Vaginal Discharge

Further treatment is generally not necessary. Men rarely develop yeast infections, since the penis doesn't provide the warm moist environment in which yeast flourish. 2 Sometimes, Candida can multiply and cause an infection if the environment inside the vagina changes in a way that encourages its growth. What are the symptoms of a fungal infection?

Vaginal lubricants or a small dose of estrogen can help in this case.

The treatment will depend on which germ is causing the infection. There is some limited evidence that eating yogurt with an active culture and taking probiotic supplements (or using these products vaginally, if appropriate) may help prevent yeast infection. Share on Pinterest An allergic reaction to certain substances may cause the vagina to swell. If you are a healthcare provider, please refer to: This webpage is for information purposes only and is not a substitute for professional medical advice. Your doctor can do a quick swab of your vagina and let you know exactly what it is you're dealing with. Your health care provider may also do a culture of the discharge, particularly if you have had yeast infections that keep coming back. Your immune system has been weakened by anything from a cold or stress to chemotherapy treatments or HIV.

What else could I be experiencing?

Your doctor will perform a pelvic exam, which will include inspecting your vagina and vulva to see if there are external signs of infection, such as swelling and redness, and cracks in the skin of the vulva. If a person suspects that they are allergic to a particular product, it may be a good idea to stop using it and consult a dermatologist. Always wipe from front to back after using the restroom. Know why a new medicine or treatment is prescribed, and how it will help you.

All of these help to feed yeasts. The cause of the infection determines the appropriate treatment. But having a vulva and vagina can come with downsides, too, like a swollen vulva intense enough to earn you the nickname Michelin Mons or a swollen vagina that throws you for a loop. But sometimes the yeast wins out and take over, resulting in an infection. (3) Penis, infected by Candida.

  • Experts at the Department of Urogynaecology, KK Women's and Children's Hospital (KKH) tell you all you need to know.
  • The earlier vulval problems are found, the easier they are to treat.
  • Tight-fitting or nonabsorbent clothing, which leads to heat rashes.
  • Conditions such as bacterial vaginosis can affect your pregnancy, so it is important to talk with your doctor and be treated appropriately.
  • Girls who have diabetes that isn't controlled are more likely to get yeast infections.
  • Yeast infections are treated with antifungal medications.
  • They call this self examination.

Bacterial Vaginosis

Ask if your condition can be treated in other ways. A type of vaginal infection caused by a one-celled organism that is usually transmitted through sex. Over-the-counter creams and vaginal suppositories containing miconazole and clotrimazole are generally effective in treating yeast.

Since yeast infection treatments have become available over the counter (OTC), many women simply visit the closest drugstore and buy an antifungal cream. Vaginal yeast infections are called vulvovaginal candidiasis because Candida is the species of yeast that causes almost all vaginal yeast infections (3). Just as some bacteria are becoming resistant to certain antibiotics, yeast that normally lives in the vagina can become resistant to antifungal medication. Yeast infections of the nails are treated with an oral anti-yeast medicine. Most may cause some discomfort, such as redness and itching on the skin, but they may be easily treated with over-the-counter or prescription medications. Determining the agent is especially important because women may have more than one infection, or have symptoms that overlap those of another infection, which dictates different treatment processes to cure the infection. There are other medicines that may be taken by mouth for this infection, such as clindamycin (Cleocin), and there are also vaginal creams and gels. If you think you have an infection, call your doctor for advice.

  • A yeast infection may clear up on its own.
  • Low estrogen levels in women after menopause can cause vaginal dryness and thinning of the skin of the vagina and vulva.
  • It may also be a good idea to avoid products such as douches, which disrupt the bacterial balance in the vagina.
  • There's also some evidence that infections may be linked to mouth to genital contact (oral-genital sex).
  • Add garlic to your diet.
  • Anyone can get a yeast infection.


Yes, even soap, because it might bother the truly delicate skin of your genitals. It is possible for a man who has sexual contact with an infected partner to develop symptoms, such as itching and a rash on the penis, but this is relatively uncommon. But sometimes your yeast grows too much and leads to an infection. If you have used an over-the-counter medication and your symptoms do not go away, see your health care professional. Application methods and length of treatment will depend on the brand you choose.


Yeast infections (also known as candidiasis) are common infections caused by Candida albicans yeast, which is a type of fungus. This is because the symptoms might be due to an infection (such as bacterial vaginosis or an STI) that needs a completely different antibiotic or treatment. Cut down on the amount of sugar and starchy foods you eat.

Seek Care Now

Over-the-counter treatments are safe and often effective in treating yeast infections. A woman is more likely to get yeast infections if she is pregnant or has diabetes. Sepsis kills and disables millions and requires early suspicion and treatment for survival. The term edema describes a collection of water or fluid in the body.

This disorder typically occurs in people with diabetes or a weakened immune system or in otherwise healthy people whose hands are subjected to frequent wetting or washing. Learn more about when antibiotics work and when they should be avoided. In about one of every three women with vaginal symptoms, the cause of the symptoms may be harder to find. This occurs when the good bacteria in your vagina can’t keep the fungus (Candida albicans) under control, creating a suitable environment for Candida albicans to increase.

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Creams available include brand names such as Monistat, Femstat, Gyne-Lotrimin, and Mycostatin. You're pregnant or taking birth control pills. If the infection does not respond to nonprescription medications, an oral antifungal can be prescribed by the doctor. What is atrophic vaginitis? Small amounts of yeast and other organisms are normally found in your vagina, as well as in your mouth and digestive tract. 2 Because taking antibiotics can lead to vaginal candidiasis, take these medicines only when prescribed and exactly as your healthcare provider tells you. Regularly cleaning the vagina may prevent objects from becoming stuck in it.

Every year, millions of cases of vaginitis (vaginal inflammation) affect women of all ages, but they are especially susceptible during the reproductive years.

Douching is not effective for treating yeast, and can actually increase the risk of getting STIs, HIV, pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) and other vaginal infections like bacterial vaginosis (9,11,12). The more commonly used drugs include clotrimazole (sold under the brand names Canesten and Clotrimaderm) and miconazole (sold under the brand names Micozole and Monistat). A vaginal infection is present when the normal vaginal discharge changes color, becomes heavier or smells different, or if there is itching, burning, swelling, or redness around the vagina. Some of these medicines are now available without prescription, such as miconazole (Monistat) and clotrimazole (Gyne-Lotrimin or Mycelex-G), and you may use then when you know you have a yeast infection. Is there anything else I can do to prevent yeast infections?

Sometimes, the exact cause cannot be found.

Are Some Women More At Risk For Yeast Infections?

Loose clothes, especially skirts, are ideal. Change underwear and workout clothes right away after exercise. Yeast is a fungus normally found on your skin. Usually, upon a simple examination of the vagina, a physician can diagnose a yeast infection. Other common symptoms include itching, swelling, irritation or redness around the vaginal area. Yeast infections are not known to cause any serious health problems. A fungal infection on the skin may cause redness, itching, flaking, and swelling.

Keep areas where skin rubs up against skin dry and try to reduce friction. Menopausal women are the group most prone to yeast infections, but they can affect anyone. These can burst and become painful sores. The good news is when a yeast infection flares up, you're not at risk for any other health conditions. He or she will perform a pelvic exam and may do some testing to determine if it’s yeast that’s causing your symptoms. A young girl with vaginal symptoms must also be evaluated for possible sexual abuse.

What Is the Prognosis of a Yeast Infection Skin Rash?

Candida is a yeast (a type of fungus) commonly found on the skin and in the body, including the mouth, throat, gut, and vagina. Yeast infections can be annoying, especially if they happen regularly. All rights reserved. Find a Health Center A right arrow in a circle Zip, City, or State We couldn't access your location, please search for a location. The most commonly used antibiotics are metronidazole, available in both pill and gel form, and clindamycin available in both pill and cream form.

Share on Pinterest A developing fetus may put pressure on blood vessels and muscles, leading to vaginal swelling.

Yeast infections can be easily treated with ointments or other anti-yeast (antifungal) creams. Wear cotton underwear to help to prevent a vaginal or genital yeast infection. Itching is not common, but may be present if there is a lot of discharge. It's easy to confuse the symptoms of a yeast infection with those of some STDs and other vaginal infections. Symptoms include swollen labia, a green or gray discharge, and a fish-like odor. You might not have all these symptoms. In some cases, yeast infections that don't go away are an early sign of HIV infection.

After urinating, wipe gently to avoid irritation. Some sanitary products can cause a reaction, as can feminine hygiene products, bath soap, or even a change in laundry soap. The discharge will be odorless. Using antibiotics, oral contraceptive pills, and IUDs may increase the risk of getting a yeast infection for some people but not in others (5). Supplements of Lactobacillus acidophilus, available at most health food stores, can also help maintain a healthy balance of bacteria in the body and reduce the risk of yeast infections. For the vaginal wet mount, your doctor or a lab technician will mix a sample of your vaginal discharge with a salt solution, put it onto a glass slide, and look at it under a microscope. A healthy immune system and some "good" bacteria keep the amount in a person's body under control.

This is caused by a parasite and may have no symptoms.

Yeast Infections

Wearing cotton underwear might help reduce the chances of getting a yeast infection. Should I use an over-the-counter medication to treat a yeast infection? In these cases, a medication for a yeast infection will not work and may cause a delay in proper diagnosis and treatment of the actual problem. These may affect the delicate balance of yeast and bacteria in the vagina and cause yeast infections. The most common symptoms of a yeast infection are:

Ahead, a few basics to know about yeast infections.

Fortunately, the symptoms of a yeast infection usually disappear completely with the right treatment. They will examine the vulva (external genitalia) and may perform a speculum exam to examine the inside walls of the vagina. Swallow a capsule a day, or open a capsule and mix the powder with a small amount of water to form a paste. Some home treatment measures may not be appropriate, depending on the cause of your vaginal infection.

Yeast infections caused by other types of candida fungus can be more difficult to treat, and generally need more-aggressive therapies.

How Is Trichomoniasis Treated?

The herpes simplex virus often causes clusters of tiny, painful blisters to appear near the vagina. Therefore, the key factor is to get a precise diagnosis and treat with broad spectrum anti-infective agents (often also inducing adverse effects). Avoid wearing tight pantyhose or tight pants. Essentially, the “bad” bacteria in your vagina overwhelm the “good” bacteria, leading to vaginitis. But you should probably see your gynecologist (the internet is not a doctor ), or at least call them to tell them you think you have one, because there's a small chance the symptoms could be indicative of a more serious medical condition, like an STI or even diabetes. A yeast infection can also affect the anal area. This infection is also called candidiasis.

However, if an over-the-counter does not work, it could be a different type of vaginal infection and evaluation in a clinic is needed.

  • Antibiotics can reduce the “friendly bacteria” that keep candida albicans in check, allowing yeast to overgrow.
  • Vaginitis is very common.
  • If you experience any of the following symptoms, ask a healthcare professional before using MONISTAT®, as they could be signs of another type of infection.
  • Yeast infections are treated with medicated ointments or other anti-yeast (antifungal) preparations.
  • Vaginal yeast infections can also occur as a result of injury to the inner vagina, such as after chemotherapy.
  • Consuming yogurt also lacks enough research to say whether it is helpful in fighting yeast, but it’s unlikely to be harmful (9,11).

What should I do if I get repeat yeast infections?

At least once in their lives, most women have experienced the nearly intolerable itching caused by a vaginal yeast infection. Chemical fragrances are often to blame. For women who have irritation and inflammation caused by low levels of estrogen (postmenopausal), a topical estrogen cream might be prescribed. Remember that most of the time these infections are caused by an upset in the balance of bacteria that is normal in the vagina. Know the reason for your visit and what you want to happen. Yeast infection (vaginal). Infectious vaginitis accounts for 90% of all cases in reproductive age women: They can cause redness and irritation on your penis or scrotum.

Luckily, there's a pretty quick solution for women who suffer from first-time yeast infections and exacerbated yeast infections that don't respond to topical treatment. Vaginal bleeding in early pregnancy, but if your bleeding is heavy — or if it continues after the infection clears — it may be a sign of a different underlying condition. If the mouth is infected, the lining of the mouth is often red and sore. The infections may occur under the nails (subungual) possibly causing loss of fingernails or toenails. Vulvar dermatitis typically happens because a substance irritates your skin or causes an allergic reaction, Mary Rosser, M. In 2020, there was an outbreak of fungal meningitis in some parts of the United States. Your health care provider may tell you that you need to take medicine every month to prevent yeast infections.

Other skin conditions: It is characterized by red, pustular, crusted and thickened lesions, especially on the nose and forehead. In fact, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates nearly 75 percent of women are likely to contract one yeast infection in their lifetime, with up to 45 percent of women experiencing recurring ones. He or she may scrape off a bit of skin or remove part of a nail and examine it to confirm the diagnosis. It can be an uncomfortable experience because of the redness, swelling and itchiness it can cause in the vaginal area, and the thick, yellowish vaginal discharge that occurs. Tight underwear made of material such as nylon or Lycra that traps moisture and heat, especially in the summer.

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The yeast Candida albicans is the most common cause of vaginitis. Don’t douche or use feminine hygiene sprays, sanitary pads, or tampons that contain deodorant. A yeast infection is also called candidiasis. An infection that is spread by sexual contact, including chlamydia, gonorrhea, human papillomavirus (HPV), herpes, syphilis, and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV, the cause of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome [AIDS]). Don’t use bubble bath or colored/perfumed toilet paper. A warm, shallow bath may help to ease the pain, and over-the-counter medications can reduce pain and swelling.

If you have never been diagnosed or treated by a physician for a yeast infection and have some of the symptoms, you should see your physician first for accurate diagnosis and treatment, because trying to treat yourself may make symptoms worse.

Thrush occurs when there is an overgrowth of Candida albicans (yeast-like fungus) in your vagina. Keep naturally moist areas of the body as cool and dry as possible. Penile candidiasis most often affects men with diabetes, uncircumcised men, or men whose female sex partners have vaginal candidiasis.

With yeast testing kits, you can test the pH of your vaginal discharge to determine whether it’s acidic (likely yeast) or basic (possibly something else). A woman may have vaginal itching or burning and may notice a discharge. You should also be on the lookout for symptoms of yeast infections, bacterial vaginosis, and trichomoniasis, 3 infections that can cause changes in your vaginal discharge.

It occurs in all age groups.

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Trichomoniasis usually is treated with a single dose of an antibiotic by mouth. Sugar is added to many processed foods so read the label to find out if sugar has been added to foods that you are eating. The chart below shows the most common symptoms of a yeast infection. The antibiotics kill normal vaginal bacteria, which keep yeast in check. The bottom line is, if your symptoms don't go away, you need to be seen. There may be burning, irritation, redness, and swelling of the vulva.

They may also change each time you get thrush, so watch out for these common symptoms and whether your symptoms are mild, moderate or more complicated. The partner of someone who has a yeast infection does not automatically have to be treated unless symptoms appear. Use the following information as a guide to help identify a vaginal yeast infection: It’s natural for the labia to vary in size — from woman to woman and even from one side of the labia to the other.

Symptoms range from mild vaginal itching or burning to severe itching, swelling, and burning, accompanied by a white, watery or thick discharge. Do the symptoms indicate a vaginal infection? It helps maintain the balance of microorganisms in there. You doctor will then conduct a gynecological exam to check for redness, swelling, discharge, and odor. If you know that it is a yeast infection from past experience and are familiar with the symptoms, you want an effective and convenient medicine - one that works at the site of the infection. Try MONISTAT®, the #1 OTC antifungal.

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A yeast infection can be treated by creams that can be applied vaginally. To help your provider find out what you have: According to the U.

Vaginal yeast infections are common among teen girls, and about 75% of all females will have one at some point.

2020 Feb 1;213(3): The symptoms of a vaginal yeast infection are familiar to many women: As straightforward as it might seem, most doctors will discourage you from diagnosing and treating a yeast infection yourself. Having BV has been associated with an increased risk in developing pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), which is a serious infection of the uterus and fallopian tubes. Shower immediately after you swim, and dry thoroughly. A change in your normal vaginal discharge may be the first sign of a vaginal problem. How are yeast infections treated?

Your doctor can do a swab and confirm under the microscope whether it is an overgrowth of yeast or not.

4 The number of vaginal candidiasis cases in the United States is unknown. What is the cause? Factors that increase your risk of developing a yeast infection include: