Do I Have a Yeast Infection or Something Else?

Barrier protection (condoms/dams) should always be used when having sex with a partner whose previous sexual habits or partners are unknown.

Health experts also advise taking quick showers instead of long, hot baths. Can you have sex with a UTI? Stress, pregnancy, and illnesses that affect the immune system may allow yeast to multiply. The overproduction of yeast that causes a yeast infection can be caused by a number of different factors including: Here's are the best ways to prevent and treat yeast infections.

During outbreaks, clusters of small, painful lesions appear and eventually rupture and ooze. These typically look like smooth, round bumps that are about one to two millimeters in diameter. For one, they help keep the vagina clean and free of harmful pathogens. The optimal treatment of nonalbicans VVC remains unknown. When present, symptoms may include: Is this considered normal, or might something be wrong? In order to best understand the symptoms of chlamydia, it's helpful to briefly review the female and male genitalia.

How did I get it ?

The infection is often asymptomatic, so many carriers of the infection may not know they have it. Symptoms differ based on the person, the severity of the infection, and the type of sexually transmitted infection contracted. Every infection is different, so the treatment you undergo may be different from others’. There is a stigma about STIs/STDs that often causes people to feel shame, perhaps about their sexual past. Other times, vaginitis is accompanied by pain and discomfort, which may point to a yeast infection or bacterial vaginosis. Involvement of the cervix can cause pain with sex (dyspareunia) and bleeding between periods. Call us here at 844-394-8520 or else find a testing location near you.

Under normal circumstances Candida is present in the vagina but is kept in check by lactobacillus bacteria.

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And while the treatment for a UTI is pretty simple (generally an antibiotic will work) the condition becomes more difficult to manage as the infection progresses. Chlamydia is a nationally notifiable disease and reporting is important to understand more about the infection. Signs include vulvar edema, fissures, excoriations, and thick curdy vaginal discharge. Noninfectious vaginitis usually refers to vaginal irritation without an infection being present.

Some STDs, like chlamydia, gonorrhea, and trich, are curable through prescription antibiotics. If this regimen is not feasible, topical treatments used intermittently can also be considered. Every year worldwide, there are approximately 357 million new infections of syphilis, chlamydia, gonorrhea, and trichomoniasis. Antibiotics can reduce the “friendly bacteria” that keep candida albicans in check, allowing yeast to overgrow. The symptoms in women include a heavy, yellow-green or gray vaginal discharge, discomfort during intercourse, vaginal odor, and painful urination. Trichomoniasis, on the other hand, is sexually transmitted and it will be important for sex partners to be treated, so it is not passed back and forth.

  • The following are the most common symptoms for bacterial vaginosis.
  • Although chlamydia and gonorrhea don't always present with symptoms, when they do, unusual discharge is one of the top signs.
  • Some people have very painful symptoms during their first outbreak.
  • Many women with BV don’t have symptoms, but BV can cause pain, itching, or burning in or around the outside of the vagina.


If that’s happened, then you might notice that your vagina’s discharges – which largely consist of vaginal bacteria – are a little different than usual. Normal vaginal discharge can range from clear and slippery, like raw egg white (around the time of ovulation) to sticky and yellow/white or cloudy (just before and after a period). The lower urinary tract and vagina can serve as gateways for bacteria to enter the body, and, as a result, unwanted infections can appear. So if you have the classic symptoms — fishy odor, abnormal discharge, and/or itching or burning — use the strip test to check your vagina's acidity level. When comparing a yeast infection vs UTI, while some of the symptoms might seem similar, they’re actually very different infections. If he is negative, methods to reduce transmission, such as abstinence during outbreaks, condoms, and consideration of suppressive therapy are recommended. Three out of four women are diagnosed with a yeast infection at some point in their life, according to a recent survey. Do note that approximately 70% of people infected with trichomoniasis do not show any symptoms.

Since your vagina is sensitive, using perfumed or heavily-scented products might actually be the reason your yeast infection showed up.

What to expect from OTC treatment

Wear loose cotton clothing instead. Treating current or recent sexual partners is also important to avoid re-infection. If your symptoms don't go away with medication, or you develop repeat infections, get evaluated by a gynecologist to rule out other possible health issues. While particular STDs can lead to abnormal vaginal discharges, a reliable diagnosis requires the use of laboratory-testing techniques. The normal-sized uterus is nontender, with no masses, and normal adnexa. To help avoid them, follow your doctor's advice, wear cotton underwear, and try to wear loose-fitting clothes. Gardasil vaccine available for female adolescents and teens to prevent HPV infection and cervical cancer.

BV is caused by an imbalance of that bacteria. Symptoms include pain or discomfort during sex; burning, redness and swelling of the vaginal area; a thick, white cottage cheese-like discharge that doesn't smell bad; and pain during urination. Symptoms of Trichomoniasis – Trichomoniasis, like many other STDs, often occurs without any symptoms.

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It's not uncommon to have a second yeast infection, although it's rare to have repeated infections. Concerned that you may have a yeast infection? Yeast infections are more common during the second half of the menstrual cycle, while taking birth control pills or during pregnancy. It is also possible for a woman to transmit a yeast infection to her sexual partner.

Some women have tried treating a yeast infection by inserting yogurt directly into their vaginas. These infections can be life-threatening to you and your baby. She had a normal Pap smear at her annual visit six months ago. You may have heard that the gut is full of friendly bacteria. Same goes for things like laundry detergents that touch the sheets and towels that get close to your nethers, or douching, which can also piss off your vagina.

  • Through STDcheck, you can directly order STD testing online and visit the lab with no appointment necessary.
  • What are the symptoms of noninfectious vaginitis?
  • Oral fluconazole (i.)
  • Studies suggest that half of all sexually active young adults will get an STD by the age of 25.

What About My Partner(s)?

Still, it’s important to follow up with your healthcare provider if you’re pregnant and have a yeast infection that’s not getting better. If you use a cream or suppository to treat a yeast infection, do not depend on a condom or diaphragm for birth control. One type of virus that causes viral vaginitis is the herpes simplex virus (HSV, or simply herpes) whose primary symptom is pain in the genital area associated with lesions and sores. Since most men do not present symptoms with trichomoniasis, the infection is often not diagnosed until the woman develops symptoms of vaginitis. Who is at risk for vaginal Candida infections? But yeast in the vagina can sometimes "overgrow" and lead to symptoms of a yeast infection. Treatment – Various antifungal vaginal medications are available to treat yeast infections. The warts look like raised, flesh-colored lumps or bumps that have a cauliflower-like appearance.

STDs in women

You may not know you have chlamydia, as it often doesn't cause symptoms. Candida albicans - a microscopic yeast - lives in and on our bodies. Refer to the ‘Vulval Conditions’ fact sheet for more information on these conditions. Otherwise, you could develop a resistance to the medication. If you notice an unusual discharge, it’s recommended that you consult with your healthcare provider, as they will be the in the best position to evaluate all of your symptoms and provide an accurate diagnosis. If you have diabetes, keeping blood sugar levels stable is a way to avoid yeast infections.

” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. When the balance between the “good” bacteria and the “bad” bacteria is upset, “bad” bacteria grow too fast and cause infections. On the basis of available data, therapy for uncomplicated and complicated VVC in women with HIV infection should not differ from that for seronegative women.


A doctor can also prescribe an oral pill. In the meantime, resist the urge to scratch so you can give your skin the chance to heal. If you think you have an infection, call your doctor for advice. According to Women's Health, about 5% of women experience four or more vaginal yeast infections in a single year. Women can contact the Women's Health Information Line on (07) 3216 0376 or 1800 017 676 (toll free from outside Brisbane) for further information on where to access sexual health checks, vaginal health checks and Pap smears in Queensland. © Women's Health Queensland Wide Inc. Are there any other symptoms you have had such as vaginal discharge or vaginal odor? This webpage is for information purposes only and is not a substitute for professional medical advice.

Specific treatment for vulvitis will be determined by your physician based on: Urrutia says one of the best things you can do for vaginal health is pay attention to what’s happening “down there” on a regular basis. All of these types of medicine can clear up your symptoms in a couple of days and cure the infection within a week. This is because trichomoniasis (or trich, as it’s commonly known) is caused by a parasite that is carried in sexual fluids, including semen, pre-ejaculate and vaginal fluids.

  • Is vaginal thrush an STI or not?
  • Any sexually active woman can get a chlamydia infection.


They are treated only if they have a problem. The warts can appear anywhere on the skin where sexual contact has occurred. Whether or not yeast can be transmitted sexually is unknown. Washing with plain water or a mild soap. Women can also experience a strong odor with this discharge. A yeast infection is not a sexually transmitted infection (STI). Some women may have a white or gray discharge. The typical symptoms of a yeast infection:

As mentioned, yeast infections can be treated with OTC antifungal medications, which come in many forms, including pills, creams and suppositories that are inserted into the vagina.

What To Expect From Prescription Treatment

If recurrence occurs, 600 mg of boric acid in a gelatin capsule is recommended, administered vaginally once daily for 2 weeks. Indeed, a myriad of factors can cause a yeast infection, including: Persons with hepatitis A may suddenly become ill, experiencing jaundice, fatigue, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, dark urine, light stools, and fever. Trich will not go away on its own, so it’s important to get treated before you pass the infection to other partners. Her advice to women who think they have a yeast infection is to call their doctor or women's health nurse practitioner for an appointment. Make sure to read the dosing instructions, even if you’ve used OTC yeast infection treatments before. Because yeast infections and BV have such similar symptoms, it can be hard to tell which you are experiencing, and self-diagnosing is often inaccurate, Dr. This is commonly known as thrush.

Whenever, wherever you need us, we’re here for you. Keeping your genital area clean and dry. Schedule the exam when you do not have your monthly period. Unusual vaginal discharge, frequent or painful urination, and uncomfortable itching may all be signs of a yeast infection, UTI or STD. This misdiagnosis of vaginal infections is an important issue: But because BV, trichomoniasis, and yeast infection are difficult to distinguish on the basis of symptoms alone, a woman with vaginal symptoms should see her physician for an accurate diagnosis before using these products. How is a vaginal Candida infection diagnosed?