Vaginal Yeast Infections

Also called vaginal candidiasis, vaginal yeast infection affects up to 3 out of 4 women at some point in their lifetimes. What can cause vaginitis? The symptoms of a yeast infection depend on where it is located in the body. Yeast infections (also known as candidiasis) are common infections caused by Candida albicans yeast, which is a type of fungus.

Some even experience it 4 or more times in a year.

Your doctor will do a pelvic examination to look for inflammation and a white discharge in your vagina and around the vaginal opening. Known as vaginal candidiasis, it also can cause a burning sensation while urinating or during sex. How do I treat yeast infections?

  • Some guys might have a slight discharge or pain with urination as well.
  • Take antibiotics only when prescribed by your doctor, and never take them for longer than your doctor directs.


You are not sure that you have a yeast infection. If you visit a doctor, he or she will conduct a pelvic exam similar to a Pap smear screening to look for swelling and discharge. Uptodate, what to think about Antifungal creams and suppositories that you put into your vagina have fewer side effects than antifungal pills you take by mouth. If you have a follow-up appointment, write down the date, time, and purpose for that visit.

Broad-spectrum antibiotics, which kill a range of bacteria, also kill healthy bacteria in your vagina, leading to overgrowth of yeast. Eight home remedies for a yeast infection, it comes in a variety of formulations, including one-day, three-day and seven-day options. Over-the-counter medications won't provide the same result. In the past few decades, centers devoted to evaluating and treating women with chronic vaginitis have been established at various academic medical centers.

Exams and Tests Your doctor may be able to diagnose your vaginal symptoms based on your medical history and a vaginal exam. I'm using the yogurt tampon method for yeast infection, how soon will i feel relief? Trichomoniasis: Change out of a wet swimsuit right away.

Other research indicates that a component of tea tree oil (terpinen-4-ol) enhances the activity of the common antifungal drug fluconazole.

When Should You Call Your Doctor?

Some of the medicines used to treat yeast infections are available without a prescription, but you shouldn't just buy one if you think you have a yeast infection. There is no evidence to support the use of special cleansing diets and colonic hydrotherapy for prevention. Yeast infection from antibiotics: causes, symptoms, and treatment, it cannot treat viral infections such as colds or flu. Once you have had a yeast or vaginal infection, you may be able to recognize future symptoms and begin to relieve them with AZO Yeast® Plus until you are able to see your doctor. A vaginal yeast infection, also known as vaginal candidiasis, is an inflammation of the vaginal tissue usually caused by an overgrowth of Candida albicans, a fungus commonly found in the vagina. What if I get yeast infections all the time?

If you have a disease, like HIV or AIDS, your medications can suppress your immune system. It’s also important to dilute oils properly before use. These plant-based products can be powerful, but so far, no research has shown that essential oils work better for yeast infections than conventional methods. The acidic environment of the vagina keeps the growth of Candida albicans under control by allowing protective bacteria to flourish.

You can buy non-prescription yeast infection medications at your local pharmacy in the form of anti-fungal creams, tablets, ointments or suppositories you insert into the vagina. Candida albicans is a common type of fungus. On a practical level, treatment of the partner seems to have no effect on the woman's risk of recurrence12 and is not recommended by most experts. However, it is possible for men to develop symptoms of skin irritation of the penis from a yeast infection after sexual intercourse with an infected partner, although this is not always the case. With bacterial vaginosis, a woman may see a thick or whitish discharge or one that is slippery and clear. The most common symptoms of a yeast infection are itching and vaginal discharge. While yeast infections can be treated with over-the-counter medication, severe yeast infection symptoms could be masking a different type of infection, says Dr.

Even though yeast infections can be really itchy, try not to scratch.

Yeast Infections

Yeast infection in women Yeast infections are extremely common in women. If you have never been diagnosed with a vaginal yeast infection, see your doctor. By adding 10 percent KOH to the slide, the epithelial cells undergo lysis, which increases the ability to identify hyphae or blastospores (Figure 1) View/Print Figure Blastospores, hyphae and pseudohyphae in a case of vulvovaginal candidiasis. So if your young daughter complains of itching or discomfort in her vaginal area, it’s important to talk with her doctor. These alternative therapies are currently not supported by research studies, but they may provide relief from Candida symptoms and, possibly, reduce the presence of yeast. BV Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is the most common type of vaginal infection in women between the ages of 15 and 44. What are the symptoms?

Table 1 lists differential diagnoses with the pertinent features of the histories and physical examinations. It is not intended to replace the diagnosis or treatment by a qualified healthcare professional. Using perfumed feminine products and laundry detergent can case them. Even if you have had a yeast infection before, it may be a good idea to call your health care professional before using an over-the-counter medication to treat your symptoms.

A yeast infection is not spread through sexual contact. The number may well dwarf those who have made physician appointments. So it’s a good idea to buy mild and fragrance-free bath and cleansing products for your daughter. These can become infected with other germs. No data support the treatment of sex partners. Talk to your doctor if you have more than four yeast infections per year.

What You Must Know About Coronavirus

These may increase body heat and moisture in your genital area. The symptoms of a yeast infection are also the symptoms of other infections, such as some sexually transmitted infections (STIs). If you buy something through a link on this page, we may earn a small commission. Antifungal pills that are taken by mouth affect your entire body. Know the reason for your visit and what you want to happen.

It could be something as simple as a run away script or learning how to better use E-utilities, http: Table 1 lists the most common diagnoses in women seen at a vaginitis referral center, along with appropriate treatments. Oral thrush (for parents), their use is based on common practice rather than research studies:. Have symptoms return within 2 months, and you have not been taking antibiotics.

There are alternative approaches to treating a yeast infection. A Hungarian study of 370 patients with confirmed vaginal yeast infections identified the following types of infection: It’s best to not have sex until a yeast infection is gone because sex can cause more discomfort, and the vaginal creams and suppositories may weaken latex condoms. Infections & eczema, research shows that after several days of a low-carbohydrate or 0-carbohydrate diet, the body naturally goes into a state of ketosis, producing ketone beta-hydroxbutyrate or ketone aceoacetate. What is trichomoniasis?

But certain things can change the environment in the vagina, enabling bacterial or yeast overgrowth and causing symptoms.

Living Well

Change out of wet clothing and swimsuits right away. Yeast thrives on sugar, so eating too much of it may increase your chance of developing the obnoxious infection, says Laurie Birkholz, M. This complex system includes your urethra, as well as your bladder and kidneys. The hormone estrogen helps bacteria called lactobacilli to grow. But under certain conditions, an overgrowth of candida can occur, causing a vaginal infection. It's also different from a bacterial infection. For one woman who's really sensitive, a small colonization can cause a lot of itching and burning. Tea tree is an essential oil and, as such, needs to be mixed with a carrier oil.

Send secure message to advice nurse via the UHS website or call 814- 863-4463.

Vaginitis is an inflammation of the vagina. Yeast infections can be caused by something that kills off the normal bacteria in your vagina, like antibiotics, or something that promotes the growth of yeast, like having high blood sugar, or trapping moisture against your skin with tight-fitting, non-breathable fabrics, Dr. The most common bacteria, Lactobacillus acidophilus, help keep other organisms—like the yeast—under control. Wearing cotton underwear might help reduce the chances of getting a yeast infection. These infections may take weeks to completely treat. Use the following guidelines for seeking medical care when you have vaginal symptoms. Department of Health and Human Services, making this a pretty common issue women grapple with. Although vaginal candidiasis is not considered to be a sexually transmitted disease, it can occasionally be transmitted to a partner through intercourse.


It's on our skin; it can be cultured from any place. An infection can also happen if you have a weak immune system. Unfortunately, there is no reliable clinical method of differentiating the various Candida organisms. MMWR, 59(RR-12): This good bacteria was responsible for keeping the yeast in check. Always finish treatment, even if the signs of a yeast infection go away.

A vaginal yeast infection causes itching and burning of the vulva – the external area of the vagina – and pain during sex, while also producing a white, lumpy, odorless discharge. Simple changes in daily routines can help prevent future vaginal yeast infections. According to the Mayo Clinic, the juice might help cure a yeast infection — but when consumed on a regular basis, it might also cause them to keep reoccurring. You are more likely to use a treatment correctly and complete the treatment if you get to choose the type you prefer. Avoid irritating soaps (including bubble bath), vaginal sprays and douches. There isn't a critical need to rush to your gyno if you think you might have a yeast infection. You do not need to treat partners unless they have symptoms.

Some other conditions that raise the risk of vaginal yeast infections include having frequent or chronic high blood sugar and having lowered immunity because of a medical condition such as HIV or AIDS.

Yeast Infection Treatment

Sometimes there is pain during urination. After swimming or exercising, she should quickly change out of the wet or damp gear and into dry, looser fitting clothing. Establishing a proper diagnosis will lay the foundation for an effective therapeutic plan.

If chronic skin changes occur or ulcers exist, a vulvar biopsy may help identify lichen sclerosus, squamous epithelial hyperplasia, other vulvar dermatoses, or even cancer and its precursors. As girls mature and go through puberty, hormonal changes can make them more at risk for yeast infections — sometimes, girls get yeast infections right before their menstrual periods. If you have had a yeast infection before and can recognize the symptoms, and you aren't pregnant, you can treat yourself at home with medicines you can buy without a prescription. In fact, it’s estimated that 3 out of 4 women will get more than two vaginal yeast infections in their lifetime. Signs and Symptoms:

Tools & Resources

Infections caused by other species of yeast may be more resistant to standard treatment approaches. Yeast infections are not contagious and are not considered STI’s. A vaginal yeast infection means that too many yeast cells are growing in the vagina. If you prefer a less messy alternative to the creams that are sold OTC, ask your physician for a prescription medication such as Diflucan, a one-dose oral medication. If your daughter is experiencing any symptoms of a yeast infection, like itchiness or abnormal vaginal discharge, she should see her doctor or gynecologist.

It almost makes you automatically clench up your vaginal muscles, as if that could prevent unwanted intruders from disrupting your sexual health, doesn't it?

Your healthcare provider will ask about your symptoms and medical history.

What Are The Symptoms Of A Yeast Infection?

Yeast infection in the mouth (thrush) may be treated with a medicated mouthwash. 5 When considering the results of these studies, it is apparent that the best chance for making an accurate diagnosis remains with the clinician. You can avoid vaginal irritation during sexual intercourse by using a lubricant. Yeast infections are caused from an overgrowth of the Candida fungus. Anyone using a vaginal treatment should abstain from sex until the infection has been completely treated — these medications can weaken condoms and diaphragms. Using scented sanitary products and douching can upset the healthy balance of bacteria in the vagina and make yeast infections more likely.

If you practice good genital hygiene, you can help prevent infection. Noninfectious vaginitis occurs when the skin around the vagina becomes sensitive to an irritant, such as scented tampons, perfumed soaps, or fabric softeners. Your health care provider may tell you that you need to take medicine every month to prevent yeast infections. Irritant dermatitis Irritation Burning Erythema of vulva and/or vestibule Normal pH Negative microscopy Negative fungal culture Removal of potential irritants Topical corticosteroid ointment Vulvar vestibulitis Often minor irritation or burning in day-to-day activities Acquired dyspareunia with intromission Pain with other contact with introitus (e. )Some products may be specifically suited for cooking, rather than for use on skin, so compare products and brands to choose an appropriate product. Keeping the area clean and dry may help prevent an infection, but if symptoms do show up, a doctor can treat the infection. These are available over-the-counter or with a prescription.

Medicine put into the vagina can be uncomfortable. It is a good idea to test for allergies to oil of oregano on the forearm before use. Avoid tight-fitting clothing, such as panty hose, and tight-fitting jeans. Yeast infections. In cases of RVVC secondary to C. If your vaginal chemistry gets thrown off balance, the normal yeast that live in your vagina can grow too much and lead to an infection. A yeast infection is caused by a fungus called Candida. The supplements are taken orally or inserted vaginally.

Other Groups' Resources

Most yeast infections lead to itching, burning, and/or redness in or around the vagina. Zava, health24 and the expert accept no responsibility or liability for any damage or personal harm you may suffer resulting from making use of this content. A sample of vaginal discharge may be sent to a laboratory to confirm the diagnosis. The use of condoms is often recommended. They’ll also look at the surrounding area for external signs of infection. If you are pregnant, it is important to be evaluated for vaginal symptoms. See your doctor if your yeast infection symptoms don’t improve after your period ends. Other remedies such as coconut oil or essential oils do not have any evidence of being effective.

All About Pregnancy

If your symptoms continue, you can use nonprescription medicine. Taking antibiotics sometimes causes this imbalance. Yeast infection test If this is your first suspected yeast infection, you’ll want to get a proper diagnosis from a doctor. One good choice is cotton underwear. Never self-treat unless you’ve talked to your health care provider.

14 When treating women with RVVC, controlling any underlying medical conditions may be helpful. Blastospores, hyphae and pseudohyphae in a case of vulvovaginal candidiasis. Yeast infection also is known as candidiasis. How are yeast infections treated? Lab tests are usually ordered for women who have yeast infections on a regular basis or for infections that won’t go away. Half of those women will have at least one recurrence. This means they get more than 4 vaginal yeast infections in a year.

Vaginal itching usually gets worse the longer you have the infection.


About 3 out of 4 women will experience at least one yeast infection during their lifetimes. After having unprotected sex with a partner who has a yeast infection, you may have more than the normal amount of yeast in your vagina. This information is intended to inform and educate and is not a replacement for medical evaluation, advice, diagnosis or treatment by a healthcare professional. However, recent research suggests that eating garlic has no effect on the levels of yeast in the vagina. But many women think that they have a yeast infection when they actually have another problem. A healthy immune system and some "good" bacteria keep the amount in a person's body under control. Having a condition such as poorly controlled diabetes or can lead to too much yeast growing in the vagina. Yeast infections also can cause vaginal itching and redness of the vulva (the lips of the external female genital area) and vagina.

This can happen because of hormones, medicines, or changes in the immune system.

Your health care provider or a person working in a lab will then look at the sample under a microscope to see if you have an overgrowth of yeast. Much research is currently focused on possible abnormalities of the local vaginal immune response to yeast and their role in laying the groundwork for the patient's next infection. Also, women with suppressed immune systems (for example, those taking cortisone-related medications such as prednisone) develop vaginal yeast infections more frequently than women with normal immunity. Some women think that eating foods with lactobacillus organisms, such as yogurt or acidophilus milk, will help prevent yeast infections. Clotrimazole, there are in fact no proven home remedies to cure a fungal infection once it is present. Intense vaginal itching. Yeast infections are treated with medicated ointments or other anti-yeast (antifungal) preparations. What can happen if you don't get treated for a yeast infection? If your symptoms do not resolve or worsen with self-treatment it is critical to be evaluated by a health care provider.

Vaginal yeast infections are called vulvovaginal candidiasis because Candida is the species of yeast that causes almost all vaginal yeast infections (3).

Risk Factors

In the United States, it is the second most common type of vaginal infection after bacterial vaginal infections. Antibiotics change the normal balance between germs in the vagina. The rash can be controlled by frequent changing and, if needed, medicated powders.

Women who have diabetes​ are more likely to experience recurrent yeast infections, since elevated blood sugars appear in the mucus of the vagina and vulva, encouraging yeast growth. Too much sugar can up your risk. Talk with your doctor before using an antifungal medicine along with warfarin. If these products are not effective in the time specified on the instructions, a doctor should be contacted for follow-up. Yeast infections are more common in women with higher estrogen levels — such as pregnant women or women taking high-dose estrogen birth control pills or estrogen hormone therapy.

Wear cotton underwear to help to prevent a vaginal or genital yeast infection. Having diabetes, especially if your blood sugars are not well controlled and tend to be high. Antifungal medicines that you take as a pill by mouth affect the entire body (so it can also treat any yeast infection elsewhere in the body). Unlike a yeast infection, you’ll need a prescription antibiotic to clear up BV. It’s important to schedule an appointment with your doctor for proper diagnosis and treatment, as lack of appropriate treatment can lead to serious complications. Before purchasing any suppositories, consult with a doctor.

Other Treatment

In the general population, approximately 15 to 20 percent of women are asymptomatically colonized with yeast. Patients who report manifestations of these symptoms must be referred to a physician for prescription medications. Yeast infections occur when the balance of organisms in your vagina is upset, and the amount of yeast grows too much, causing an infection. It is important to change the tampon regularly. Lopez JEM (2020). This is not an infection, and the solution is simple:

Sometimes candida overgrowth happens after a girl has taken antibiotics for a bacterial infection (such as strep throat) because antibiotics can kill off the “good” bacteria that keep the candida from growing. OTC and Prescription Medications: Otherwise, use a water-soluble lubricating jelly (such as K-Y Jelly) to reduce irritation. Three out of four women will get a vaginal yeast infection during their life. Having high estrogen levels (hyperestrogenemia), such as during pregnancy, hormone therapy (HT or ET) use, high-dose birth control pill use, and the menstrual cycle. In fact, this happy little community helps protect you and keep you healthy.

That's because the signs – itching and burning of the vulva, pain during sex and a white, lumpy, odorless discharge – are similar to bacterial vaginosis, an STI that can increase your risk for contracting other STIs, including HIV, and may lead to problems with pregnancy. But when that balance is disrupted, the yeast rapidly grows and you can get a yeast infection. The symptoms of a yeast infection depend on where it happens on your body.

When to Contact a Medical Professional

Vaginal yeast infections are typically caused by the yeast species Candida albicans. What are the symptoms of bacterial vaginosis? Have any other symptoms that may point to a vaginal infection. Strong fish-like odor, especially after sex. Sexual contact can spread it, but women who aren’t sexually active can also get them. Your doctor will first conduct a pelvic exam, making note of any visible discharge, redness, and swelling. How a medicine can be administered.

It’s important to treat yeast infection early, especially if you’re pregnant, so that you can prevent any such complications.

Key Points About Yeast Infection

When there’s an overgrowth of this fungus, it can lead to yeast infection. Test the diluted oil on an area the size of a dime on the forearm, and if there is no reaction in 12 to 24 hours, it may be safe to use on the more sensitive genital area. Sometimes thrush causes no symptoms at all. Pregnant women are also at greater risk, because they have higher levels of estrogen – which is thought to cause the vagina to produce more glycogen, which hikes the risk for a yeast infection. For infrequent recurrences, the simplest and most cost-effective management is self-diagnosis and early initiation of topical therapy. Yeast is a fungus normally found on your skin.

"It's ubiquitous in the environment," he says.

If the patient’s sexual partner has yeast symptoms, they might want to consider treatment, too.


There are significant differences between occasional, easily treatable yeast infections and recurrent infections that seriously affect a woman's life. If you suspect that you’re struggling with a vaginal yeast infection, you can use over-the-counter antifungal medication to try to clear it up, Dr. Yeast infection. It doesn't help that fungus thrives in warm, moist environments (like your vagina), so it's important that you start treating a yeast infection right away before your symptoms get worse. An infection that is spread by sexual contact, including chlamydia, gonorrhea, human papillomavirus (HPV), herpes, syphilis, and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV, the cause of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome [AIDS]). Your doctor can do a swab and confirm under the microscope whether it is an overgrowth of yeast or not. Appointments can be made online via the UHS website, by phone 814-863-0774, or in person.


In one survey2 of 105 women with chronic vaginal symptoms, 73 percent self-treated with OTC products and 42 percent used alternative medicines. These are available without a prescription and are available to purchase online, or are found in: You say the phrase and it immediately conjures images of itching, burning, and lots of wiggling around in your seat. 5 Positive amine test Epithelial cells with more than 20% clue cells Oral metronidazole (Flagyl), 500 mg twice daily for seven days Topical metronidazole gel 0.