File:Song Thrush (Turdus philomelos).jpg

They’ve since been recorded across much of the country and more will arrive on suitable nights well into November.

In 2020 and 2020 the EU tried, but failed, to stop this practice in the Valencian region. In fact, some existing claims are rejected by the book’s authors. To take full advantage of this you need to log in to our system when you do the quiz. Can't find the species you are looking for? Gloger’s Rule expresses another ‘gradient’ found within the environment. Plumage small print was best described in negative terms: In fact those from farthest north (especially first-year birds) winter farthest south to the Canary Isles and to North Africa.

These changes may have reduced the availability of food and of nest sites.

It is a familiar bird, brown above, with a white belly covered in black, drop-shaped spots. 4% compared to only 40. 1) Clements, version 2020 (v. In the 17th century, the naturalist Robert Lovell divided birds into the “melodious” and “not melodious”.

Plumage brown above and whitish below with droplet-shaped dark spots; breast has rich buffy wash in fresh plumage (mainly autumn–winter).

Song Thrush nesting and breeding habits

3 years Conservation status Classified in the UK as Red under the Birds of Conservation Concern 4: Were those ornithologists selective in latching on to the ‘best of breed’ and ignoring others than missed the cut? It appears slightly down-curved. Like other perching birds (passerines), it is affected by external and internal parasites and is vulnerable to predation by cats and birds of prey. 1) Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2020) (v. Birds of the nominate subspecies were introduced to New Zealand and Australia by acclimatisation societies between 1860 and 1880, apparently for purely sentimental reasons. Song thrushes are usually seen singly or in pairs. Moulting occurs in late summer – autumn.

Finest performances are often restricted to the evening before the birds enter thick cover to roost. Across the whole breadth of the animal kingdom mimicry has been attained only by the bird order passeriformes, parrots and man. The song also inspired the nineteenth-century British writer Thomas Hardy, who spoke in Darkling Thrush of the bird's "full-hearted song evensong/Of joy illimited",[42] but twentieth-century British poet Ted Hughes in Thrushes concentrated on its hunting prowess: The sun hardly rises, and its melodious song already invades the countryside. Depending on angle and background, the spectrum swung between grey and brown. ’ The alarm note is a rapidly repeated ‘chuk’ or ‘chip’ and the flight call is a thin high-pitched ‘seep’. August - February Diet:

Viking, Auckland. As soon as January, the male sings strongly. 1) Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl.

Allowing for ‘standard variation’, the outcome seems to me to amount to a draw.


It uses material from Wikipedia. Although unpretentious, its behaviour indicates that the breeding season is starting. It is also known in English dialects as throstle or mavis. The aim is to cover all the birds of the Western Palearctic. However, hard weather may force further movement.

The first fine careless rapture! 1) Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2020) (v. The field guide to the birds of New Zealand. They are commonly seen feeding on the ground in parklands, woodlands and suburban gardens, walking slowly or running short distances looking for food.

The male's song in the dawn chorus includes a repertoire of over a hundred different phrases making it one of the richest songs of any British Bird.

In More Depth

This image, which was originally posted to Flickr, was uploaded to Commons using Flickr upload bot on 1 March 2020, 15: Under those influences, feathers darken. At this moment, the fallen fruits hidden under the leaf litter can be very important for its survival.

To make the entry in The Birds of Scotland more approachable, a few words of explanation might help. (1) IOC World Bird Names, version 10. Coconut oil for yeast infections: does it really work? ’ Time after time the answer was no. The litmus test was the question, ‘if I saw that in Ireland would I be able to tell it from a Song Thrush? Singing continuously. It likes the well ripe fruits, even slightly rotten, and rather the fallen fruits, preferring to feed on the ground.

The typical lifespan is three years, but the maximum recorded age is 10 years 8 months. 5% of territories were found in farmland, whereas gardens held 71. Such graduation is called a cline and is especially true for climatic factors such as temperature and humidity [7]. Many thrushes and blackbirds contain imitative notes in their songs, not only of other birds but also of any sounds that may take their fancy.

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Many literary figures have written about the bird’s song, including Browning, Wordsworth, and Hardy. This year's photo competition is now open for entries. By incorporating, within the feather, deposits of a ‘tougher’ type of melanin (melanin comes in three types of which dark brown to black eumelanin is more resilient to wear) plumage becomes more difficult to break down [8]. This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. The breeding season for this species takes place from March to April.

Song thrushes have a varied status in East Anglia.

7, boatbill to starlings.


The island subspecies T. Often seen alone or in pairs although in winter may be in groups along with blackbirds and redwings. Song thrushes mainly eat earthworms, various insects, spiders, snails and slugs found on lawns, under trees, hedges, forests or in woodlands.

The key, however, is in the spots. (1) IOC World Bird Names, version 7. Some species of Borrelia cause Lyme disease, and ground-feeding birds like the Song Thrush may act as a reservoir for the disease. Recurrent and persistent thrush in pregnancy, this makes you more susceptible to oral thrush and other infections. ’ I don’t want the take-home message from my trip to Barra to undermine the inviolability of T. It is not for nothing if it is called Song Thrush! 1) eBird version 2020 (v. If that scenario occurred, the long term implications might ultimately be a return to more widespread swarthiness, given that, theoretically, Gloger’s Rule ought to apply once more? Thrushes frequent a wide range of lowland and hilly habitats including suburban gardens, farmland, woodlands and some forests.

Hot on the heels of, some smaller migrant species have been arriving under the cover of darkness!

Song Thrush

Sonogram images © Xeno-canto Foundation. Their backs are a uniform olive brown, and their paler underparts are dotted with dark arrowhead-shaped speckles. But remember this: The song thrush is not usually gregarious, although several birds may roost together in winter or be loosely associated in suitable feeding habitats, perhaps with other thrushes such as the blackbird, fieldfare, redwing and dark-throated thrush.

  • Its habit of repeating song phrases distinguish it from singing blackbirds.
  • Generally common to fairly common; uncommon in Armenia.
  • Both male and female birds are identical, with the speckled breast making them fairly easily to identify – note that the speckles are smaller and more evenly distributed than on the similar Mistle Thrush, which is also a larger bird.

Download a guide to separating Song Thrush from Mistle Thrush

Finnish breeding population estimated at 800,000–1,400,000 pairs. Mimicry may include the imitation of man-made items like telephones, and the Song Thrush will also repeat the calls of captive birds, including exotics such as the White-faced Whistling Duck. Average lifespan: A shady place in a bush or tree is the usual location for the nest, which will be built by the female. Numbers of nocturnal travelling song thrushes cross the North Sea to our shores each autumn. The introduced birds in New Zealand, where the cuckoo does not occur, have, over the past 130 years, retained the ability to recognise and reject non-mimetic eggs. 1) Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2020) (v.

Our wintering Fieldfares come from Fennoscandia, but in smaller numbers than Redwings.

(8 million square miles), and a large population, with an estimated 40 to 71 million individuals in Europe alone. The song consists of a series of vigorous, simple phrases, less rich than that of the Blackbird, but with a penetrating quality. Indeed, I have examined one such specimen obtained by Mr Kinnear in the Stornoway woods on 11th July 1906 … which certainly belongs to the British race.

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The grove Snail (Cepaea nemoralis) is regularly eaten by the song thrush, and its polymorphic shell patterns have been suggested as evolutionary responses to reduce predation;[36] however, song thrushes may not be the only selective force involved. While a blackbird’s notes blend into each other smoothly, those of a song thrush are more random and punctuated by short gaps. The eggs are light blue-green or pale blue with tiny dark spots at the larger end.

6% of British juveniles survive the first year of life, and the adult annual survival rate is 62. Snails are especially important when drought or hard weather makes it difficult to find other food such as, Invertebrates like earthworms, also fruit. 1) Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. The song thrush is a small songbird, commonly found in parks and gardens, woodland and scrub. You can then keep track of your learning progress.

Return migration varies between mid-February around the Mediterranean to May in northern Sweden and central Siberia. If there is a bird of a musical family, it is the Song thrush. Please consider upgrading. It consists of a series of phrases with many repeated three times in succession, making it a recognisable song. Were they simply dark locals?

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This time the gradient is mildness and humidity. Instead of clarity I sensed confusion. The alarm call is a chook-chook becoming shorter and more strident with increasing danger. In early summer, they supplement their diet with caterpillars, and in the autumn they will readily also eat fruit. Is a candida infection driving your sugar cravings? With strict editorial sourcing guidelines, we only link to academic research institutions, reputable media sites and, when research is available, medically peer-reviewed studies. It is often heard before it is seen, as it is one of the main songsters of suburban New Zealand, with a very long singing season. For sure, some individuals are swarthy and eye-catching — a difference that could be explained in conventional genetic terms if a recessive trait persisted in the Outer Hebrides population. The clutch includes between three and six pale blue glossy eggs, mottled black.

Translations Of Song Thrush

Unfortunately, this unobtrusive and shy bird has strongly suffered from heavy hunting. Watch this BTO ID video to learn to tell the difference between a song thrush and a mistle thrush: How do song thrushes breed? The first birds in Ireland this winter were reported from Tory Island in Donegal, with 5 birds reported on the 30th of September (via Irishbirding. )The thrush often uses a favourite stone as an "anvil" on which to smash the snail before extracting the soft body and invariably wiping it on the ground before consumption.

In fact it was the only thing that struck me. (1) IOC World Bird Names, version 1. However, on the Outer Hebrides and Isle of Skye, there’s a third race, hebridensis.

During periods of very cold weather in Europe large scale midwinter arrivals of song thrushes occur regularly in North Africa. After the 1950’s, numbers have increased in Finland but surveys conducted 1983-2020 indicate a slight, less than 10%, decline in nesting population. 2020 [updated 2020]. The song thrush is omnivorous, eating a wide range of invertebrates, especially earthworms and snails, as well as soft fruit and berries. Young birds initially flick objects and attempt to play with them until they learn to use anvils as tools to smash snails. Where does this leave references to populations deemed ‘intermediate’ that hail from the Inner Hebrides and other parts of the Scottish west coast [6], Islay [4] and — of all places — County Kerry [3]? Too late to see Song Thrushes, but not too late to shortlist the best habitat. The most similar European thrush species is the redwing (T. )

  • Having seen Hebridean Song Thrush in the flesh, I am back at the beginning.
  • 1) James Lee Peters (original) (v.
  • Our high quality mealworms make an … Read More We have updated this energy-rich blend in line with latest research.
  • Lately, a blackbird down by the river, having stopped squabbling with a challenger to his territory, has started to compete with my thrush from the top of a poplar tree and it is interesting to compare their songs.


Please contact them directly with respect to any copyright or licensing questions. (1) Birdlife checklist version 05. I decided that, rather than dwelling on plumage nitty-gritty, a holistic approach might be the key to pigeon-holing T.

Date posted: 15-Jul-2020

This behaviour is unique to these birds. The parents will feed the chicks for the next fortnight, after which they can leave the nest but will still rely on the parents to feed them until they reach maturity. 1) Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16) (v. Their beaks are dark brown, with a yellowish base to the lower mandible. At hatching, the chicks are covered with long golden-buff down on head and back. Winters in Mediterranean countries. Living up to its common name, the song thrush has a beautiful, loud song with repeating phrases.

Reference is made to a specially penetrating "battle-song" given from the ground as well as from a perch during periods of intense rivalry with other males.


I packed my bags for Barra. 1) Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource (v. The effect was akin to looking at a Song Thrush through smoked glass (Plate 1, Bird A). 25 in) in length and weighs 50–107 grammes (1. It is far-carrying, with the loudest parts audible at over half a mile. The nest has to be finished in late March. As with hunting, there is little evidence that the taking of wild birds for aviculture has had a significant effect on wild populations.

The book will be translated to other languages as well. Similar species: The song thrush breeds in most of Europe (although not in the greater part of Iberia, lowland Italy or southern Greece), and across the Ukraine and Russia almost to Lake Baikal. See recording details for license information. The broken shells of their blue, spotty eggs can often be found under a hedge in spring. 1) Birdlife checklist version 02 (v. (1) Birdlife checklist version 06. (1) IOC World Bird Names, version 9.

Song thrushes were introduced from England, and were released widely in New Zealand from 1867. Vote for the next species here. Although it is not threatened globally, there have been serious population declines in parts of Europe, possibly due to changes in farming practices. Brehm, 1831 – Europe (except W), N Turkey, Caucasus area and N Iran; winters in W & S Europe, N & NE Africa, Arabian Peninsula and SW Asia.

Packaging Coatings

The song thrush breeds in forests, gardens and parks, and is partially migratory with many birds wintering in southern Europe, North Africa and the Middle East; it has also been introduced into New Zealand and Australia. Paler, grey thrushes from Scandinavia pass through in the spring and autumn, and some birds from Belgium and the Netherlands overwinter here, in the south of Britain. Is there a link between cystitis and thrush?, when scraping off the whitish surface of a patch, a red and inflamed area, which may bleed slightly, will become visible. Careful analysis of BTO ring-recoveries has shown that poor survival of young birds through their first winter could explain the observed drop in the Song Thrush population.

Video footage of Song Thrushs

Sometimes, the support changes and the bird beats the poor gastropod against a trunk. In the winter, the remaining British population is often joined by slightly darker immigrants from Scandinavia and BENELUX. Neither the thrush nor the blackbird can compete with the purity of tone of that single bell–like note of the bellbird, a note which can, of course, vary greatly between bellbirds. 2020 revisions) (v. Auckland, Viking.

MWB Natuurwoordenboek

The song thrush is a common bird in New Zealand, though Eurasian blackbirds are c. A Russian study of blood parasites showed that all the Fieldfares, Redwings and Song Thrushes sampled carried haematozoans, particularly Haemoproteus and Trypanosoma. In a remarkable demonstration of how quickly evolution (and Bergmann’s Rule) can occur, introduced populations of House Sparrows resident in cold latitudes of North America commonly have larger bodies than their relatives living in warmer southern climates [8]. For best results, please make sure your browser is accepting cookies. I knew that my store of research would be ignited by a single spark. Strident song, often heard in suburban neighborhoods, is more prolonged than Eurasian Blackbird song, and frequently repeats phrases 2-4 times. Colour at last. (1) IOC World Bird Names, version 3.

It reaches to 75°N in Norway, but only to about 60°N in Siberia. ‘Dusky’ and ‘swarthy’ were more apt. Absent from north-west Scotland, Northern Ireland and the Isle of Man. This is a good example of how the word is used.

They occur in urban areas, farmlands, orchards and in lowland indigenous forests. Redwing are the smallest species of thrush that we have in Ireland and they’re often joined on migration and in feeding flocks by other thrushes. Listen for short phrases repeated two or three times in quick succession, particularly in early mornings, and being belted from the very tops of trees. 2020 revisions) (v. When asked about their favourite bird song, many people report the Song thrush as the one they most enjoy. The brown spots on the underparts tend to arranged in lines on the flanks.