Normally, it causes no problems. It is impossible to predict how long persistent thrush may last for individual women, but the good thing is most will respond to long-term therapy, and it will eventually ease. Some women need to take time off work. Others are only available on prescription from your GP. They may infect their mother’s nipples causing nipple redness and soreness. Vaginal thrush is treated with medications you can buy over the counter from a pharmacy, or get on prescription from your GP. Symptoms of vaginal thrush may include: Symptomatic thrush can be categorised as uncomplicated or complicated.

Generally, our bodies have Candida in it without any side effects as the natural secretions of the vagina control it. Anecdotal reports suggest that many women experience relief from such home treatments. Vaginal thrush is caused by an overgrowth of, or an allergic reaction to, a yeast called Candida albicans. If your immune system has been weakened by something like chemotherapy, you may be more susceptible to vaginal yeast infections. This article looks the current treatments available. It is common to think that thrush is associated with something more serious or is a result of "something you've done". Candida normally inhabits the vagina, mouth and digestive tract in small numbers and is normally harmless. Ask your doctor for more information regarding the differences between a yeast infection and a UTI.

This type of discharge does not require any medication even when quite profuse, as is often the case in pregnancy.

About 75% cent of women will have vaginal thrush in their lifetime. It can also be brought on by using vaginal deodorants, bath salts and some soaps. The creams and suppositories in this regimen are oil-based and might weaken latex condoms and diaphragms. How is the diagnosis of vulvovaginal candidiasis made?

Infection occurs in about 30% of women who are taking a course of antibiotics by mouth. Although most women will have experienced one or more episodes of uncomplicated thrush that results in temporary discomfort, some suffer from recurrent episodes. If you have had Thrush before, you may be able to recognise the symptoms and go straight to a pharmacy for treatment. These are available without a prescription and are available to purchase online, or are found in: Single capsule oral treatments for vaginal thrush, are available over-the-counter in pharmacies. Often symptoms can be quite irritating and will not go without treatment.

PID may form scar tissue and adhesions which can result in serious health issues including chronic pelvic pain, ectopic pregnancy and fertility problems (30). Thrush can develop following changes in lifestyle, health or habit. You have no abnormal bleeding. Checks like this might help you to pick up vulval conditions and cancer at an early stage. When clinics are at full capacity, patients asking to be seen will be triaged and those who fit our urgent criteria will be a priority. The symptoms of vaginal thrush include vulval itching, vulval soreness and irritation, pain or discomfort during sexual intercourse (superficial dyspareunia), pain or discomfort during urination (dysuria) and vaginal discharge, which is usually odourless. Yeast infections usually happen in warm, moist parts of the body, such as the mouth, and moist areas of skin. It is recommended to practice safe sex, using a condom/dam to reduce the risk of transmitting BV (9,11).

It is best to avoid douching, using perfumed talcs and deodorants in the genital area and using bubble-bath, soap, bath salts and shampoo when taking a bath (sitting in water that contains these products can disturb the natural environment in the vagina) (14,15).

Who Gets Vulvovaginal Candidiasis?

Are unwell in yourself in addition to the vaginal and vulval symptoms. Seeing your doctor is the only way to know for sure if you have vaginal thrush. In fact, it’s estimated that 3 out of 4 women will get more than two vaginal yeast infections in their lifetime. Vaginal thrush can usually be diagnosed on the basis of its symptoms, but tests may be conducted to exclude other types of infection (e. )

Candidal vulvovaginitis in pregnancy should be treated with intravaginal clotrimazole or nystatin for at least 7 days. Thrush treatment is available over the counter in pharmacies. So in these situations you may be more likely to develop thrush. Sometimes sexual intercourse and using tampons can lead to thrush, especially if your vagina is dry. Chlamydia causes inflammation of the urethra (tube from the bladder to the urinary opening) and/or the cervix (neck of the uterus). Thrush can occasionally be passed on to sexual partners.

Then feel each area for lumps under the surface, which you might not be able to see. This can then lead to diaper rash and oral thrush in your baby. The yeast is mainly present in the bowel, but may also be present in the mouth, on the skin and in the vagina. Candida albicans is a fungus that exists naturally in the vagina, mouth, bowel and elsewhere. Vaginal fissuring and/or swelling. Sometimes it may be painful to pass urine and/or painful to have sex. Trichomoniasis is also associated with preterm delivery and low birth weight in pregnant women (32,35,36,37).

  • What is the treatment for vaginal thrush?
  • Although vaginal yeast infections are not considered a sexually transmitted infection, sexual intercourse can trigger or spread them.
  • You can still have sex when you have vaginal thrush.
  • It’s also important to dilute oils properly before use.

Medicine Groups

Barrier protection (condoms) should always be used when having sex with a partner whose previous sexual habits or partners are unknown. They can refer you for tests or see a specialist if needed. Always seek specific medical advice for treatment appropriate to you. Women who suspect they may have BV or a vaginal infection should visit their doctor. No research so far has found a cure that works for all women. Some women are reluctant to take anti-fungal medications for long periods, as they can have some side-effects, including abdominal pain.

Candida yeast is normally harmless and resides in the vagina with a variety of other microbial organisms, including bacteria, which keep each other in balance. Some women slather a tampon with yoghurt, and insert it into their vaginas, removing the tampon after 30 minutes or so, which should be enough time for the yoghurt with all its beneficial bacteria to be absorbed by the body. During an antibiotic treatment, vaginal pessaries containing lactic acid can be used as a preventative measure.

  • Any discharge you have does not smell and is white or creamy.
  • Symptoms include itching, irritation or a burning sensation in your genital area, and pain may be present during sexual intercourse.
  • A 2020 review of research found that certain types of probiotics may combat some of the yeasts that cause vaginal yeast infection.
  • Other foods that feed yeast include yeasted bread, mushrooms, vinegar, sauces and pickles containing vinegar, nuts and seeds, melons, and the biggest “no-no” of all….
  • Having some cream available during a course of antibiotics may be useful.
  • Why do I get thrush?

Thrush Medications

It could be something as simple as a run away script or learning how to better use E-utilities, http: Yeast infection vs. They're normally applied to the skin two or three times a day for at least two weeks. A probiotic is the opposite of an antibiotic, which means that it encourages rather than destroys bacteria in the body. Refer to the ‘Vulval Conditions’ fact sheet for more information on these conditions. A test can be done at:

Up to three quarters of all women will have at least one bout of thrush in their lives. Retrieved from https: You should see your doctor before taking this medication if you’re not sure what is causing the irritation. It may be helpful to:

They’ll also look at the surrounding area for external signs of infection. This can be a tablet you take, a tablet you insert into your vagina (pessary) or a cream to relieve the irritation. Candida albicans is a common fungus often harbored in the mouth, digestive tract, or vagina without causing adverse symptoms. Intravaginal creams are applied inside your vagina. Thrush is not sexually transmitted, so you do not need to avoid sex, though sex may be uncomfortable while you are infected. It is also known under the other name of candidosis.

In this Article

They claim to experience relief from yeast infection, by placing a garlic clove, threaded with a string, into the vagina overnight. Overgrowth of yeast can result from: One issue with essential oils is that some people might be allergic to them. But using tea tree oil can lead to nasty allergic reactions, while garlic can burn. These fungi tend to cause recurrent vaginal thrush and are resistant to commonly used antifungal drugs. The best way to prevent thrush is to identify what triggers the condition for you. It is not a sign of bad hygiene.

Top Picks

You can have a test as soon as you have signs and symptoms. The diagnosis can be made clinically on the basis of the description and appearance of the vulva, vaginal discharge or glans penis in men. See ‘how to treat vaginal thrush’ below for more information. Some are applied directly to the vagina and/or vulva; others are medicines which are swallowed orally. This is to check you do not have diabetes, as this would make you more prone to thrush. Using a simple emollient every day as a moisturiser to protect the skin around the vulva. Mild thrush can usually be treated with a short course of antifungal medication.

Thrush isn’t a sexually transmitted infection but it’s important you don’t delay getting advice if you may have been at risk of a sexually transmitted infection. In some cases, after 20 or 30 episodes, the infection can become resistant to standard drugs, leaving women with few treatment options. The symptoms may not be due to thrush.

Vaginal thrush signs and symptoms include the following:

Potty Mouths

Thrush is a fungal infection caused by a yeast called Candida albicans. Creams, tablets, and suppositories often come with an applicator to help you place the medicine inside your vagina, where it can begin to work. Tea tree oil has long been prized for its antifungal properties. The condition can also be caused by having sex when you are not fully aroused which leads to vaginal dryness. If you get recurrent vaginal thrush and are unsure what is causing it, discuss your symptoms with your doctor. The hormone estrogen helps bacteria called lactobacilli to grow.


This causes intense itching, swelling, and irritation. Most products used to treat vaginal thrush are ‘pharmacist only’ or ‘prescription only’ medications, so you will need to talk to your pharmacist or doctor to obtain treatment. Even supposedly “healthy” sugars such as fruit juice, honey and dried fruits can give candida the energy source it needs to flourish. There may also be a discharge from the vagina.

If these treatments don’t work or if you often get thrush, see a doctor as you may have other health problems or a drug-resistant type of Candida. Vaginal intercourse, as well as penetration via sex toys and fingers, can all introduce bacteria. For example, in recurrent VVT, fluconazole oral medication (150 mg) is given once weekly for 6 months to prevent recurrence of the infection. Your doctor may also test for sexually transmissible infections, which can cause similar symptoms. Tablets are more convenient but are more expensive than most topical treatments. If you are sexually active, your doctor may recommend simultaneous treatment of your sexual partner(s) if they have symptoms, to prevent re-infection. They will ask you about other symptoms you’re experiencing, such as burning and painful urination.

Antibiotics alter the natural bacterial balance in the vagina (killing the normal lactobacilli) and allow an overgrowth of thrush.

Some treatments can also weaken latex condoms and diaphragms (see above), so you may want to avoid having sex or use another form of contraception during treatment and for a few days afterwards. While it is unclear if BV is actually sexually transmitted, it is associated with sexual activity. You can prevent a vaginal fungal infection with correct toilet hygiene. You may need a longer course of treatment if your vaginal thrush is difficult to treat or keeps coming back. Thrush can be triggered by taking a course of antibiotics, pre-menstrual changes in vaginal acid balance, hot weather or wearing tight-fitting synthetic clothes.

What Are Vaginal Yeast Infections?

Uncomplicated thrush is common. Alternatively a lower dose is used for several days. Once your doctor has determined it’s indeed a fungal infection — or another type of infection — they will then be able to prescribe the correct type of treatment. You may also want to rub some anti-thrush cream on to the skin around the vagina (the vulva) for a few days, especially if it is itchy.

Yoghurt has shown to be helpful in preventing attacks of yeast, but a probiotic supplement goes one step further to actually treat a yeast infection. Eating acidophillus yoghurt is recommended by some women to stop yeast infections. While yeast infections won’t hurt your baby, it’s possible to pass the Candida fungus to them during delivery. Chlamydia predominantly affects those aged 25 years old and under (28). Do not use vaginal douches, deodorants or powders as they may cause irritation. If you take antibiotic medication. These are available in one-day through to seven-day treatment programmes.