5 Vaginal Yeast Infection Symptoms

Although it can affect any woman, candidiasis is more frequent among women who are pregnant, diabetic or obese.

Most women have a vaginal yeast infection at some time. The hormone changes of pregnancy make thrush more likely. If natural secretions are not sufficient then use a lubricant when you have sex. Your health care provider may tell you that you need to take medicine every month to prevent yeast infections. Trying to treat another non-yeast-related condition with antifungals will not only be ineffective. Thrush when breastfeeding, itching or burning pain , especially after breastfeeds. Or it could be related to hormone changes, or problems with your immune system. He or she may be able to prescribe a treatment that can help prevent your recurring yeast infections.

In the past few decades, centers devoted to evaluating and treating women with chronic vaginitis have been established at various academic medical centers.

A healthy vagina contains bacteria and some yeast cells. Thrush in men: symptoms, treatment, and more, candida albicans is a common fungus often harbored in the mouth, digestive tract, or vagina without causing adverse symptoms. 14 When treating women with RVVC, controlling any underlying medical conditions may be helpful. Menstrual blood raises the vaginal pH, causing the number of yeast cells to decrease because they can't grow in the pH present during menstruation.

Use pads instead of tampons while you are using nonprescription vaginal medicines. However, friction when you have sex may cause minor damage to the vagina which may make Candida spp. Some even experience it 4 or more times in a year.

If you suspect that you’re struggling with a vaginal yeast infection, you can use over-the-counter antifungal medication to try to clear it up, Dr. Candida albicans is the most common type of fungus to cause yeast infections. If you are unfamiliar with your symptoms, see your doctor for an accurate diagnosis. Girls may feel more comfortable and have less irritation if they wear breathable cotton underwear and loose clothes and avoid vaginal sprays and douches.

Keep your vaginal area clean.

Top Navigation

Vaginal yeast infections are not sexually transmitted. Before purchasing any suppositories, consult with a doctor. (7) Systemic Candidiasis. Yeast infection (vaginal): symptoms, causes, diagnosis, treatment, but what ways can a yeast infection be treated at home? But many women think that they have a yeast infection when they actually have another problem.

Alternatively a lower dose is used for several days. Most yeast infections involve Candida albicans ( C. )Have any other symptoms that may point to a vaginal infection. It’s best to not have sex until a yeast infection is gone because sex can cause more discomfort, and the vaginal creams and suppositories may weaken latex condoms. See a GP or go to a sexual health clinic if:

Cultures for trichomoniasis, gonorrhea and chlamydia are indicated if the secretions reveal many white blood cells but no underlying cause is found. It can make irritation worse or cause cuts in your skin, which can spread germs and lead to more infection. Some things that can cause changes in your vagina’s environment are: A vaginal yeast infection is a common problem caused by the Candida yeast. (3) Penis, infected by Candida. These may be especially useful for women with recurrent infections. This is not to say that every course of antibiotics will lead to thrush. Yeast infections can be easily treated with ointments or other anti-yeast (antifungal) creams.

What Causes Thrush

Although various herbal remedies have been touted for women with yeast infections, there’s no data on their efficacy (or lack thereof) in men, and traditional treatment is so safe and simple that there’s no compelling reason to explore these possibilities. Candida/yeast hypersensitivity syndrome, note that candida overgrowth can be just one part of a larger gut problem. However, yeast infections can be confused with other vaginal issues like STIs, a skin allergy to latex or feminine hygiene products, a lack of estrogen in the vagina, or tears in the vagina, says Sherry A. Yeast infection. So far there is no evidence for this connection. Before using antifungals, it is important to be sure that the symptoms are due to a yeast infection.

Trichomoniasis: Once it is clear whether the infection is uncomplicated or complicated, treatment can begin. Sometimes, two to three doses of oral fluconazole may be recommended instead of direct vaginal therapy. The symptoms of a yeast infection depend on where it happens on your body. Prevalence of candida spp. in cervical-vaginal samples and the in vitro susceptibility of isolates. Over-the-counter or prescription antifungal creams used twice a day for between one to three weeks will clear the infection. Signs of infection may get worse without treatment.

To be sure this product is right for you, always read and follow the label. Overgrowth of yeast can result from: If you have to take antibiotics and are getting lots of yeast infections, talk to your health care provider about using an anti-yeast cream or pill. Vaginal discharge that is usually white, thick, clumpy, and odorless. People can use 3-5 drops of tea tree oil in 1 ounce of warmed coconut oil to soak a tampon. Candida infection: thrush, cracking at the corners of your mouth Some people with thrush don’t have any symptoms. There's a burning sensation during sex. The groin area is especially prone to Candida overgrowth because of skin folds and moisture.

Navigation Menu

Know why a new medicine or treatment is prescribed, and how it will help you. Are there any measures that can be taken to prevent recurring infections? If maintenance medications are necessary, these begin after one of the above methods of treatment has finished. Candida antigens can be presented to antigen-presenting cells, which may trigger cytokine production and activate lymphocytes and neutrophils that then cause inflammation and edema. In a 2020 study, women with chronic yeast infections inserted a specially formulated probiotic pill into the vagina. How are yeast infections treated? 2020 update by the Infectious Diseases Society of America.

In the meantime, wearing loose fitting clothing and trying to stay cool may help soothe the itch and discomfort. Other predisposing factors include: If you have lots of irritation, it may sting when you pee. Use of antibiotics. Sex may be uncomfortable or painful.


It is used in various pharmaceutical products and is also available without a prescription. When this yeast increases it can cause an infection. A tampon should be soaked in this mixture for a few minutes, then insert and change every 2-4 hours during the day. When something disrupts the vagina’s natural balance of healthy bacteria, yeast (aka the fungus Candida) can grow out of control. What is atrophic vaginitis? If your post-workout routine involves collapsing on the couch — because, hello, you just killed that spin class, so you can be lazy forever, right? Your health care provider or a person working in a lab will then look at the sample under a microscope to see if you have an overgrowth of yeast. Do not douche.

Otherwise, you should see your GP for advice.

The FDA has approved the active ingredient in two of the most commonly prescribed antifungal drugs for nonprescription use: For the vaginal wet mount, your doctor or a lab technician will mix a sample of your vaginal discharge with a salt solution, put it onto a glass slide, and look at it under a microscope. Yeast infections are more common during pregnancy.

Yeast infections are caused by an overgrowth of these normal fungi. The fungus most commonly associated with vaginal yeast infection is called Candida albicans, which account for up to 92% of all cases, with the remainder due to other species of Candida. Every year, millions of cases of vaginitis (vaginal inflammation) affect women of all ages, but they are especially susceptible during the reproductive years.

  • Taking antibiotics sometimes causes this imbalance.
  • When it affects the penis, this is known as a penile yeast infection.
  • These are available in pharmacies and health stores, or online.
  • An examination and reculture of the patient after the initial two-week regimen and then at the three- and six-month points in the maintenance regimen will ensure that the antimycotic therapy is effective and that the patient's symptoms have resolved.
  • These can become infected with other germs.


(5) effectively rules out bacterial vaginosis, whereas a pH greater than 4. Your doctor will also examine your cervix for swelling and redness, and your vaginal walls for dry, white spots. However, there's a very small risk of passing the condition on during sex, so you may want to avoid having sex until it's cleared up. Despite the lack of evidence, wearing cotton underwear and loose fitting clothing is often recommended as a preventive measure. It seems that the higher levels of estrogen in pregnancy cause the vagina to produce more glycogen (sugar), which feeds the yeast. They’ll also look at the surrounding area for external signs of infection.

Using Non-prescription Medicine

A sample of vaginal discharge may be sent to a laboratory to confirm the diagnosis. Some women also have a thick, clumpy, white discharge that has no odor and looks a little like cottage cheese. For example, if the discharge has a bad smell, or it you develop ulcers or blisters next to your vagina. Similarly, people with diabetes get yeast infections more frequently. Because of this, the American Academy of Family Physicians recommends that, for a first episode of a possible yeast infection, women see a physician to get a proper diagnosis. You may also see them if you continue to get yeast infections before your period every month. Three out of four women are diagnosed with a yeast infection at some point in their life, according to a recent survey.

The sample is put on a slide along with a drop of a special liquid.

Some studies show a link between chronic stress and vaginal yeast infections. So is your first yeast infection. 5 When considering the results of these studies, it is apparent that the best chance for making an accurate diagnosis remains with the clinician. Yeast infection after sex While it’s possible to develop a yeast infection after having sex, a yeast infection itself is not an STI.

If your symptoms continue, you can use nonprescription medicine. However, this number may represent an overestimate because patients in this study had been initially screened by telephone and were only evaluated and included in the study if they had symptoms consistent with vulvovaginal candidiasis. Douching, using vaginal products that have fragrance chemicals, hanging out in wet or sweaty clothing and swimsuits, and wearing underwear that's too tight.

Everyday Health Women's Health Yeast Infection

The men were asked to collect at home urine, fecal and semen samples and a tongue swabbing. This infection is also called candidiasis. Women with weak immune systems or other medical problems may need longer treatment.

You should consider visiting your doctor for specific advice, notably if: Vaginitis is an inflammation of the vagina. You can obtain topical treatments on prescription, or you can buy some of them without a prescription at pharmacies. If you've had thrush before and think you have it again, you can normally treat it with medication bought from a local pharmacy.

The symptoms of a yeast infection depend on where it is located in the body. You can obtain these treatments on prescription; you can also buy fluconazole without a prescription from pharmacies. Use mild, unscented soap and water. A type of vaginal infection caused by the overgrowth of a number of organisms that are normally found in the vagina. You may also pass on a yeast infection to your baby’s mouth during breastfeeding if Candida overgrowth is present in the breast area. Douching is not effective for treating yeast, and can actually increase the risk of getting STIs, HIV, pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) and other vaginal infections like bacterial vaginosis (9,11,12). If you have diabetes. Another possibility is having vaginal intercourse with a man who has a penile yeast infection.

Women with immune-suppressing diseases such as diabetes and HIV infection also are at increased risk.

Can Vaginal Yeast Infections Be Prevented?

As such, people should not use garlic if they have sensitive skin. Schaffir says, while others can be in agony. Other remedies such as coconut oil or essential oils do not have any evidence of being effective. Change out of wet clothing and swimsuits right away. Yeast is a single-celled microorganism which can live in the vagina.

Unfortunately (or fortunately, depending on how you look at it), not every woman experiences the usual itching, burning, weird discharge symptoms right away. Your health care provider may also do a culture of the discharge, particularly if you have had yeast infections that keep coming back. Increased estrogen levels. Complicated yeast infection In the case of a complicated yeast infection, treatment will include the use of long-course vaginal therapy or multi-dose oral formulations. How do you prevent vaginal thrush? How is trichomoniasis treated? Candidiasis is caused by a fungus-like yeast.

Furthermore, in women who experienced a recurrence after taking prolonged courses of systemic ketoconazole for RVVC and who experienced a recurrence following cessation of therapy, the recurrence often occurred in the presence of negative rectal cultures for yeast.


Share on Pinterest A doctor can help to find a suitable treatment. And taking antibiotics when they are not needed can make yeast infections more likely. The use of douches or perfumed vaginal hygiene sprays may also increase a woman's risk of developing a vaginal yeast infection. How is vaginitis treated?

Health Solutions From Our Sponsors

Other treatments may be needed for infections that are more severe, that don’t get better, or that keep coming back after getting better. These infections are very common. Are not pregnant. In addition to Reed, study authors include Philip Zazove, M. A single large dose inserted into the vagina is often sufficient to clear a bout of thrush. Breast and nipple thrush (bnt; breast and nipple candidiasis; mammary candidiasis). View/Print Table TABLE 2 Potential Causes for Elevated Vaginal pH Physiologic causes Menses Heavy cervical mucus (i. )

Note that oral anti-fungal medications are not recommended for use during pregnancy.

What Happens

The study received funding from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. Always read and follow the label. Have a weakened immune system - for example, if you are on chemotherapy treatment for cancer or are taking long-term steroid medication for whatever reason. Over-the-counter treatments for yeast infections, yeast infections can develop both inside the vagina and on the external tissue called the vulva. That way you'll know if an over-the-counter treatment will actually work, or if you need to grab a prescription for something stronger.

If you are pregnant, it is important to be evaluated for vaginal symptoms. A more visual sign of a possible yeast infection is vaginal discharge, which may be watery or thicker than normal, even white and curd-like (almost like cottage cheese). You can pass a yeast infection during oral or vaginal intercourse. 17 Treating patients who continue to have symptoms while on therapy or who experience a recurrence shortly after completing therapy is a particularly difficult problem. Treating a vaginal yeast infection can relieve symptoms within a few days. Yeast is not spread from person to person. But that balance can be disrupted.

Your doctor will ask about your medical history. Your doctor will examine your vaginal walls and cervix. Exams and Tests Your doctor may be able to diagnose your vaginal symptoms based on your medical history and a vaginal exam. This can happen if: