacillus acidophilus, which is found in a healthy vagina, may also restore the balance of good bacteria, although there is still not a lot of data to definitively confirm this. Having a condition such as poorly controlled diabetes or HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) can lead to too much yeast growing in the vagina. The material provided below is for informational purposes only.

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Because yeast infections and BV have such similar symptoms, it can be hard to tell which you are experiencing, and self-diagnosing is often inaccurate, Dr. Knowing what is normal for your body can help you determine if you have an infection or are just entering a different stage of your cycle. Overgrowth of yeast can result from: Wearing cotton underwear might help reduce the chances of getting a yeast infection. These surefire signs signal that it's time to schedule a visit with your OBGYN. And, if you use an over-the-counter medication for a yeast infection but you actually have something else, it can seriously hurt.

In fact, research indicates that Candida yeast colonizes the vagina of at least 20 percent of all women — and 30 percent of all pregnant women — without causing symptoms.

But if these symptoms come back often (or don’t respond to the usual treatments), it’s time to visit a doctor for a firm diagnosis. Though yeast infections have no major negative effect on pregnancy, they are often more difficult to control during pregnancy, causing significant discomfort for you. Whether treatment should be continued during your menstrual period. AZO Yeast® Plus is the leading product that provides both yeast and vaginal infection symptom relief in one convenient pill.


It’s also possible that the yeast infection is purely coincidental. Though yeast infections can happen to anyone at any time, there are certain things that make getting them more likely. A vaginal yeast infection is NOT a sexually transmitted disease (STD).


Topical antifungals are safe to use during pregnancy. MONISTAT® comes in 3 doses: Are pregnant and have symptoms of a vaginal infection or a urinary tract infection (UTI). Fishy, white or gray discharge – A strong odor associated with thin white or grey discharge could indicate Bacterial Vaginosis, a bacterial infection of the vagina.

To diagnose a yeast infection, a healthcare provider will ask about symptoms and do a pelvic exam. – conversely, high estrogen levels associated with yeast infections most frequently during pregnancy. If you know that it is a yeast infection from past experience and are familiar with the symptoms, you want an effective and convenient medicine - one that works at the site of the infection. Over-the-counter medications won't provide the same result. The medical name for a yeast infection is "candidiasis," because they’re usually caused by a type of yeast called candida. Yeast infections caused by other types of candida fungus can be more difficult to treat, and generally need more-aggressive therapies. You may be noticing an increase in the amount of thin, white, odd smelling discharge.

But if you get a lot of yeast infections, you may have a medical problem that needs treatment with antifungal medicines. When it affects the penis, this is known as a penile yeast infection. There are a number of reasons for treatment failure. Read on to learn how to identify the underlying cause and determine whether you should see a doctor or other healthcare provider. The hormone estrogen helps bacteria called lactobacilli to grow.

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“If you aren’t getting relief from the usual measures, or you aren’t quite sure of the diagnosis, it’s worth a trip to the office to get checked out,” says Dr. Urrutia says it’s OK to try an over-the-counter (OTC) antifungal medication before making an appointment with your doctor—as long as the medication is longer than a one-day treatment. Also, women with suppressed immune systems (for example, those taking cortisone-related medications such as prednisone) develop vaginal yeast infections more frequently than women with normal immunity. If, after diagnosis, your infection doesn't get better with treatment or comes back several more times within a year (a condition called recurrent or chronic yeast infection), your doctor may order a culture test of your yeast. They're not chronic. You will most likely notice when this balance is thrown off because overproduction of yeast can cause an array of uncomfortable symptoms. There isn't a critical need to rush to your gyno if you think you might have a yeast infection.

Learn more about when antibiotics work and when they should be avoided.

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Candida albicans is the type of fungus most commonly responsible for vaginitis. Candidiasis (yeast infection) in children, candida can only grow and develop when the environment allows it. In more severe cases of infection, your doctor may recommend an extended plan of treatment or lifestyle change. Vaginal boric acid capsules are sometimes used. Confirm with your doctor that your symptoms are indeed caused by a yeast infection before trying out essential oils as treatment. The doctor may try and collect vaginal fluid and grow yeast from that fluid.

Take these symptoms, and get yourself checked out if you feel like something might not be right down there. When should I call my healthcare provider? When too much of a certain type of bacteria, including a strain called gardnerella vaginalis, is present, it can lead to an infection.


The three most common forms of vaginitis are yeast infections, bacterial vaginosis (BV), and trichomoniasis. The most common symptoms of a vaginal yeast infection include: How do I treat yeast infections? Women with poorly controlled blood sugar are at greater risk of yeast infections than women with well-controlled blood sugar.

Sugar can cause Candida to multiply more, making the infection worse. Scientists estimate that about 20% of women normally have Candida in the vagina without having any symptoms. If you’re having recurring yeast infections or problems getting rid of a yeast infection with conventional treatment, then a different version of Candida might be the cause. Sometimes women think they have a vaginal yeast infection when symptoms are caused by a different condition, such as bacterial vaginosis or a sexually transmitted infection (STI). The most common symptoms of a yeast infection are: These may increase body heat and moisture in your genital area.

Pretty much the only thing worse than dealing with burning, itching, swelling, or any other discomfort in the general vicinity of your vagina: Most yeast infections can usually be avoided by doing the following: Yeast is a fungus that normally lives in the vagina in small amounts, but a vaginal yeast infection means that too many yeast cells are present, which causes symptoms. Sometimes an oral anti-yeast medicine is used. Should I see my doctor every time I have a yeast infection?

Here’s The Deal With Yeast Infections.

Many women aren’t aware that vaginal infections are most commonly caused by bacteria rather than yeast (in the case of a Vaginal Yeast Infection) and Trichomoniasis (a sexually transmitted infection). Actually, yes. Yeast infections are common in women who take antibiotics. If your school has a student health center, you might be able to get checked out there.

Despite the lack of evidence, wearing cotton underwear and loose fitting clothing is often recommended as a preventive measure. Can the Gynecologist Tell If You Just Had Sex? A Hungarian study of 370 patients with confirmed vaginal yeast infections identified the following types of infection: If not, it could be a bacterial infection that requires antibiotics and a chat with your ob-gyn, like bacterial vaginosis or trichomoniasis. Your doctor will examine your vaginal walls and cervix. Doctors recommend only using water and washing only the outside of the genital area, as soaps and deodorants can upset the balance of yeast and bacteria. Having an impaired immune system.

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At the visit, write down the name of a new diagnosis, and any new medicines, treatments, or tests. Regular bathing can also help. While symptoms are not present in about half of women with bacterial vaginosis, those who do experience symptoms will have vaginal discharge, usually with an unpleasant odor. The exact opposite can happen too, where a man might develop a penile yeast infection from a woman who has a vaginal yeast infection. Shower immediately after you swim. But unfortunately, they can and do happen way more often than you’d like (which would be never).

Talk to your doctor before you try unproven home treatment methods, such as applying tea tree oil in the vagina or taking garlic supplements. Use mild, unscented soap and water. Yes, your partner can catch it from you. Up to 40% of women seek alternatives to treat vaginal yeast infection. Yeast infection after sex While it’s possible to develop a yeast infection after having sex, a yeast infection itself is not an STI. If needed, your doctor might order a vaginal fluid test.