Yeast Infection: Vaginal Yeast Infection Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

A good example involves the antifungal products now sold without prescriptions for the treatment of vaginitis -- not just any vaginitis, but the most common form, caused by the ubiquitous yeast of the genus Candida.

When the reaction causes irritation, that can set the stage for a yeast infection. A vaginal yeast infection, which is also sometimes called vulvovaginal candidiasis, happens when the healthy yeast that normally lives in your vagina grows out of control. Treating a yeast infection is simple. Your doc can do a pelvic exam and vaginal culture to see what’s happening down there. Yeast is not spread from person to person. There are over-the-counter creams that you can use on your vulva to help calm the irritation.

You can also treat yeast infections with a single pill that you swallow (called Diflucan or Fluconazole). Compiled using information from the following sources: UTI Another common infection in women is a urinary tract infection (UTI). Your doctor will first conduct a pelvic exam, making note of any visible discharge, redness, and swelling. The fine print on the back of the box of the leading product, Monistat 3, warns, ''Do not use if you have never had a vaginal yeast infection diagnosed by a doctor. – because douching disrupts the balance of bacteria and yeast in and around the vaginal area, this may cause yeast infections.

Many women prefer to use home remedies to get rid of yeast infections, especially if they have had a yeast infection before.


Don’t take leftover antibiotics or someone else’s antibiotics if you think you have an infection. If you are pregnant, you should always consult your doctor with any issues you experience. What you should know about diet and yeast infections, just like sweaty and wet clothing, clothes that are too tight can cause the same moist environment. Our team of medical professionals has extensive experience consulting with patients about their treatment options, including both over the counter and prescription medicines, and can help you understand which method is right for you. Talk to your doctor about all of your yeast infection treatment options. After applying the cream for a few days, my BF's yeast infection was gone, like it never happened. Many women fear they've caught a sexually transmitted infection rather than a run-of-the-mill yeast infection. If you have a cancerous strain, that doesn’t mean you're going to get cervical cancer — not by a long shot actually.

How do I know if I have a yeast infection? The condition used to be referred to as Gardnerella vaginitis; because Gardnerella is a type of bacteria that sometimes causes the infection. This “over-growth” of yeast cells can be caused by: So if the only symptom you have is more discharge than usual, you probably don’t need to panic. Three out of four women are diagnosed with a yeast infection at some point in their life, according to a recent survey.

Here's what you need to know about identifying a yeast infection — and how to tell when it might be something more. Yeast infections usually happen in warm, moist parts of the body, such as the mouth and moist areas of skin. Recurring vaginal yeast infections can be difficult to prevent or cure.

Some of this bacteria is candida, the bacteria that causes yeast infection.

Yeast Infections Are Common Condition

Yeast also can grow a lot if a girl’s blood sugar is high. What are the symptoms of a yeast infection? The symptoms of a yeast infection depend on where it is located in the body. Have pain during sex or urination. The warm, moist folds of the foreskin are the perfect environment for yeast to thrive.

These infections may take weeks to completely treat. Most people who are infected don’t have symptoms, but if you do it will include an itchy vagina, vaginal discharge that is smelly, frothy, foamy, and either yellow or gray-green in color, and painful urination. The bacteria usually gets there through sexual transmission, like chlamydia or gonorrhea, but it can also hitch a ride through other things like unclean IUD insertion. Many women experience at least two episodes.

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It is important to note that the symptoms of a vaginal yeast infection are like those of other STIs and genital infections. Yeast infections can be easily treated with ointments or other anti-yeast (antifungal) creams. If you have recurrent yeast infections — four or more within a year — you may need a longer treatment course and a maintenance plan.

But for me, those thoughts had never included Am I going to give my boyfriend a yeast infection?

Pain or discomfort during sexual intercourse. It can make irritation worse or cause cuts in your skin, which can spread germs and lead to more infection. 7 symptoms of candida overgrowth (plus how to get rid of it). A yeast infection can be caused by one or more of the following:

Lack of estrogen: If you can, wear cotton underwear to bed or don’t wear any, and always wash and thoroughly dry your underwear before wearing them. These may require a steroid ointment such as hydrocortisone for treatment. Open search, it is a fungus that lives almost everywhere, including in your body. Choosing a treatment is a personal decision, but some get rid of infections quicker than others. The OWH helpline does not provide medical advice. This powerful single-dose product is available in the Ovule® form for use day or night and will stay in place during daily activities, even during exercise.

  • Some people don’t experience PID symptoms, but if you do, it can hurt a lot in your pelvic area, you can bleed between periods, and you can get heavy discharge that smells not good.
  • And some medicines that you use in your vagina have oil in them, which can cause condoms to break.
  • Even something as simple as a small cut can itch and feel irritated as it is healing.
  • Continue to have symptoms despite home treatment with a nonprescription medicine.
  • He/she will perform tests to see if your yeast infections are being caused by another health problem, such as diabetes.
  • He or she may scrape off a bit of skin or remove part of a nail and examine it to confirm the diagnosis.
  • Another possibility is having vaginal intercourse with a man who has a penile yeast infection.

How Can You Avoid Vaginal Yeast Infections?

See your doctor for a proper diagnosis if you think you have a penile yeast infection. So even if you think you know everything there is to know about yeast infections, read on. It is common in young children. Most of the vaginal treatments are available as creams, vaginal tablets, or suppositories. You can pass BV to a partner who has a vagina through oral sex or sharing sex toys.

Watchful waiting If you are sure your symptoms are caused by a vaginal yeast infection, waiting several days to see if the symptoms clear up on their own is not harmful, especially if you expect your menstrual period within that time. Candidiasis, [5][1] The most common symptom is vaginal itching, which may be severe. A vaginal yeast infection causes itching and burning of the vulva – the external area of the vagina – and pain during sex, while also producing a white, lumpy, odorless discharge. Boric acid suppositories can sometimes cause side effects, including vaginal burning and discharge. When you get home, follow all the directions on the package carefully.

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When should I call my healthcare provider? Don’t lounge around in a wet bathing suit and avoid jeans or pantyhose that are too tight. There are so many reasons why your vagina could be itchy or producing weird discharge in your underwear , and if it is because of a yeast infection, then it's usually pretty easy to treat. – taking frequent baths can cause yeast infections because they provide a warm, moist environment for yeast. Some girls may react to certain dyes or perfumes in soaps, bath gels or lotions, sanitary products, and laundry detergents. If it comes back normal after 10 seconds, it's likely a yeast infection, so grab an anti-fungal cream for treatment.

Prescription antifungal pills – antifungal pills such as Diflucan are only available with a prescription, but only require one pill to kill most yeast infections. Include yogurt with “lactobacillus acidophilus” in your diet. This is important. Please call 911 or go to the nearest emergency room if you are experiencing a medical emergency. Problems with your immune system that affect the normal balance of yeast and bacteria in the body. If you notice things looking a little different down there, pay attention. Keep your vaginal area clean. He or she will perform a pelvic exam and may do some testing to determine if it’s yeast that’s causing your symptoms.


Schaffir says. You may have other tests if you have vaginal yeast infections that are severe or that keep coming back (recur), such as: If you are pregnant, it is important to be evaluated for vaginal symptoms. Try MONISTAT®, the #1 OTC antifungal. If you have pelvic pain or fever, get an evaluation by a doctor. It’s embarrassing to talk about. The discharge is usually gray to white in color but can be of any color.

This double action reduces the itching and burning and restores a healthy balance of yeast and bacteria. But if these symptoms come back often (or don’t respond to the usual treatments), it’s time to visit a doctor for a firm diagnosis. If you suspect a yeast infection that doesn’t get better quickly or BV, talk to your primary care doctor or OB-GYN. An infection can also happen if you have a weak immune system. Increased estrogen levels. Other infections such as bacterial vaginosis, trichomoniasis, gonorrhea, and chlamydia can cause similar symptoms. When a woman has recurrent yeast infections or complicated symptoms, other tests are available.

Something just doesnt seem right down there. While yeast infections in babies are usually harmless, they can lead to more serious infections when left untreated. Grey lynn dental, and keep all prepared bottles and nipples in the refrigerator to decrease the likelihood of yeast growth. What are signs of vaginal yeast infections? A course of treatment typically lasts between 3 and 7 days. Specifically, it will look like and have the consistency of cottage cheese — white and clumpy. Yeast infection of the mouth is called thrush. All bodies have Candida — not just the female body. One study published in the journal Obstetrics & Gynecology showed that only 34 percent of study participants who purchased OTC antifungal products accurately diagnosed themselves with a yeast infection.

And, if you’re really not able to get rid of it, you can ask your doctor for a one-day antibiotic pill, which will get you cleared up in a hurry.

Should I call my doctor or nurse if I think I have a yeast infection?

The standard test for a yeast infection is to look at a vaginal smear under a microscope. MMWR, 59(RR-12): If you’re more into home remedies, you can try yogurt and garlic, apple cider vinegar, or boric acid suppositories. Using feminine hygiene sprays, talcs, or perfumes in the vaginal area. Yeast infections are most likely to occur in women during the final days leading up to their period. They're not chronic. Yeast infections can be diagnosed during a medical exam.

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4 million outpatient visits for vaginal candidiasis occur annually in the United States. While tea tree oil may be effective, it may not be as fast-acting as over-the-counter options. 2 Because taking antibiotics can lead to vaginal candidiasis, take these medicines only when prescribed and exactly as your healthcare provider tells you. I knew the telltale symptoms (itching, burning, and cottage cheese-like discharge) and that hormonal birth control, antibiotics, or even wearing yoga pants all day might up your risk. This means they get more than 4 vaginal yeast infections in a year. Still, over time, it is likely that more and more vaginal testing will move to these molecular methods. A Vaginal Yeast Infection is an inflammation of your vagina, also known as a Vaginal Yeast Infection.

They may also ask if you’ve ever had an STI.

But when something happens to tip that balance, a fungus called candida can grow out of control and cause a yeast infection. You’ve had a yeast infection before, but you’re unsure whether you’re experiencing one again. Skin yeast infection, repetitive douching disrupts the balance of normal organisms that live in the vagina and can actually increase the risk of vaginal infection. They aren’t contagious, and can’t spread to another person during sex.

Yeast are very easy to identify visually in such samples.

  • If you have risk factors for an STI , discuss your symptoms with your doctor before using a nonprescription medicine.
  • Yeast infection in pregnancy Yeast infections are common during pregnancy because of hormone fluctuations.
  • Department of Health and Human Services, making this a pretty common issue women grapple with.
  • Anyone can get a yeast infection.
  • Nearly 75% of women will get at least one yeast infection in their lifetime.
  • They may swab the inside of the vagina and either send it to a lab or look under a microscope to determine if yeast is present (6).

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Three out of 4 women will have a yeast infection at some point in their life, and most are mild. It’s difficult to determine exactly how prevalent they are because it is commonly self-diagnosed and treated with over-the-counter medications (2). As such, without testing, it can be very difficult to tell whether someone is suffering from a yeast infection, bacterial vaginosis, trichomoniasis, or even another bacterial STD. The typical symptoms of a yeast infection: They may not have serious long-term health consequences, but they're uncomfortable. If you can, it is best to clean your genitals after sex to get rid of any harmful bacteria. These can become infected with other germs. When should I contact my doctor?

BV is not an STI, but because it is caused by an imbalance, sex can lead to BV by changing the pH in the vagina or by transferring bacteria.

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Avoid unnecessary use of antibiotics. Although a yeast infection can cause severe itching, pain, and soreness, it's not likely to lead to serious health problems. A number of vaginal health conditions have very similar symptoms. Yeast infections of the nails are treated with an oral anti-yeast medicine. If your school has a student health center, you might be able to get checked out there. Wearing a wet suit for many hours keeps your genital area warm and moist.

Although yeast infections may spread from one sexual partner to the other, it’s rare. Know the reason for your visit and what you want to happen. If you do test positive for cervical cancer, your doctor will work with you to get it into remission.

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That’s because other conditions can mimic yeast, explains Ob/Gyn Salena Zanotti, MD. Also, women with suppressed immune systems (for example, those taking cortisone-related medications such as prednisone) develop vaginal yeast infections more frequently than women with normal immunity. The groin area is especially prone to Candida overgrowth because of skin folds and moisture. Things to consider The risk of self-treatment is that your symptoms may be caused by a type of vaginal infection other than a yeast infection, such as bacterial vaginosis or a sexually transmitted infection (STI). Treatment of experimental candida sepsis with a janus kinase inhibitor controls inflammation and prolongs survival. If you’ve ever had one, you know what it’s like. Wear loose, breathable cotton clothing and cotton underwear. A guy with a yeast infection may not have any symptoms or the tip of the penis may become red and sore or itchy.

Call your doctor for an appointment within 1 week if you:

If you find that tight clothing leads to itchiness or discomfort in your genital area, consider wearing more breathable fabrics. Thank you for your question. She’ll give you an antibiotic and you’ll be set! These medicines can be purchased at any drug store and come in a variety of strengths to lengthen or shorten a treatment period. If multiple symptoms present themselves, it’s time to see a doctor! But there are some things that may increase the chance of developing a yeast infection, including pregnancy, uncontrolled diabetes, taking estrogen, and being in an immunocompromised state due to something like HIV or cancer (2,5).

Although most women have no underlying health problems that lead to a yeast infection, some have greater risk factors.

Vaginal yeast infections aren’t considered a sexually transmitted infection (STI), commonly known as sexually transmitted disease (STD). If you are experiencing the symptoms described in this article, call your doctor now. If the infection is mild, the symptoms may be subtle. That can cause burning, itching, and all of the other symptoms, Dr. Neither is typically cause for concern. She’ll give you medication to help get you rebalanced and itch-free. Yeast is found in the vaginas of most people at some point in their lives, and also lives on the skin, in the mouth, and intestines (1). This includes whether you’ve had yeast infections before.


While a small number of yeast cells indicates a healthy vagina, certain things can change the balance, causing too much yeast too grow – and the onset of those unpleasant symptoms. Symptoms of a vaginal yeast infection are more likely to occur during the week before a menstrual period. However, not all diaper rashes are the result yeast overgrowth. New brands of detergent may irritate the sensitive skin in contact with your clothing. Yeast infections are not considered Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs), but can develop for a variety of reasons. It often leads to itching and other irritating symptoms. If you’re concerned about transmission, talk to your doctor about all the ways yeast infections could be contagious in your situation. Vulvovaginal candidiasis section of Sexually transmitted diseases treatment guidelines 2020.

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You can pass a yeast infection to any sexual partner. However, a positive fungal culture does not always mean that Candida is causing symptoms because some women can have Candida in the vagina without having any symptoms. If you’re pregnant, having BV puts you at higher risk for delivering prematurely. Before your visit, write down questions you want answered. I suspected I had the beginnings of a yeast infection, and mentioned to him that I needed to go to the drugstore to pick up an over-the-counter antifungal treatment. In either case, if your symptoms aren’t improving within a week of starting medication, follow up with your doctor, as he or she may need to reexamine the diagnosis or try a different treatment. Don’t wait to seek treatment!

Are not sure your symptoms are caused by a vaginal yeast infection. This infection is also called candidiasis. If symptoms continue after treatment, see your doctor. Yeast infections often cause thick, white, clumpy vaginal discharge that usually doesn’t smell (or only smells slightly different than normal). BV It’s common for BV symptoms to come back within 3 to 12 months of treatment. Some girls will have several of these symptoms; others may only notice one or two. A yeast infection, also known as candida vulvovaginitis, is a common infection that 3 out of every 4 women will experience throughout their lives.