How to Treat Vaginal Yeast Infection, Symptoms, Causes & Medicine

You would need another prescription medicine to treat the infection.

Overgrowth of yeast can result from: These range from lifestyle choices to pre-existing medical conditions. Using scented sanitary products and douching can upset the healthy balance of bacteria in the vagina and make yeast infections more likely. A lab test can identify what type of Candida you have. How can I prevent vaginal candidiasis? However, a positive fungal culture does not always mean that Candida is causing symptoms because some women can have Candida in the vagina without having any symptoms. Usually the length of time your yeast infection is left untreated has a direct impact on how severe your symptoms may become.

So can certain health problems, like diabetes or HIV infection. This is also true with soaps, laundry detergents, and fabrics. Pregnant women are also at greater risk, because they have higher levels of estrogen – which is thought to cause the vagina to produce more glycogen, which hikes the risk for a yeast infection. After insertion of the speculum, the vagina and cervix should be inspected thoroughly and specimens obtained from the lateral vaginal wall for laboratory evaluation. How this works. Be sure to see your doctor the first time you have symptoms of a yeast infection.

The symptoms of a yeast infection depend on where it is located in the body. Oral candidiasis, the variability of these factors between individuals may partly determine who will become Candida carriers. You may feel more comfortable if you wear breathable cotton underwear and clothes and avoid vaginal sprays and douches. When this yeast increases it can cause an infection.

  • If you get more than four vaginal yeast infections a year, or if your infection doesn't go away after using over-the-counter treatment, you may need to take regular doses of antifungal medicine for up to six months.
  • How do you treat a yeast infection?
  • Cultures for trichomoniasis, gonorrhea and chlamydia are indicated if the secretions reveal many white blood cells but no underlying cause is found.
  • BV is said to have a strong fishy odor too.
  • Yeast infections are not considered to be sexually transmitted—someone can get a yeast infection without ever having had sex— but frequent and recent penis-in-vagina or oral-vulva sex may increase the risk of getting a yeast infection (5).

Yeast Infection Treatment

For them, eliminating dairy products from the diet and cutting down on sugar may help to curb candidiasis. I inserted boric acid into my vagina to cure bacterial vaginosis. The symptoms of a yeast infection can be similar to other common vaginal infections such as bacterial vaginosis and trichomoniasis, so talking to a healthcare provider is a good idea to make sure the proper treatment is provided. – Many women report getting a yeast infection after sexual intercourse. In extreme cases, you can get fissures or sores on your vagina or vulva. Symptoms include redness, irritation, and discharge. In cases of RVVC secondary to C.

If symptoms continue after treatment, see your doctor. Candida albicans is a yeast-like fungus that is often found in the mouth, vagina, and intestinal tract; it is a normal inhabitant of humans that typically does not have any adverse effects. Yeast is a fungus normally found on your skin. Is it okay to 'tough out' a yeast infection? self-diagnosing below the belt isn't always a smart decision. Your health care professional also may suggest other tests.

These cells go to a lab for examination.

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A vaginal yeast infection is caused by the fungus Candida albicans. 6 Maintenance regimens include ketoconazole (Nizoral), 100 mg daily; itraconazole (Sporanox), 100 mg daily; and fluconazole (Diflucan), 100 to 200 mg weekly. Candidiasis is caused by a fungus-like yeast.

  • Boric acid suppositories can be effective against less common strains of yeast that are resistant to the usual treatment.
  • Some women get yeast infections every month around the time of their menstrual periods.
  • The health condition is so, err, popular because every woman naturally has yeast (aka candida) brewing in their vaginas.
  • Getting a yeast infection after sex does not necessarily indicate that your partner had a yeast infection first.
  • Irritant dermatitis Irritation Burning Erythema of vulva and/or vestibule Normal pH Negative microscopy Negative fungal culture Removal of potential irritants Topical corticosteroid ointment Vulvar vestibulitis Often minor irritation or burning in day-to-day activities Acquired dyspareunia with intromission Pain with other contact with introitus (e.)
  • If you get symptoms of infection, such as warm, reddened skin or drainage, tell your healthcare provider.
  • When something happens to change the balance of these organisms, yeast can grow too much and cause symptoms.


It can be an uncomfortable experience because of the redness, swelling and itchiness it can cause in the vaginal area, and the thick, yellowish vaginal discharge that occurs. The most common bacteria, Lactobacillus acidophilus, help keep other organisms—like the yeast—under control. Preventing thrush in breastfeeding moms, a weak immune system. Taking antibiotics sometimes causes this imbalance. What if I get yeast infections all the time? How do I protect myself against yeast infections?

Medications can effectively treat vaginal yeast infections. Mason says painful urination is one of the most telltale yeast infection symptoms in women. Candida and the many other germs that normally live in the vagina keep each other in balance. If you can, it is best to clean your genitals after sex to get rid of any foreign bacteria. 2 Sometimes, Candida can multiply and cause an infection if the environment inside the vagina changes in a way that encourages its growth. But when the body’s good bacteria is affected, it opens the door to a yeast overgrowth,” explains Dr Lee.

Whether oral or vaginal medicine is recommended.

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Your doctor will do a pelvic examination to look for inflammation and a white discharge in your vagina and around the vaginal opening. 5 percent of women reported masturbation with saliva, however, while 69 percent reported cunnilingus, suggesting oral sex is the more common risk. Physiologic discharge Chronic white discharge, unchanged with past therapies Mild acid odor Flocculent or thick white discharge Normal pH Normal microscopy Negative fungal culture None Further questions about the primary location of symptoms (vulva, introitus or deep vaginal), variation of symptoms with the menstrual cycle, attempts at self-treatment and response to prior therapies will further clarify the clinical history. The medicine(s) that is prescribed for yeast infections will not cure other kinds of vaginal infections such as bacterial vaginosis or sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Continue to have symptoms despite home treatment with a nonprescription medicine.

Impaired immune system. Ask your health care provider about safe and effective treatments. Although most women have no underlying health problems that lead to a yeast infection, some have greater risk factors. See your doctor if your yeast infection symptoms don’t improve after your period ends. Top 10 antifungal soaps of 2020, definitely don’t douche! Can sex cause a yeast infection? Although RVVC is more common in women who have diabetes or problems with their immune system, most women with RVVC have no underlying medical illness that would predispose them to recurrent candida infections. How are yeast infections treated? You can lower your risk of getting a yeast infection by:

Some vaginal infections, such as bacterial vaginosis, gonorrhea, or chlamydia, may increase your risk of complications during pregnancy.

Over-the-counter or prescription antifungal creams used twice a day for between one to three weeks will clear the infection. Types of yeast infections and how to treat them, most women however would rather spend their hard earned dollars on treating themselves rather that getting stool tested. Side effects can include nausea, headaches, and belly pain. A doctor will be able to correctly pinpoint the problem (yeast infection or something else) then give you personalized treatment, like an Rx for the oral antifungal fluconazole as well as a topical skin cream to reduce inflammation. Statistics show that 3 in every 4 women will experience one at some point throughout their lives.


A whiff test for the presence of amines should be performed by placing a drop of 10 percent KOH onto the vaginal secretions and checking for a fishy odor. Eight home remedies for a yeast infection, impaired immune system. Fluctuations in hormones are thought to be a cause of yeast infections before your period, causing imbalances in healthy bacteria in the vagina. Red, irritated skin around the opening to the vagina (labia).

After Treatment

The discharge may have a fishy odor. Home remedies Alternative therapies are sometimes used to treat vaginal yeast. Uncomplicated thrush is when there are less than four episodes in a year, the symptoms are mild or moderate, it is likely caused by Candida albicans, and there are no significant host factors such as poor immune function. In these cases, sexual contact can transmit a yeast infection from one person to another.