Common Types of Vaginal Infections

Although most vaginal candidiasis is mild, some women can develop severe infections involving redness, swelling, and cracks in the wall of the vagina.

Guys who are not circumcised need to take extra care to clean properly beneath their foreskins. UTI Another common infection in women is a urinary tract infection (UTI). Ask your doctor whether it’s safe to have sex while you are being treated. Finally, a healthy immune system helps keep yeast under control. Yeast infections of the nails are treated with an oral anti-yeast medicine. Wear cotton underwear to help to prevent a vaginal or genital yeast infection. A yeast diaper rash causes a bright red rash bordered by red pimples or pus-filled bumps and surrounded by smaller “satellite” patches of rash.

There may be burning, irritation, redness, and swelling of the vulva. Some people say this discharge looks like cottage cheese. Yeast infections are treated with a pill that you swallow, or with a vaginal cream or vaginal suppository (a partially solid material that you insert into your vagina, where it dissolves and releases medicine). “There are some very good medications for yeast infections available right over the counter,” Dr. Control diabetes. Thrush is common in babies whose immune systems are still developing. You can either go to a health care provider to get an evaluation or try an over-the-counter yeast infection product, such as Gyne-Lotrimin, Mycelex, Gynezol, Femstat, Monistat or Vagistat-1. Keep the external genital area clean and dry.

  • You should also stay away from scented products.
  • Yeast is found in the vaginas of most people at some point in their lives, and also lives on the skin, in the mouth, and intestines (1).
  • What are the types of yeast infections?
  • If you are unfamiliar with your symptoms, see your doctor for an accurate diagnosis.
  • Bacterial vaginosis is caused by overgrowth of the bacteria that occur natually in the vagina.
  • Taking antibiotics can also cause an overgrowth of yeast.

Women with recurrent or severe vaginal yeast infections; diabetes; compromised immune systems; infections caused by a species of yeast other than C. Treat with an antifungal cream before each menstrual period and before antibiotic therapy to prevent relapse. Though yeast infections can happen to anyone at any time, there are certain things that make getting them more likely. See your doctor if your yeast infection symptoms don’t improve after your period ends. If you have recurrent yeast problems, this can also cause your vulva to become sensitive and easily irritated, making it hard to know if your symptoms are an infection or merely inflammation. If you have diabetes, keep your blood sugar under control. Having diabetes or uncontrolled blood sugar Yeast feed on glucose in the blood, bolstering their numbers.

If you do, you'll be given an antifungal prescription like fluconazole, or told to purchase an over-the-counter cream or ointment, or a suppository that's inserted into the vagina. Boric acid (boron) 600 mg as a vaginal suppository at night for two weeks reduces the presence of albicans and non-albicans candida in 70% of treated women. If you have a severe infection and have a weak immune system, you may need to take an oral anti-yeast medicine. Signs and Symptoms: This means condoms and diaphragms may break, and you may not be protected from STI or pregnancy. Also see your doctor if you are pregnant. Oral antifungal medication (usually fluconazole), which is taken regularly and intermittently (eg, 150–200 mg once a week for six months). What causes yeast infections?

The symptoms of a yeast infection depend on where it is located in the body. Called recurrent vulvovaginal candidiasis, it is more common in women with diabetes or those with weakened immune systems from HIV. Please consult a doctor for a diagnosis of a yeast infection or if you are unsure of your symptoms. Oral thrush, candidiasis: about, causes, treatment, [5] Pseudomembraneous candidiasis can involve any part of the mouth, but usually it appears on the tongue, buccal mucosae or palate. During pregnancy and while using hormonal contraceptives (birth control). Yeast infections are simple to diagnose. You are more likely to use a treatment correctly and complete the treatment if you get to choose the type you prefer. Tea tree tampons are a very safe and effective method of eradicating candidiasis (and many other vaginal infections) and there appear to be no adverse side effects. Seventy-five percent of all women develop a yeast infection at some point during their lives.

  • Ask your health care provider (HCP) if you should be checked for the other types if your symptoms do not get better.
  • Have not been exposed to a sexually transmitted infection (STI) , which would require a medical exam.
  • Your GP or sexual health clinic can help identify if something is causing your thrush, such as your period or sex.

What Is It?

Changes in hormone levels, which can occur during pregnancy, menstrual periods, or while taking birth control pills, can also alter the vaginal environment and favor fungal overgrowth. There are several conditions you can develop when candida goes out of balance. Avoid irritating soaps (including bubble bath), vaginal sprays and douches. It is supposed to be in your body.

  • He or she may be able to prescribe a treatment that can help prevent your recurring yeast infections.
  • Make sure you follow the directions and use all of the medicine, even if your symptoms go away before you finish.
  • Any upset to the balance of bacteria in the vagina also can lead to a yeast infection including antibiotic use, stress, lack of sleep, pregnancy and even menstrual periods.

Patient Information Collection

Taking corticosteroid medicines sometimes also weakens the immune system and increases the risk for yeast infections. Use good oral hygiene to help prevent yeast infection in your mouth (thrush). It's on our skin; it can be cultured from any place. Vaginal boric acid capsules are sometimes used. The ACOG Resource Center publishes manuals and patient education materials. Chronic thrush may be a sign of an immune deficiency, such as HIV.

About 5% of women develop RVVC and may require further treatment with prolonged antifungal therapy.

What Are The Symptoms Of A Yeast Infection?

If you do have a yeast infection, your doctor will probably prescribe a pill to swallow or a cream, tablet, or suppository to put in the vagina. However, not all diaper rashes are the result yeast overgrowth. A health care provider will use a cotton swab to take a sample of your vaginal discharge. These treatments include more doses of fluconazole taken by mouth or other medicines applied inside the vagina, such as boric acid, nystatin, or flucytosine. Healthy adults don’t typically get thrush, but elderly folks and people with weakened immune systems are at risk. Your health care provider may also do a culture of the discharge, particularly if you have had yeast infections that keep coming back.

Nonalbicans candida species, particularly C. Department of Health and Human Services. For the lowdown on yeast down under, we asked doctors why women are vulnerable to yeast infections, what treatments really work, and what can be done to prevent this uncomfortable problem. Wipe from front to back after a bowel movement so you don't transfer yeast from a stool.

Vaginitis affects women of all ages but is most common during the reproductive years. They might also perform a pelvic exam to inspect the vulva, vagina, and cervix for signs of infection. Candidal vulvovaginitis in pregnancy should be treated with intravaginal clotrimazole or nystatin for at least 7 days. ​​Still, Sullivan says vaginal yeast infections are immunogenic – meaning they can cause a violent​ immune reaction, hence the local itching and burning sensation. For example, if someone’s immune system is weakened (due to an illness or medicines like chemotherapy or steroids), candida in the vagina can multiply and cause symptoms of a yeast infection. The symptoms for sexually transmitted infections (STI) and bacterial vaginitis can mimic yeast infections, but require different treatments.


Sexual contact can spread it, but women who aren’t sexually active can also get them. A woman may also experience redness and swelling of the vulvar tissue, painful urination, or pain during intercourse. Taking antibiotics, for example, may kill the beneficial bacteria that prevent yeast from proliferating. If your daughter has a vaginal yeast infection, her doctor can prescribe proper treatment that can clear up the symptoms in a couple of days and cure the infection within a week. Despite their prevalence, it’s important to treat vaginal yeast infections early. They are part of the microbiota of “good” germs that keep people healthy.