Vaginal Yeast Infection: Causes, Symptoms, Prevention & More

I took one right away, then the other 3 days later.

Gunter, a gynecologist and the director of pelvic pain and vulvovaginal disorders at Kaiser Permanente San Francisco, says true recurrent yeast infections, defined as four or more per year, are pretty rare — only 5 to 8 percent of women have them, though they’re more common among people with diabetes. Some of the common things that put you at risk for vaginal yeast infection include: For any woman with yeast-infection-like symptoms, she recommends taking a good old antihistamine like Zyrtec, Claritin, or Allegra, which will reduce inflammation and can help give you relief while you’re waiting for medicine to do its thing, or for lab results to come back. Do not rub to try to relieve itching. Vaginal boric acid capsules are available over-the-counter.

Some of these are available to buy online, including clotrimazole, Monistat 3, and terconazole.

Just because a medication once sold only by prescription is now available over the counter does not mean that patients know how and when to use it properly. For most girls, there's no way to prevent yeast infections. You may also pass on a yeast infection to your baby’s mouth during breastfeeding if Candida overgrowth is present in the breast area. So what should you do about it?

Vaginal yeast infections aren’t considered a sexually transmitted infection (STI), commonly known as sexually transmitted disease (STD). If maintenance medications are necessary, these begin after one of the above methods of treatment has finished. Yeast can cause an infection for anyone with a vagina, regardless of gender identity or sexual orientation. If you're taking antibiotics, such as for strep throat, the antibiotics can kill the "good" bacteria that normally keep the Candida in check. Signs of infection may get worse without treatment. Immense stress – stress can change the balance of your body’s chemistry, which can lead to surprising and uncomfortable physiological changes. Male partners who do have symptoms such as itching, rash, burning with urination or discharge from the penis should be evaluated.

  • Your doctor will examine your vaginal walls and cervix.
  • Since these medications are oil-based, they can weaken latex condoms and diaphragms, potentially making them less reliable.
  • Yeast infections occur when the balance of organisms in your vagina is upset, and the amount of yeast grows too much, causing an infection.
  • What are signs of vaginal yeast infections?
  • Women with immune-suppressing diseases such as diabetes and HIV infection also are at increased risk.
  • It’s your choice which suppository length you prefer, from 1-day to 7-day treatment.
  • An article said to insert the clove at night and to anchor it to the outer world with a piece of floss.

How can I prevent or decrease my chances of getting a yeast infection?

I felt better while the medicine was in my system, but back to discomfort on day 7. Thrush treatments, symptoms, causes & home remedies, while it is most commonly seen in young infants, thrush may affect toddlers, and to a lesser degree, older children and occasionally adults. If you need an appointment to be checked for yeast, contact Hall Health Center. Can I get this infection again? If you're using a vaginal treatment and are sexually active, you should not have sex until the infection has been completely treated because these medicines can weaken condoms and diaphragms. Yeast is a benign colonizer of the vaginal area and can be found within healthy vaginas in small numbers. Having a condition such as poorly controlled diabetes or can lead to too much yeast growing in the vagina. Candida esophagitis is thrush that spreads to your esophagus, the tube that takes food from your mouth to your stomach. As many as one third of women will have symptoms of vaginitis sometime during their lives.

Co-located with the Shands Jacksonville Hospital, the Jacksonville Health Science Center excels in education, research and patient care that expresses our abiding values of compassion, excellence, professionalism and innovation. “If you don’t have a positive yeast culture, you don’t have a yeast infection,” she says. When it affects the penis, this is known as a penile yeast infection. In men, it affects the head of the penis. Vaginal lubricants or a small dose of estrogen can help in this case. MONISTAT® can begin to relieve symptoms soon after the first dose, with a full cure after seven days. When too much yeast grows on your skin or other areas, it can cause an infection. Careful personal hygiene is helpful.

  • Our state-of-the-art medical center serves an urban population of 1 million from north Florida to south Georgia.
  • You need a prescription from your doctor to get the yeast infection pill.
  • Yes, your partner can catch it from you.
  • Oftentimes, when we hear the word “infection,” we assume that antibiotics will remedy the problem.
  • While yeast infections won’t hurt your baby, it’s possible to pass the Candida fungus to them during delivery.
  • How do I treat yeast infections?

How Is Bacterial Vaginosis Treated?

Vaginal yeast infections are typically caused by the yeast species Candida albicans. What causes a yeast infection? Many women have infections that come back. Established in 1923, the College of Pharmacy is the oldest college in the UF Academic Health Center. Because yeast infections and BV have such similar symptoms, it can be hard to tell which you are experiencing, and self-diagnosing is often inaccurate, Dr.

  • Sex with a yeast infection can be painful, and it may hurt when you pee.
  • Taking corticosteroid medicines sometimes also weakens the immune system and increases the risk for yeast infections.
  • You must see a doctor to get antibiotics.
  • Whether you should avoid sexual intercourse if you are using vaginal medicine.
  • Studies have shown patients who took prescription yeast infection tablets once a week for several months treated the condition faster.
  • These infections are very common.
  • Luckily, most can be cured or controlled with clean habits and OTC (over-the-counter) drugs.

Add New Comment

How much you experience these symptoms ultimately depends on you. Wear loose fitting cotton underclothing. First things first, unfortunately, almost all women will experience at least one yeast infection (genital candidiasis) -- an infection caused by an overgrowth of the fungus Candida -- at some point in life. Although yeast infections may spread from one sexual partner to the other, it’s rare. Your doctor can give you the right diagnosis so that you can be treated appropriately. If this is your first yeast infection or you are unsure as to whether or not you have one, consult your healthcare professional.

You’ve been doing this for years and you’re not better. Although going to the doctor might feel like a pain, keep in mind that self-diagnosing isn't always the right call. They will look to see if the vulva or vagina appear red, swollen, or if any discharge is present (6). So even if you think you know everything there is to know about yeast infections, read on. Gynecologists. How can I prevent yeast infections? For the vaginal wet mount, your doctor or a lab technician will mix a sample of your vaginal discharge with a salt solution, put it onto a glass slide, and look at it under a microscope. It also is important either to have an up-to-date screening for sexually transmitted diseases or to obtain one for yourself and your most recent new sexual partner.

Are not pregnant. Yeast infection from antibiotics: causes, symptoms, and treatment, but do wash down there on a regular basis (remember, though, no scented stuff!). How are yeast infections treated? This misdiagnosis of vaginal infections is an important issue: Are having a recurrent infection.

Related Resources

Have symptoms return within 2 months, and you have not been taking antibiotics. The symptoms of a vaginal yeast infection include: A sex partner of someone diagnosed with a yeast infection does not need to be treated, unless they are experiencing symptoms of a yeast infection themself (6). Yeast grows best in a warm, moist environment: Vaginal boric acid capsules are sometimes used. It is used in various pharmaceutical products and is also available without a prescription.

After those three months, I woke up one day and realized I hadn’t been in pain in a few days. Both issues share common symptoms, which can make it hard to distinguish which one you are experiencing. Candida is a yeast (a type of fungus) commonly found on the skin and in the body, including the mouth, throat, gut, and vagina. This test can confirm that you have a yeast infection. A skin reaction or allergy: This is why it is important to visit a health care provider so you can be sure what infection you have.

Other treatments after more than four episodes per year, may include ten days of either oral or topical treatment followed by fluconazole orally once per week for 6 months. Cranberry juice has been long known to help get rid of yeast infections, but it can also cause the problem in the first place. They will ask you about other symptoms you’re experiencing, such as burning and painful urination. Make sure you follow the directions and use all of the medicine, even if your symptoms go away before you finish. – oil of oregano has strong antifungal powers and is taken orally (in a carrier oil, or highly diluted – NEVER in essential oil form) to ward off yeast infections. A secondary bacterial infection can happen, so monitor for spreading redness, or swelling, or pain. – the gentle, yet powerful antifungal properties of coconut oil can be used topically to treat yeast infections.

Vaginal Yeast Infection Overview

A yeast infection during pregnancy isn’t always treated in the same way as in nonpregnant women. Yeast infection in the mouth (thrush) may be treated with a medicated mouthwash. If you would rather take a pill by mouth, you may ask your health care provider for a pill called fluconazole (floo kon' na zole). There are some skin conditions that can cause skin changes, such as whitening and itching. Penile inflammation (balanitis): Some women don’t notice them at all, Dr. If you’d like to make an appointment with an OB-GYN, you can find one here.

In men, balanitis can cause: – May indicate a Sexually Transmitted Infection or Disease, including herpes and trichomoniasis. Guys who are not circumcised need to take extra care to clean properly beneath their foreskins. Yeast infection, this is normal. Uncomplicated thrush is when there are less than four episodes in a year, the symptoms are mild or moderate, it is likely caused by Candida albicans, and there are no significant host factors such as poor immune function. Many women fear they've caught a sexually transmitted infection rather than a run-of-the-mill yeast infection. Yeast infections can be caused by something that kills off the normal bacteria in your vagina, like antibiotics, or something that promotes the growth of yeast, like having high blood sugar, or trapping moisture against your skin with tight-fitting, non-breathable fabrics, Dr. Symptoms of a vaginal yeast infection are more likely to occur during the week before a menstrual period.

The medicine(s) that is prescribed for yeast infections will not cure other kinds of vaginal infections such as bacterial vaginosis or sexually transmitted infections (STIs).

Related Content

For example, when the normal, protective bacteria are eradicated by antibiotics (taken to treat a urinary tract, respiratory, or other types of infection) or by immunosuppressive drugs, the yeast can multiply, invade tissues, and cause irritation of the lining of the vagina (vaginitis). Although symptoms may go away before completing the treatment, it is important to finish all the medication recommended on the package or by your clinician to cure the infection. Blood in your stool/near your vulva – Also a symptom of hemorrhoids.

Contact your doctor if symptoms persist or worsen.


This is especially important when considering sensitive areas such as the vagina. Avoid tight-fitting clothing, such as panty hose, and tight-fitting jeans. Oral thrush in adults, [8] Individuals continue to be at risk of the condition if underlying factors such as reduced salivary flow rate or immunosuppression are not rectifiable. The infection may be incompletely treated, or not treated long enough.

Or instead, you may try putting a cool, damp cloth on the area. Itching, burning, redness -- a yeast infection can be a total pain. Yeast infections are ridiculously common. Avoid wearing panty hose, tight jeans or pants, or wet bathing suits and damp gym clothing. Please consult a doctor for diagnosis of BV or if you are unsure of your symptoms. Medications can effectively treat vaginal yeast infections. So long as you're not experiencing symptoms that are causing you to be uncomfortable, it's okay if it's treated later.

How are yeast infections diagnosed? In these cases, a medication for a yeast infection will not work and may cause a delay in proper diagnosis and treatment of the actual problem. Lack of sleep – a lack of sleep can throw off various functions of your body and in conjunction with other lifestyle changes, can lead to imbalances in bacteria.

Itching Down There Isn’t Always a Yeast Infection

Vaginal yeast infections can be treated with medicines such as pills or creams, ovules, or ointments. This condition may occur any time when female hormone levels are low, such as during breastfeeding and after menopause. Still, there are a few distinct symptoms to have on your radar:

Cranberry Juice Might Be Doing More Harm Than Good.

The most common symptoms of a yeast infection are itching and vaginal discharge. Change out of a wet swimsuit right away. Using antibiotics, oral contraceptive pills, and IUDs may increase the risk of getting a yeast infection for some people but not in others (5).

It’s important to see a doctor for your diagnosis, because if you actually have another type of infection, it could get worse if not properly treated.

Having many vaginal yeast infections may be a sign of other health problems. What's That Itch Down There? Throughout your menstrual cycle the body provides clues as to what’s happening inside. When C albicans in the vagina multiplies to the point of infection, this infection can cause vaginal inflammation, irritation, odor, discharge, and itching. Changes in diet may weaken your body’s defenses.

He or she may scrape off a bit of skin or remove part of a nail and examine it to confirm the diagnosis.

Use mild, unscented soap and water. When I look back and try to figure out what happened in my situation, I can think of a few factors that may have contributed: All our visits with patients are confidential and convenient and require as little as a phone or video consultation. The fungus most commonly associated with vaginal yeast infection is called Candida albicans, which account for up to 92% of all cases, with the remainder due to other species of Candida. Urrutia recommends watching your symptoms for a few days before taking any action. Understanding how to prevent, identify, and treat a yeast infection will help you maintain your health and get you to start feeling back to normal.

Poor diet and lack of sleep may also increase the risk.

What Increases Your Risk

These infections are easily treatable. BV symptoms can be similar to those of a yeast infection. Sometimes, women have pain when they pee as the urine passes over the sore tissues. Or it may be treated with lozenges that dissolve in the mouth.

You are not sure that you have a yeast infection. Yeast is a single-celled microorganism which can live in the vagina. Though yeast infections can happen to anyone at any time, there are certain things that make getting them more likely. While they aren't life-threatening, yeast infections are irritating -- both physically and mentally. Talk to your doctor about all of your yeast infection treatment options. It isn't anything like an STD. Since it is unknown whether yeast is transmitted between women, female partners should be evaluated for yeast. You are more likely to use a treatment correctly and complete the treatment if you get to choose the type you prefer.

In more severe cases, it may take up to 2 weeks. Founded in 1956, the University of Florida College of Nursing is the premier educational institution for nursing in the state of Florida and is ranked in the top 10 percent of all nursing graduate programs nationwide. The NP then prescribed me double-duty: I had some garlic in my kitchen, so I decided to give it a go.

  • In it went, and off we dozed.
  • Watchful waiting If you are sure your symptoms are caused by a vaginal yeast infection, waiting several days to see if the symptoms clear up on their own is not harmful, especially if you expect your menstrual period within that time.


Other skin conditions: This fungus usually causes no symptoms. A vaginal yeast infection isn't considered a sexually transmitted infection. Treatment of feline otitis externa due to otodectes cynotis and complicated by secondary bacterial and fungal infections with oridermyl auricular ointment. Some studies suggest that the use of pads and tampons, or wearing tight synthetic clothing increases the risk for yeast infections, while other studies suggest there is no link between these and yeast infections (2,5). Avoid using soap when cleaning the vaginal area—rinse with water only.

It does not have a bad smell. Vaginal yeast infections can also occur as a result of injury to the inner vagina, such as after chemotherapy. Your doctor will also examine your cervix for swelling and redness, and your vaginal walls for dry, white spots. A doctor will be able to correctly pinpoint the problem (yeast infection or something else) then give you personalized treatment, like an Rx for the oral antifungal fluconazole as well as a topical skin cream to reduce inflammation. Symptoms develop when large numbers of a fungus called Candida are present in the vagina. Among the complications include fertility issues and premature delivery (if you get infected while pregnant), and a higher risk of contracting STIs.

To diagnose vaginitis, your health care professional will take a sample of the discharge from your vagina and look at it under a microscope. There are alternative approaches to treating a yeast infection. What helps yeast infections: foods to eat and avoid, [Erratum in MMWR, 64(33):. He or she may do some tests to see if your yeast infections are being caused by another health problem, such as diabetes. For infrequent recurrences, the simplest and most cost-effective management is self-diagnosis and early initiation of topical therapy. It’s also found in your digestive system.

Magazines & More

Have been exposed to a sexually transmitted infection (STI), which would require a medical exam. For persistent yeast infections, your doctor may recommend you use this method. If symptoms are severe, a doctor may prescribe a few days of topical steroids to help ease symptoms while the antifungal medication works. The antibiotics kill normal vaginal bacteria, which keep yeast in check. In fact, rather than helping prevent a yeast infection, these can cause an imbalance of the healthy bacteria in your vagina that makes you more susceptible to a yeast infection, explains Dr. Cause A vaginal yeast infection is caused by an overgrowth of yeast organisms that normally live in small numbers in the vagina. Factors that increase your risk of developing a yeast infection include: Home remedies typically revolve around a common antifungal property.


The 3 most common are: It is important to note that the symptoms of a vaginal yeast infection are like those of other STIs and genital infections. If you have more questions about yeast infections, or you want to know how to find a clinic near you, call your local health department or family planning program. It can also affect the skin or the mouth.

Sometimes the number of candida increases. Common symptoms of thrush and candida esophagitis include: The prescription medication, fluconazole, is a single pill that is taken by mouth (6). If you find that tight clothing leads to itchiness or discomfort in your genital area, consider wearing more breathable fabrics. Consult your doctor before you decide to go this route. Other anti-yeast vaginal creams need a prescription. Should I see my doctor every time I have a yeast infection? I felt better during treatment, and more relieved afterward than ever before.

How is it spread? Candida albicans is a common fungus often harbored in the mouth, digestive tract, or vagina without causing adverse symptoms. Treatment for yeast infections are relatively straightforward, but by self-treating, you may inadvertently make the problem worse.

  • There are a number of reasons for treatment failure.
  • Yeast infection and periods Having both a yeast infection and your period can feel like a double-whammy.

Yeast infections are super common. Here’s what you should know about preventing and treating one.

It can happen for a variety of reasons, including a compromised immune system, more frequent sex or pregnancy. “If you aren’t getting relief from the usual measures, or you aren’t quite sure of the diagnosis, it’s worth a trip to the office to get checked out,” says Dr. It often leads to itching and other irritating symptoms. Urrutia says it is possible to have an STI and yeast infection or BV at the same time.

In fact, research indicates that Candida yeast colonizes the vagina of at least 20 percent of all women — and 30 percent of all pregnant women — without causing symptoms.

National Institutes of Health

And after exercising, quickly change out of damp gear and into dry, looser fitting clothing. Other things to watch out for: Know why a new medicine or treatment is prescribed, and how it will help you.

And it may seem like more of a hassle than taking a pill. Angela told her mom what was going on, and her mom took her back to the doctor’s office. In today’s age of unpredictable waiting rooms and swamped doctors, online services like PlushCare save you time and stress. Hormonal changes from your period, pregnancy or high blood sugar can also add to your risk. It can be difficult to figure out.

So don’t call your doctor and ask for a diflucan, which is the oral version of the treatment. Do not use Canesten if you are pregnant, think you are or are nursing without speaking to a doctor first. What causes a vaginal yeast infection? If you buy something through a link on this page, we may earn a small commission. These infections may take weeks to completely treat. Some women get yeast infections every month around the time of their menstrual periods.

Top Things To Know

If not, it could be a bacterial infection that requires antibiotics and a chat with your ob-gyn, like bacterial vaginosis or trichomoniasis. Instead, there are other factors at play that can throw off Candida balance in the vaginal area. Call the OWH HELPLINE: However, if only the woman has evidence of a yeast infection, the risk of transmission is so low that there’s no need to treat the male partner.

Sexual contact can spread it, but women who aren’t sexually active can also get them. If you do, you'll be given an antifungal prescription like fluconazole, or told to purchase an over-the-counter cream or ointment, or a suppository that's inserted into the vagina. They’re itchy and uncomfortable, and no one really likes to talk about them. Both the vaginal and oral treatments have similar cure rates— around 80-90% (6,8).

Yeast infections are common:

Contact Us

While it’s possible to have one or the other, or even both infections at the same time, UTIs and yeast infections are two different conditions. 4 simple steps to manage yeast infections in dogs, according to research ACV has benefits as an antibacterial and antifungal agent. Report your symptoms to your doctor if: There’s no compelling reason to limit sexual intercourse during treatment, but you should use a condom.

A yeast infection is when the yeast naturally present on your body, usually a type called candida, grows out of control and causes an infection in your vagina and/or vulva. HIV – women who have HIV may experience more frequent yeast infections because of their weakened immune systems. Sorry, we could not find any Health Center for your search. It is often found in small amounts in the vagina, mouth, digestive tract, and on the skin. To make things worse, her vaginal area felt very itchy. The vagina normally contains a healthy balance of bacteria and yeast. Yeast infections are among the most common medical annoyances.

She’s a feminist and animal lover who lives in Northeast Ohio with her partner, two rabbits and a black cat named Wanda. It's on our skin; it can be cultured from any place. Increased estrogen levels. Severe yeast infections may cause swelling of the labia (lips) outside of the vagina.

How do I treat a yeast infection if I'm pregnant?

Yeast can also “overgrow” in warm or humid conditions. There is no evidence to support the use of special cleansing diets and colonic hydrotherapy for prevention. After having unprotected sex with a partner who has a yeast infection, you may have more than the normal amount of yeast in your vagina. What factors increase the risk of getting a yeast infection? Your healthcare provider will ask about your symptoms and medical history. Sometimes an oral anti-yeast medicine is used.