Vaginal Yeast Infection Symptoms, Treatments, Home Remedies & Causes

These fungi can be found all over the body and are normally present in warm and moist areas of the body.

Experts at the Department of Urogynaecology, KK Women's and Children's Hospital (KKH) tell you all you need to know. If you practice good genital hygiene, you can help prevent infection. How to cure candida naturally, stress elevates our blood sugar, which feeds candida, and also lowers our immune system, which prevents our body to properly fight off pathogens like candida yeast. Vinegar should be diluted in water before touching the skin.

Boric acid vaginal suppositories may also be used with medications to treat vaginal infections. Some doctors recommend adding yogurt and/or cranberry juice to the diet to help restore a normal vaginal environment that will not favor the overgrowth of fungus. Are not pregnant. This is done with either over-the-counter products or alternative therapies. A water-soluble lubricant also may be helpful during intercourse.

How common are vaginal yeast infections?

One small study2 of 33 women showed a decrease in yeast colonization of the vagina when women ate 8 oz. Scratching the vaginal area can leave open or raw areas. Medicine in a pill form that you take by mouth is also available. While the pill is less messy, the creams start relieving symptoms faster. Eight home remedies for a yeast infection, if you feel better before day 7 cancel your appointment. Signs and Symptoms: When the balance of bacteria and yeast is changed, it can cause yeast to grow rapidly, inflaming the vagina.

The symptoms of vaginal thrush include vulval itching, vulval soreness and irritation, pain or discomfort during sexual intercourse (superficial dyspareunia), pain or discomfort during urination (dysuria) and vaginal discharge, which is usually odourless. Oral thrush in newborns, antibiotics reduce the levels of healthy bacteria in our bodies, and this means fungi have an easier time growing. Penile inflammation (balanitis): There’s a strong cadre of women on the Internet who swear that inserting a garlic clove into the vagina will clear a yeast infection.

Symptoms Of Vaginal Yeast Infection

Don’t take leftover antibiotics or someone else’s antibiotics if you think you have an infection. People with sensitive skin may experience burning and even skin damage. For those with sensitive skin, this may not be a good choice. The main symptom is increased discharge with a strong fishy odor. Sometimes, two to three doses of oral fluconazole may be recommended instead of direct vaginal therapy. You may have other tests if you have vaginal yeast infections that are severe or that keep coming back (recur), such as: If you put a clove of garlic in your vagina, does it really treat what's going on in the vagina or is it just sitting there with all the active ingredients sitting in a clove of garlic? Fortunately, you can take steps to prevent these uncomfortable infections if you know the conditions they thrive in.

  • For women who have chronic vaginal problems, a majority of them—about two thirds—will try at least one form of alternative medication.
  • It is caused by a type of fungus called yeast.
  • Your doctor may also take a sample of the vaginal discharge for quick examination under a microscope in the office.
  • Should I see my doctor every time I have a yeast infection?

Profile Menu

Dweck to give us the lowdown on each treatment type—and also weigh in on whether or not home remedies are worth trying. Your doctor will be able to help you distinguish the differences between a yeast infection and BV. A complicated infection (one that has severe symptoms or keeps coming back, a rare strain of yeast or any infection in a diabetic or pregnant patient) will likely need longer treatment, including over a week of a vaginal cream or two to four rounds of an oral medication. Having many vaginal yeast infections may be a sign of other health problems. Many sufferers have devised creative home remedies for calming this vaginal fury. Date reviewed: Some studies suggest that the use of pads and tampons, or wearing tight synthetic clothing increases the risk for yeast infections, while other studies suggest there is no link between these and yeast infections (2,5). Synthetic underwear may also cause allergy and hypersensitivity reactions that can alter the vagina environment and contribute to yeast infections.

Over-the-counter Monistat treatment is as good for an isolated episode as one pill of fluconazole, which is the standard for a single yeast infection episode. Sometimes the discharge may also be watery. The most common sign you have a yeast infection is severe and constant itchiness in and around the vagina. 3 For most infections, the treatment is an antifungal medicine applied inside the vagina or a single dose of fluconazole taken by mouth. They aren’t contagious, and can’t spread to another person during sex. What about the other treatments I have heard about for yeast infections? Some women will have it more than once.

This includes whether you’ve had yeast infections before.

Related Links

The vaginal ecosystem changes over the different stages of a woman’s life, such as the menstrual cycle, pregnancies, puberty, menopause, sexual activity, contraception, and with hygiene. Problems with your immune system that affect the normal balance of yeast and bacteria in the body. This is because vaginal medicine isn't absorbed into your body and only affects the genital area. These infections are caused by something that’s already in your body—a fungal body (yeast) called candida. Up to 40% of women seek alternatives to treat vaginal yeast infection. There are many lifestyle changes you can make to help speed the clearing of an infection and prevent a recurrence. A yeast infection is a common type of fungal infection.

Clothing (especially underwear) that's tight or made of materials like nylon that trap heat and moisture might make yeast infections more likely. This may help keep the bacteria that normally live in your rectum from getting into your vagina. The information provided is not a substitute for consultation with a healthcare provider. They didn't really have follow-up cultures. Yeast infections are common in women who take antibiotics. Treating a vaginal yeast infection can relieve symptoms within a few days. It’s important to treat yeast infection early, especially if you’re pregnant, so that you can prevent any such complications. Do not wear tight clothing.

Featured Content:

Probiotic suppositories and supplements Probiotics help restore the bacteria-yeast balance throughout your body. Stress, pregnancy, and illnesses that affect the immune system may allow yeast to multiply, as can certain medicines. Oral thrush & 18+ natural treatments to relieve it, they should also boil nipples and pacifiers after each use, says Dr. If the infection does not respond to nonprescription medications, an oral antifungal can be prescribed by the doctor. Medicine choices Vaginal antifungal medicines, such as miconazole (Monistat) and tioconazole (Vagistat), are available in 1-day, 3-day, and longer courses, depending on the strength of the medicine. Many people may self-diagnose a yeast infection when they are experiencing symptoms. While yeast infections won’t hurt your baby, it’s possible to pass the Candida fungus to them during delivery. While yeast infections in babies are usually harmless, they can lead to more serious infections when left untreated. Yeast infection in babies While yeast infections are commonly associated with vaginal infections, babies can also get them.

However, a word of caution should be given.


They're not considered sexually transmitted infections. Women are more prone to genital yeast infections, with 75 percent experiencing at least one in their lives. Having a condition such as poorly controlled diabetes or can lead to too much yeast growing in the vagina. Treating a yeast infection is simple, but it's important to visit your doctor for the right diagnosis, because other infections can cause similar symptoms but require different treatments. There may be severe redness, swelling, and itching, leading to skin fissures or sores.

A sex partner of someone diagnosed with a yeast infection does not need to be treated, unless they are experiencing symptoms of a yeast infection themself (6).

Boric acid is poisonous if taken by mouth. Some common symptoms include: Unfortunately, many doctors aren't aware of recommendations for maintenance therapy.

If your daughter has diabetes, keeping her blood sugar levels well controlled will help her avoid getting yeast infections. Yeast infection from antibiotics: why it happens, what will it do for me? It’s also important to dilute oils properly before use. If she does have a yeast infection, her doctor can prescribe a medicine to take by mouth or a vaginal cream, tablet, or suppository that will quickly clear up the symptoms in a few days and the infection within a week. A vaginal yeast infection is not considered a sexually-transmitted infection (STD), but 12% to 15% of men develop symptoms such as itching and penile rash following sexual contact with an infected partner.

Vaginal Yeast Infection Diagnosis

Yeast is a single-celled microorganism which can live in the vagina. Vaginal yeast infection, also known as candidiasis, occurs when there is an overgrowth of the fungus, candida albicans. If symptoms continue after treatment, see your doctor. Yeast infections often can be prevented by keeping the vaginal area clean and dry. The use of probiotics in the vagina or by mouth along with using an antifungal medication may slightly increase the chance of curing a yeast infection, compared to using an antifungal medication alone (10). Once it is clear whether the infection is uncomplicated or complicated, treatment can begin. You might also have a creamy, whitish coating in and around your vagina. Are not sure your symptoms are caused by a vaginal yeast infection.

There are patients who order gelatin capsules and boric acid, and they make it up themselves.

Learn More

These medicines upset the normal balance between yeast and bacteria in the vagina. Tune in daily for the latest and trendy makeup tips, healthcare, fashion ideas, nail art, daily life hacks, interesting DIY videos and much more. Essential oil of oregano Common oregano, or Origanum marjoram, is what you usually find in your grocery store’s spice section. If your vaginal chemistry gets thrown off balance, the normal yeast that live in your vagina can grow too much and lead to an infection. But in a 2020 review, researchers expressed skepticism about the results of earlier clinical trials on probiotic use, arguing that the women studied were often not a relevant sample—for example, they didn't report experiencing recurring vaginal infections, or the studies weren't conducted on at-risk women, such as those taking antibiotics. Other treatments after more than four episodes per year, may include ten days of either oral or topical treatment followed by fluconazole orally once per week for 6 months. Also, people can be allergic to tea tree oil. Candidiasis, sometimes referred to as a yeast infection, is an infection caused by yeast on the skin and/or mucous membranes.

Probiotics Are Likely Helpful in Fighting Yeast Infections

Vaginal yeast infection, also known as candidal vulvovaginitis and vaginal thrush, is excessive growth of yeast in the vagina that results in irritation. A woman may also experience redness and swelling of the vulvar tissue, painful urination, or pain during intercourse. However, it should be noted that people with a suppressed immune system or recent abdominal surgery should avoid probiotic supplements. What is bacterial vaginosis? Uncontrolled diabetes. A vaginal yeast infection, also known as vaginal candidiasis, genital candidiasis, or vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC), is an infection involving a type of fungus, or yeast. Your doctor can give you the right diagnosis so that you can be treated appropriately. Clinical practice guidelines for the management of candidiasis:

Conditions Treated

Even if you have had a yeast infection before, it may be a good idea to call your health care professional before using an over-the-counter medication to treat your symptoms. Some women also have a thick, clumpy, white discharge that has no odor and looks a little like cottage cheese. The candida overgrowth problem: too much yeast? no, too little science. Although she had been nervous about seeing a doctor for such a personal reason, she was relieved to learn that yeast infections can be a side effect of taking antibiotics, and that treatment is simple and painless. “Because we get back to that good bacteria that’s in the vagina, and when we douche it sort of wipes away that good bacteria that needs to be there,” Parnell says. Yeast infections happen.

Most Women Experience Symptoms Such As:

To reduce your risk of vaginal yeast infections, wear underwear that has a cotton crotch and doesn't fit too tightly. Oil of oregano is a natural blood thinner, so don’t use it (diffused or topically) if you take blood thinners for another health condition. Although they can bother you a lot, they are not usually serious. Share on Pinterest A doctor can help to find a suitable treatment. A range of treatments is available for yeast infections, including many self-administered home remedies. On the other hand, nylon and other synthetic fabrics hold moisture close to your skin, encouraging the growth of yeast. What you wear — or don’t wear — can help you avoid a yeast infection. Women with immune-suppressing diseases such as diabetes and HIV infection also are at increased risk.

These are available without a prescription and are available to purchase online, or are found in: Treatment for vagina thrush using antifungal medication is ineffective in up to 20% of cases. Some come with external wipes that are meant to be used in combination with the treatment to calm itch. Or if you’re taking antibiotics, such as for strep throat, the antibiotics can kill “good” bacteria that also live in the body and normally keep the growth of candida in the vagina in check. And after exercising, quickly change out of damp gear and into dry, looser fitting clothing. Turpentine, the fountain of youth according to dr. jennifer daniels – science-based medicine. Candida is always present on the vulva and in the vagina, but it usually lives in a mutually beneficial relationship with good bacteria in the area called Lactobacillus. Your doctor will first conduct a pelvic exam, making note of any visible discharge, redness, and swelling. By far the two most common are going to be either yogurt or probiotic pills—usually taken orally, sometimes taken vaginally.

  • “The cottage cheese-type of discharge is one that patients will commonly describe – it’s sort of a clumpy, white discharge,” says Dr.
  • If you have never been diagnosed with a vaginal yeast infection, see your doctor.
  • An apple cider vinegar bath is not the same as douching, which aims to flush out all bacteria (good and bad) from your vagina.
  • See your doctor if the symptoms persist.
  • What are the symptoms?
  • Do not apply this essential oil near your vagina.
  • The treatment also had a long-term effect on the yeast responsible for the infection.

What Is Atrophic Vaginitis?

Boric acid capsules used vaginally for 2 weeks are about 70% effective at curing a yeast infection, but can cause irritation (6,9). Though uncomfortable, these infections are common. Luckily, most can be cured or controlled with clean habits and OTC (over-the-counter) drugs. Should I use an over-the-counter medication to treat a yeast infection?

Comparing different products is recommended.

This may point to pelvic inflammatory disease (PID).

After Treatment

Studies have usually looked at a two- or three-week course of treatment. A review of research on this essential oil confirmed its ability to kill a range of yeasts and fungi. These treatments include more doses of fluconazole taken by mouth or other medicines applied inside the vagina, such as boric acid, nystatin, or flucytosine. It’s best to not have sex until a yeast infection is gone because sex can cause more discomfort, and the vaginal creams and suppositories may weaken latex condoms. If you are pregnant, do not use vaginal boric acid treatment. Most of the time, it does not cause infection or symptoms. A vaginal yeast infection, also known as candidiasis, is a common condition.

The vaginal environment can be changed by several factors, all of which increase the risk of infection. Sometimes there is pain during urination. Swelling of the vulva Yeast infections are so common that three out of four women will have one at some time in their lives. Infection occurs in about 30% of women who are taking a course of antibiotics by mouth. It's the same thing you use to get rid of cockroaches. Uncomplicated thrush is when there are less than four episodes in a year, the symptoms are mild or moderate, it is likely caused by Candida albicans, and there are no significant host factors such as poor immune function.

Yeast grows best in a warm, moist environment:

Mix 3-5 drops of essential oil per ounce of carrier oil. If you have the symptoms of a yeast infection, your doctor will probably want to talk to you about your symptoms and examine you to see if you have a yeast infection. I used that training to focus on seeing women with chronic vaginal problems. Although most vaginal candidiasis is mild, some women can develop severe infections involving redness, swelling, and cracks in the wall of the vagina. Thrush—adult, how thrush spreads The yeast that causes thrush can pass from one person to another in different ways. You may want to switch to wearing skirts or loose pants at least until the infection is cleared.

These yeast infection treatments are available in various forms, including tablets taken by mouth, as well as creams, ointments and suppositories.


All are more or less equally effective. If symptoms develop in a sexual partner, a doctor should be contacted to decide on the most effective treatment. Allicin, a compound extracted from garlic, has been found to kill yeast in the lab and in animal studies. While there is no evidence to say this works, it is a low-risk home remedy for yeast infection. Being overweight. The creams and suppositories in this regimen are oil-based and might weaken latex condoms and diaphragms. Can vaginal yeast infections be prevented? But when something happens to tip that balance, a fungus called candida can grow out of control and cause a yeast infection.

What are yeast infection symptoms? X in a circle Think you may have a yeast infection? It can also be inhaled through a diffuser. Depending on your symptoms, your doc may prescribe just one pill, or two pills taken 72 hours apart. How is a yeast infection treated? How is it spread? Using nonprescription medicine When using a nonprescription vaginal medicine for a vaginal yeast infection, follow the directions on the package insert, as well as these guidelines:


These symptoms can include: Throughout your life, you may experience a vaginal yeast infection several times. All bodies have Candida — not just the female body. Yeast infections can be annoying, especially if they happen regularly. They may alter the balance of good bacteria and yeast in your vagina. Risk factors for an STI include having sex without a condom or having more than one sex partner. Under normal circumstances, a vaginal yeast infection is not serious and can be treated with medications. Have an unusual vaginal discharge, and this is the first time you have had an infection that might be a vaginal yeast infection.